Sunburn is an inflammatory reaction to ultraviolet (UV) radiation damage to the skin’s outer layers. At the heart of it all is melanin, a pigment that gives your skin its colour and defends against the sun’s strong rays. Melanin works by darkening your unprotected sun-exposed skin, and the amount your body produces is determined by genetics – which explains why some people burn and others tan. But both are signs of cell damage to the skin, and sunburns can range from mild to full-blown blistering.
How to treat sunburn
Baking soda and oats
Baking soda is, basically, a miracle cure for anything and everything, and it turns out sunburn is no different.
Throw a few heaped teaspoons of baking soda into a bathtub of cool water and soak in it for about 20 minutes, which helps to minimise sun damage.
Adding a cup of oats to the bath also soothes irritation and helps the skin retain its natural moisture.
But don’t scrub your skin either in the bath or when you’re out, and dab yourself with a soft, dry towel rather than rubbing.
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Chamomile tea isn’t just good for soothing a stressed mind or unwinding after a long day – it’s excellent for sunburned skin.
Brew the tea as you normally would and let it fully cool down, you can pop it in the fridge to speed this up.
When it’s ready, soak a washcloth in the tea and apply it all over the affected areas.
However, if you’re allergic to pollen then don’t use this treatment as it could cause an allergic reaction within the skin.
Cucumbers and tomatoes
They aren’t just a salad staple – both tomatoes and cucumbers help relieve discomfort and inflammation.
Rub chilled slices of cucumber on your skin burn to relieve the pain, and once they heat up, flip it over and use the cooler side.
You can also apply tomato slices to soothe a bad burn, but eating them helps protect you against future burning too.
Studies have shown that eating tomatoes helps protect you against UV rays.
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed