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Today, Britain warned the EU that it is prepared to walk away from post-Brexit trade talks in just in just four months if the bloc does not agree to the UK’s demands by then. In the UK’s negotiating mandate, published earlier this morning, Boris Johnson made clear he wants to see the “broad outline” of a Canada-style deal by June. If not, the Government will then switch its attention to exiting the transition period without one at the end of the year.
The 30-page document, which follows the publication of the EU’s mandate earlier this week, puts huge pressure on Brussels to agree to Mr Johnson’s trade vision.
While the move is set to be subject to criticism, it can be argued that Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher would have seen it as “the smartest thing to do”.
In her 2002 book “Statecraft”, the Iron Lady claimed only “credible threats of disruption” yield results in the bloc.
She wrote: “We can see that any concessions which Britain makes, or initiatives which she promotes, in Europe are always turned against her and against the original intention.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson
“The style, tone and temperament of the British Government may change.
“But attempts to find a modus vivid with Europe in any major policy area always fail sooner or later.”
She added: “Only credible threats of disruption – like mine in the early Eighties – yield results.
“And these, though they can secure important gains, are still unable to shift the direction in which Europe as a whole is going.”
Baroness Thatcher famously negotiated a reduction of two-thirds of the UK’s net contribution in 1984, on the grounds that agricultural subsidies favoured small farmers and Britain has very few.
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EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier
Former Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
She banged on the table and demanded “our own money back'” during a summit with European leaders in Fontainebleau, France.
Her “correction” is arguably still a symbol of EU resistance.
According to newspaper columnist Rod Liddle, the reason why former Prime Minister Theresa May failed to deliver Brexit is because her strongest weapon – the threat of a no deal divorce – was effectively taken away from her.
In his 2019 book “The Great Betrayal”, Mr Liddle said: “Theresa May’s most crucial bargaining chip – we will leave with no deal – was rendered impotent by the actions of members of her own Cabinet and especially the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
“The correct approach to negotiations would’ve been to explain to Barnier et al at the outset: ‘’We are leaving the EU.’
“’We are perfectly happy to do so with no deal other than a WTO deal, and pay you nothing whatsoever.’
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Former Prime Minister Theresa May
“‘But you are our friends and allies and we would like to be helpful…’ ”
However, Mr Liddle noted that Mrs May could could scarcely use the threat of no deal – which would be gravely injurious to countries within the EU – because the threat was palpably false.
He explained: “At various stages, over the course of 18 months, when May and her team left for negotiations, Philip Hammond, the Chancellor, would state either that there was no possibility of a no deal Brexit, or that a no deal Brexit would mean planes won’t be able to take off or that the economy would be ruined.
“Fellow front-bench Remainers echoed these remarks and added a few of their own.
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond
“Seen from the EU perspective, this made it clear that ‘no deal’ was a paper tiger.
“It should have been the starting point from which negotiations proceeded and of course, Hammond should have been asked.
“In short, May’s strongest weapon was effectively taken away from her.”
Mr Hammond resigned as Chancellor hours before Mr Johnson became Prime Minister in July.
In December, Downing Street inserted a clause into the Withdrawal Agreement Bill that rules out extending Britain’s trade negotiations with the EU beyond the end of 2020.
This means that if Britain and the EU cannot close a deal, according to UK law, the country will have to leave the bloc without an agreement on trade terms.