Americans William Nordhaus and Paul Romer have won this year’s Nobel Memorial Prize in economic sciences for their work in integrating climate change and technological innovation into economic analysis.
Nordhaus, of Yale University, was the first person to create a quantitative model that described the interplay between the economy and the climate, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said on Monday.
Laureate William Nordhaus’ research shows that the most efficient remedy for problems caused by greenhouse gas emissions is a global scheme of carbon taxes uniformly imposed on all countries. The diagram shows CO2 emissions for four climate policies according to his simulations. <a href=”https://t.co/tmxUE6MiLn”>pic.twitter.com/tmxUE6MiLn</a>
Romer, of New York University’s Stern School of Business, has shown how economic forces govern the willingness of firms to produce new ideas and innovations, laying the foundations for a new model for development, known as endogenous growth theory.
This year’s Economic Sciences laureate Paul Romer’s research shows how the accumulation of ideas sustains long-term economic growth. He demonstrated how economic forces govern the willingness of firms to produce new ideas and innovations. <a href=”https://twitter.com/hashtag/NobelPrize?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>#NobelPrize</a> <a href=”https://t.co/LeWDpiIHrF”>pic.twitter.com/LeWDpiIHrF</a>
“Their findings have significantly broadened the scope of economic analysis by constructing models that explain how the market economy interacts with nature and knowledge,” the academy said in statement.
Worth $ 1.31 million Cdn, the economics prize was established in 1968. It was not part of the original group of five awards set out in Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel’s 1895 will.
“This year’s laureates do not deliver conclusive answers, but their findings have brought us considerably closer to answering the question of how we can achieve sustained and sustainable global economic growth,” the academy said.
Unusual year for Nobels
The economics prize is the last of the Nobels to be announced this year. The prizes for medicine, physics, chemistry and peace were awarded last week.
This year’s awards have stood out for two reasons.
Proceedings have been overshadowed by the absence of the literature prize, postponed to give the Swedish Academy time to restore public trust after a sexual assault scandal.
Three women have been awarded Nobel prizes — an unusually large number for a single year.
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