One of the best-known structures in the world, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three colossal structures that still stand intact today. Built for the Pharaoh Khufu, many Egyptologists agree the pyramid was built over a period of 20 years, around 2560BC, in what is known as the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. But, historian Matthew Sibson is challenging everything experts have told us, after spotting several anomalies.
Mr Sibson, who runs YouTube channel “Ancient Architects,” says the so-called “Great Pyramid” was actually much smaller when it was first built and was renovated either in the 18th or 26th Dynasty.
He said last week: “Maybe we’ve all got the age of the Giza Pyramids completely wrong and the reason they are so perfect is that they were the latest to be built and not the earliest.
“I’ve previously raised the possibility that the Great Pyramid could actually be a state period rebuild.
“But now I really am questioning everything, because we know the Giza underwent tremendous rebuilding work in both the 18th and 26th Dynasty, just look at the work done on the Great Sphinx.
The Giza Complex still stands mostly intact today
The Sphinx has shown signs of wearing
Maybe we’ve all got the age of the Giza Pyramids completely wrong
“The idea that the Great Pyramid was enlarged in later dynastic history is something rarely discussed, because to most people it seems crazy.
“But unlike the Sphinx, the Great Pyramid does not show extreme signs of weathering and although radiocarbon dating does sometimes give dates hundreds of years older than the official age, there are none for thousands of years.”
Mr Sibson pointed out that the Pharaoh Khufu was worshipped for more than 2,000 years after his death, meaning ancient Egyptians may have been inspired to rebuild his final resting spot.
He added: “Why were the pyramids not depicted in any art before the 18th Dynasty? Why are ancient references either non-existent or extremely cryptic?
“Maybe it’s because during the Old Kingdom these structures were in an earlier, smaller and less significant phase and were nothing particularly special or unique.
READ MORE: Egypt mystery: ‘Astonishing’ discovery in new pyramid site baffles experts
Inside the Queen’s Chamber
“We cannot underestimate the volume of work done to the sites in the Middle and the New Kingdom.
“The Great Pyramid is a structure that is clearly riddled with anomalies, and what people don’t know is that the court of Khufu was huge and it lived on way after his death, through the Middle and the New Kingdom, and all the way up to the 26th Dynasty and beyond.
“Just because his name is painted on stone, does not mean it had to have been done during his reign, they may have been built far later in history to pay homage to Khufu.”
But, Mr Sibson thinks he has some solid evidence to back up his claims, and it comes from the Queen’s Chamber, located at the bottom of the structure.
He thinks this was the original pyramid construction, which was modified to become the foundation of a much larger pyramid later on.
End of the world: How archaeologist discovered ‘real Maayan doomsday’ [VIDEO]
Mayan DISCOVERY: How find in ancient city ‘reveals creation story’ [CLAIM]
Egypt: How ‘greatest archaeological find of all time’ stunned expert [REVEALED]
Mr Sibson’s phase one theory
What may have happened later on
He continued: “The Queen’s Chamber is a huge anomaly, why is there a secondary so-called burial chamber? Why doesn’t it have its original floor and where is the sarcophagus?
“Why were the so-called air shafts closed up on the inside? Why did these not extend to the outside of the pyramid?
“The ones in the King’s Chamber were not, and this has a complete granite floor and sarcophagus.
“Maybe the Queens Chamber was part of the smaller structure, which was enlarged into the Great Pyramid.
“We know that there are many sand-filled cavities around the Queen’s Chamber, which may have been used to fill gaps to create a more solid structure.”
The sites of Ancient Egypt
Mr Sibson showed in his video why he thought parts of the Queen’s Chamber had been removed to make the King’s Chamber at a later date.
For now, though, it’s just a theory, and a controversial one to say the least.
It’s not the only part of the pyramid that experts squabble over, though.
The Great Pyramid consists of an estimated 2.3 million blocks which most believe to have been transported from nearby quarries.
Many disagree on whether the blocks were dragged, lifted, or even rolled into place.
The Greeks believed that slave labour was used, but modern discoveries made at nearby workers’ camps associated with construction at Giza suggest that it was built instead by thousands of skilled workers.