A number of new driving laws have been introduced in the UK this year.
They range from new car tax rates to alterations to the driving test and can result in some motorists landing a fine if they flout the rules.
The new rules and laws could affect how you drive and use the roads across the country.
Here are the new rules and laws have been announced in 2018:
Diesel car tax increase
The cost of car tax increased for diesel motorists in the UK earlier this year.
In April, newly registered diesel cars face a price hike of up to £500. Any car that did not meet the latest emissions standards would face paying one tax band higher vehicle excise duty (VED).
Motorists face paying anywhere between £20 and £500 more to tax their car as a result. The new emissions standard has slashed the maximum amount of nitrogen oxides per kilometre a car can emit which was reduced from 120mg/km to 80mg/km in the UK.
Find out about how much more you could have to pay for your car tax here.
The MOT test changed on 20th May which saw a number of rules introduced. One of the major changes was the introduction of three new fault categories – minor, major and dangerous.
Under the new rules, cars that land a major or dangerous fault will automatically fail the test but a minor fault will allow the driver to pass.
However, cars that land a dangerous fault are illegal to drive and must be fixed immediately. Motorists that drive without a valid MOT certificate can be handed a fine of up to £2,500 and three penalty points.
Among the other changes, more attention will be paid to steering systems, reversing lights and brake discs. Diesel drivers also face stricter testing under the changes which makes it harder for the cars to pass.
The new rules apply to diesel vehicles which has a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) fitted. If it has found to be removed or tampered with then the car will immediately fail. In addition to this, if the car’s exhaust produces smoke of any colour then the car will immediately fail.
Read about the full list of MOT test changes here.
Changes to the driving theory test were also introduced last month.
New computer-generated imagery (CGI) clips have been added to the theory test in different driving conditions such as rain, sleet, snow or fog.
They have been introduced to better equip new motorists to deal with difficult road conditions that may not be possible to experience during your lessons.
Young drivers are typically the highest risk group on the roads.
Lerner drivers were allowed to take motorway driving lessons from June 4th.
The learner will need to be accompanied by an approved instructor in car displaying L plates with dual-controls.
These lessons will not be mandatory and will be down to the deriving instructor to decided whether or not a learner should take them.
Learner drivers may never experience motorway driving until after they gave passed the practical test, which is why this options has been introduced.
You can now face a fine if you drive on the hard shoulder of a motorway when the lane is closed.
Ignoring the red X signs on the smart motorway gantry can land you a £100 fine and three penalty points.
Driving too close to a cyclist
Motorists that are caught driving too close to a cyclist can be fined £100.
The new law was introduced to protect cyclists and reduce the number of riders injured or killed on the roads.
Motorists are required to be at least 1.5-metres away from a cyclist when passing or overtaking.
If a driver fails to comply with this rule then they can face the fine and three penalty points.
Daily Express :: Cars Feed