Sustainable concrete is concerned with all aspects of a concrete structure throughout its lifetime, including materials, design, construction, conservation, intervention, demolition
The construction is one of the most important industries that has significantly contributed towards the country’s socio-economic development. Traditional Concrete structures are associated with significant amounts of carbon emissions at various stages, including material manufacture, construction, and operation. For a long time, this was thought to be inevitable since concrete was essential to the construction industry and was inextricably linked to human prosperity. However, in order to achieve a carbon-neutral economy, we must prioritise concrete structures that reduce carbon emissions over cost. One of the important environment friendly construction methods is using sustainable concrete.
Sustainable concrete is concerned with all aspects of a concrete structure throughout its lifetime, including materials, design, construction, conservation, intervention, demolition, reuse, and recycling, all of which will necessitate the use of cutting-edge technologies. Sustainable concrete construction is a step towards greener and more environmentally friendly concrete construction practices in order to reduce global environmental problems. Instead of traditional concrete, landscape designers and architects experts recommend using fly ash, a byproduct of thermal power plants, as a cementing material. The use of recycled materials such as crushed glass and woodchips reduces the production and consumption of cement, lowering the carbon footprint. Green building is one of the concept plays important role in reducing carbon footprint in construction industry.
Green building, through its design and construction, has a positive impact on climates and the natural environment. It consumes less energy, water, and natural resources, generates less waste, and is healthier than traditional construction. Low maintenance and operational costs, energy efficiency, improved indoor environment quality, water efficiency, better health, material efficiency, a cleaner environment, and less strain on local resources are all advantages of green building construction. Green architecture can help to reduce the use of natural resources and fuels, as well as improve water and material efficiencies and air quality both inside and outside of structures. Thus, a green or sustainable building is the result of a design philosophy that holistically focuses on increasing the efficiency of the resources used, namely energy, water, and materials, while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment during the building lifecycle through better sitting, design, and construction. Another sustainable option is to use permeable concrete in the ground, which allows for more water infiltration and subsequent recycling of aggregate material. Self-maintaining or self-healing concrete is an engineered microbial glue that can repair cracks in concrete and is applied as a spray. The use of geopolymer technology in construction has significantly reduced cement consumption, resulting in significant reductions in carbon pollution. Furthermore, geopolymer cements are being deployed to improve structural performance by enhancing durability and compressive strength, improving resistance to acid, and structural performance under elevated temperature curing conditions, in order to address concerns raised by the disposal of industrial materials by processing and repurposing them in geopolymer production. To improve the carbon footprint of new buildings, producers and contractors alike are now increasingly being expected to preserve natural resources while continuing to produce quality products, and are, as a result, looking for construction methods, practises, and products that will improve the sustainability of new buildings and infrastructure. Finally, the use of recycled or waste materials in the concrete industry is a viable option for achieving global sustainable development goals.
Keeping in mind the environment obligation every citizen possessing, our smart cities concept and all other ongoing construction and upcoming constructions projects should use imperatively environment friendly construction methods to play the part in reducing carbon footprint in the country.