Germany’s calamitous defeat in World War I was still affecting their economy and lives well into the 1920s. There were divisions among the left and right and no economic boom. A group of influential German politicians met at the Chancellery on January 30th 1933 to talk about where Germany would be going next.
Among them were the President of The Republic Paul von Hindenburg (84), Franz von Papen (67), the former chancellor and 54-year old right wing press baron Alfred Hugenberg, 43, and Adolf Hitler, 43, who was leader of the National Sociist German Workers Party – which is the largest party within the Reichstag – the Leader of the Socialist German Workers’ Party.
They were absent from representatives of other German parties, including the Communists or the Catholics.
Hitler stood about to be elected chancellor. He promised not to use any future elections to modify the Cabinet’s composition. However, he revealed to other men that he had already planned to win the next vote in order to transform Germany into a one party state.
There was not a noticeable change in the mood of the German people when Hitler was appointed.
It all began: the National Socialists won an election and passed the Enabling Act, which allowed them to abolish the Constitution. They also appointed their men to lead the federal states.
There is no way back.
Peter Fritzsche provides a detailed overview on how Germany was overthrown by the Nazis.
His claim of responsibility for the Reichstag Fire being a conspiracy to endanger national security is something I disagree with.
The majority of German historians agree that Marinus van den Lubbe was the one who started the fire. He was a Dutch communist and was executed for his troubles.
This is the case as presented in Sven Felix Kellerhoff’s 2008 book Die Reichstagsbrand, and it was confirmed by Sir Ian Kershaw.
Publiated at Sun 29 August 2021, 23:01:00, +0000