Coronavirus rates in England have allowed the Government to steadily dial back their lockdown measures, giving more people the freedom to meet family and friends or go shopping. The latest changes have come to England as a whole, with the Government threatening to wield it’s “whack-a-mole” local restrictions if rates picked up once again. The strategy saw its first test earlier this week, as Leicester reported a hefty increase in infections, leading officials to reinstitute past measures.
Where are coronavirus cases spiking in the UK?
One of the favoured approaches used to measure COVID-19 cases is by evaluating the number of infections per 100,000 people.
Rather than showing how many people the virus could infect, this value reveals how many cases have emerged already.
Cities, counties and boroughs all have individual values assigned to them using these calculations.
Some 18 of them have recorded a rate which exceeds 20 per 100,000, according to data for the week ending June 21.
Coronavirus rates in England: Full list of where COVID-19 is rising
The following areas have exceeded 20 cases per 100,000 people:
- Leicester 140.2
- Bradford 69.4
- Barnsley 54.7
- Rochdale 53.6
- Bedford 42.0
- Oldham 38.6
- Rotherham 33.6
- Tameside 33.3
- Blackburn with Darwen 32.9
- Kirklees 30.3
- Peterborough 27.9
- Luton 26.6
- Derby 24.5
- Hull 22.6
- Manchester 21.6
- Southend-on-Sea 20.8
- Leicestershire 20.8
- Sheffield 20.6
Government officials previously relied on the much-popularised “R” rate, a numerical value which evaluates how many people one infected person could pass the virus to in public.
A rate of one suggests the virus could pass to one other person, and is considered high enough to warrant stricter measures.
Broad estimations suggest the UK as a whole is at a rate between 0.7 to 1, but this varies by region.
Recently, officials have put less emphasis on using the value, however, leaning instead on hospital admissions and the value per 100,000.
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Coronavirus rates in England: Officials have changed the way they measure infections recently
Speaking in the second week of June, a senior Government scientist warned the value painted a less nuanced picture as cases declined.
From the week following, officials started including growth rates in its daily information handouts.
They provide a slightly more optimistic picture, measuring how the virus has receded rather than its onslaught.
The newfound state of flux which defines the waning pandemic is better defined with the growth rate as well.
Coronavirus rates in England: Coronavirus rates across the UK
Speaking to the Daily Telegraph, a Government spokesman said the growth rate forms a vital part of evaluating the disease.
They said: “R estimates do not tell us how quickly an epidemic is changing and different diseases with the same R can result in epidemics that grow at very different speeds.
“For instance, a disease with R=2 with infection lasting years will grow much more slowly than a disease with R=2 with infection lasting days.
“Growth rates provide us with different information to R estimates, by informing us of the size and speed of change, whereas R-value only gives us information on the direction of change.”