Almost all are on contracts under the agenda for change system introduced in 2004 to bring together different pay scales across the NHS.
A newly qualified nurse with under two years’ of experience earns £27,055 in England, with a top-up for those working in London.
It then rises to £29,180 before increasing to £32,934 after four years in the job.
A senior nurse, such as a modern matron, earns £48,526, rising to £54,619 after five years.
The Royal College of Nursing estimates that the average salary for an NHS nurse is around £34,000.