The phases unfold as the amount of sunlight falling on the MOON’s Earth-facing side changes.
“The rest of the month we see parts of the daytime side of the MOON, or phases.”
“Over time these names have become widely known and used.
“According to this almanac, as the Full MOON in September and the last Full MOON of summer, the Algonquin tribes in what is now the northeastern USA called this the Corn MOON, as this was the time for gathering their main staple crops of corn, pumpkins, squash, beans, and wild rice.”
The lunar phase corresponds with the Honey Offering Festival, which is a Buddhist celebration.
Mr Johnston said: “This festival is tied to a legend that an elephant and a monkey fed the Buddha when he was in the forest to bring peace between two factions, with the elephant offering fruit and the monkey offering a honeycomb.