The three main symptoms of bowel cancer can also be caused by other health problems, so it’s important to get checked by your GP.
The symptoms are:
• persistent blood in your poo
• a persistent change in your bowel habit (usually having to poo more and your poo may also become more runny)
• persistent lower abdominal (tummy) pain, bloating or discomfort – that’s always caused by eating and may be associated with loss of appetite or significant unintentional weight loss
If you are experiencing these symptoms, you need to consider the other symptoms.
For example, blood in the poo when accompanied with pain or soreness is more often caused by piles than bowel cancer.
A change in bowel habit or abdominal pain is normally caused by something you have eaten and isn’t associated with bowel cancer.
If you start going to the toilet less often and your poo is harder, this is normally nothing serious.
However, take these symptoms more seriously if you are approaching the age of 60.
If you have one or more of the symptoms of bowel cancer and they have persisted for more than a month, you should see your GP.
Your doctor might examine your tummy and bottom to make sure there are no lumps.
They may then arrange for a blood test to check for iron-deficiency anaemia, which will reveal whether there’s any bleeding from your bowel.
Alternatively, you could be sent to the hospital to have a test to make sure there is no serious cause for these symptoms, including bowel cancer.
Reducing your risk of bowel cancer
Scientists believe that just over half of all bowel cancers could be prevented by leading a healthier lifestyle.
Bowel Cancer UK advises changing your diet to avoid processed meat and limit red meat.
Add plenty of fibre from wholegrain, pulses, fruit and vegetables, and stay hydrated.
This should help you lose weight, which will also reduce your risk of bowel cancer.
Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of cancer, with more than 10 percent of bowel cancers in the UK are linked to being overweight or obese.
Cut down your portion sizes, avoid sugar drinks, alcohol and snacking to lose weight.
Physical activity will help you on your journey, so try to do at least half an hour of exercise a day five times a week.