China has decided not to set an economic growth target for 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic and global uncertainties, a Bloomberg TV journalist said in a tweet on Friday, citing a Bloomberg News report. The information was obtained through a China parliament report seen by Bloomberg News, the tweet said, without providing any further details. Haidi Lun Stroud-Watts wrote: “China abandons 2020 GDP target, citing virus and global uncertainties, according to NPC report seen by Bloomberg.”
China’s government has instead set a target of creating nine million new jobs, according to the South China Morning Post.
This is compared to 11 million last year.
The target for consumer price index (CPI) growth for the year is around 3.5 per cent, which is higher than the three per cent last year.
Beijing has also set a local special bond quota at 3.75 trillion yuan (US$ 527 billion), compared to 2.15 trillion yuan last year.
China has abandoned its 2020 GDP target over coronavirus fears
China will issue one trillion yuan in special Treasury bonds, to tackle a fiscal deficit ratio of 3.6 per cent, compared to 2.8 per cent last year.
A report of the National People’s Congress, seen by the South China Morning Post, said: “We have not set the specific [gross domestic product] target mainly due to the global pandemic and big uncertainties in the economy and trade.”
The GDP announcement was reportedly expected in some quarters, as the economy contracted by 6.8 per cent in the first quarter of 2020 ,compared to a year earlier.
The economy has been under huge pressure from the coronavirus pandemic.
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Li’s report did not offer “anything too out of the ordinary”
“We have not set a specific target for economic growth for the year, mainly because the global epidemic situation and economic and trade situation are very uncertain, and China’s development is facing some unpredictable factors,” Li said at the start of the parliament meeting.
Domestic consumption, investment and exports are falling, and the pressure on employment is rising significantly, while financial risks are mounting, he warned.
Ahead of the National People’s Congress, China’s top leaders have promised to boost stimulus to bolster the virus-ravaged economy.
This is amid rising worries that job losses could threaten social stability.
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China is targeting a 2020 budget deficit of at least 3.6 percent of GDP
Li’s report did not offer “anything too out of the ordinary,” said Nie Wen, economist at Shanghai-based Hwabao Trust.
He added: “Reinforcing views that China would not resort to mass stimulus that some market players have been betting on.”
Nie expects GDP growth to slow sharply this year to around 2 percent or 3 percent from last year’s 6.1 percent.
Louis Kuijs of Oxford Economics in Hong Kong said Beijing worries about excessive debt and financial instability.
China has front-loaded a quota of 2.29 trillion yuan in local-government special bonds
But he added that Li’s “sizeable overall fiscal-deficit target indicates significant policy support for the domestic recovery that we expect to continue despite the challenging external background.”
Local government bonds could be mainly used to fund infrastructure projects, while special treasury bonds could be used to support firms and regions hit by the outbreak.
China has front-loaded a quota of 2.29 trillion yuan in local-government special bonds in 2020.
Local governments have also issued 1.2 trillion yuan in special bonds in the first four months, according to the finance ministry.