The researchers found the presence of swollen joints, morning stiffness and bone erosions were “the most efficient predictors of future development” of rheumatoid arthritis.
As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders, explains the Mayo Clinic.
“In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body,” says the health body.
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- Salivary glands
- Nerve tissue
- Bone marrow
- Blood vessels.
Am I at risk?
There are several things that may increase your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
According to the NHS, there’s some evidence that rheumatoid arthritis can run in families, although the risk of inheriting it is believed to be low as genes are only thought to play a small role in the condition.
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- Hormones – rheumatoid arthritis is more common in women than men, which may be because of the effects of the hormone oestrogen, although this link has not been proven
- Smoking – some evidence suggests that people who smoke have an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
Can it be treated?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis but there are proven ways to alleviate symptoms.
Exercise can seem off-putting if you are experiencing joint problems but it has been shown to offer direct benefits.
Research shows that exercise helps to relieve rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and improve day-to-day functioning.
The Arthritis Foundation (AF) explains: “Aquatic exercises are especially gentle on painful joints because water helps to support your weight, which reduces joint stress, and exercising in warm water helps to reduce stiffness.”
According to the AF, water also provides a natural resistance so you can get an aerobic and strengthening workout.
The health body adds: “Use water weights for more of a challenge.”
“Try to get plenty of sleep in order to cope with daily activities,” advises the NRAS.
“You should expect to experience some muscle soreness when you start new exercise regimes; this is quite normal and is a sign that your muscles are adapting to the new activity.”
If you need more guidance, a physiotherapist is a good person to advise you on suitable types of exercise, adds the NHS.