Home Science meaning: Why is September's the Corn ?

meaning: Why is September's the Corn ?

Because the does not shine with its own light, it goes through eight distinct phases throughout the .

The phases unfold as the amount of sunlight falling on the ’s Earth-facing side changes.

s fall in the middle of this cycle, and the eight phases in order are New , Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, , Waning Gibbous, Last Quarter and Waning Crescent.

The US space agency NASA said: “When sunlight hits off the ’s far side — the side we can’t see without from Earth the aid of a spacecraft — it is a New .

“When sunlight reflects off the near side, we call it a .

“The rest of the month we see parts of the daytime side of the , or phases.”

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Lunar expert Gordon Johnston of NASA said: “The Maine Farmer’s Almanac first published Native American names for the s in the 1930s.

“Over time these names have become widely known and used.

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“According to this almanac, as the in September and the last of summer, the Algonquin tribes in what is now the northeastern USA this the Corn , as this was the time for gathering their main staple crops of corn, pumpkins, squash, beans, and wild rice.”

In Europe, this is also known as the Barley , and in Thailand, it is the Modhu Purnima or Honey .

The lunar phase corresponds with the Honey Offering Festival, which is a Buddhist celebration.

Mr Johnston said: “This festival is tied to a legend that an elephant and a monkey fed the Buddha when he was in the forest to bring peace between two factions, with the elephant offering fruit and the monkey offering a honeycomb.

“In Sri Lanka, this is the Binara Pura Pasalosvaka Poya Day, commemorating the establishment of the Buddhist Bhikkhuni Order.”

More modern lunar names include GRAIL and LADEE , which stand for NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory and Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer respectively.

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