Petrol and diesel cars must be banned before 2030, claims a new report by Greenpeace.
According to the report, in order to meet the Paris agreement on climate change these vehicles must stop being sold before that date.
It suggests that Europe would not be able to meet its carbon targets set out in the Paris agreement without this move.
In the UK it was agreed that the sale of new petrol and diesel cars would be banned by 2040, however, this could change.
The report also claims that hybrids and plug-in hybrids would also need to be banned by 2035 to meet targets.
The report, which offers two scenarios for staying within the sector’s carbon budget for 1.5 degrees of warming, suggests plug-in hybrids would disappear from sale by 2035 at the latest, or before 2030 in the tougher scenario.
Rosie Rogers, clean air campaigner at Greenpeace, said: “Road transport is one of the few EU sectors where CO2 emissions continue to grow.
“Phasing-out diesel and petrol cars will benefit the climate, help solve the air pollution crisis and improve quality of life for everyone.
“The speed of the transition is the crucial point.
“It’s clear most car makers and policy makers are still at least a decade short of meaningful action to clean up our roads.
“The measure of car companies must now be the date they will rid themselves of petrol and diesel.
“And while many companies are making the right noises on electric, only a small minority have begun to talk phase-out dates.”
European Parliament could revise CO2 standards for cars that would require CO2 emissions be reduced by 15 per cent by 2025 and 30 per cent by 2021.