NASA has demonstrated the true power of the Hubble Space Telescope by releasing an image which shows the marvels of the Universe. The image, called the Galactic Treasure Chest, shows 41 star clusters, which each contain billions upon billions of stars.
In the image, there are galaxies, clusters of galaxies and shining bright stars.
NASA said of the 2018 image: “Galaxies abound in this spectacular Hubble image; spiral arms swirl in all colours and orientations, and fuzzy ellipticals can be seen speckled across the frame as softly glowing smudges on the sky. Each visible speck of a galaxy is home to countless stars.
“A few stars closer to home shine brightly in the foreground, while a massive galaxy cluster nestles at the very centre of the image; an immense collection of maybe thousands of galaxies, all held together by the relentless force of gravity.”
However, NASA has now “sonified” the image by applying a different frequency to each object in the image.
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NASA releases ‘sound of space’ as agency places music to Hubble image
Hubble has provided some stunning images including this of the Orion Nebula
The entities at the top of the image have a higher frequency and a lower frequency for those at the bottom.
The result is almost exactly what you would expect deep space to sound like – even though there is no sound in space – with a series of futuristic bleeps and bloops.
NASA said: “Space becomes ‘sonified’ in this visualization of a cluster of galaxies imaged by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope.
“Time flows left to right, and the frequency of sound changes from bottom to top, ranging from 30 to 1,000.
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“Most of the visible specks are galaxies housing countless stars. A few individual stars shine brightly in the foreground. Stars and compact galaxies create short, clear tones, while sprawling spiral galaxies emit longer notes that change pitch.
“The higher density of galaxies near the center of the image — the heart of this galaxy cluster, known as RXC J0142.9+4438 — results in a swell of mid-range tones halfway through the video.”
The Hubble Space Telescope will be retired in the coming year, with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) taking its place in 2021.
The JWST is so powerful it will reach back to the furthest realms and the earliest moments of the universe.
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JWST, which is named after NASA’s second administrator James Webb who served from 1961 to 1968 and played a major part in the Apollo missions, has the capability of scanning thousands of planets for alien life – even though those planets are thousands of light-years away.
One of the major differences between Hubble and JWST will be how far back in time it will be able to see.
Hubble can see far into space and is essentially looking back in time as light travels to the craft.
Through Hubble, experts have been able to view the formation of the first galaxies, about one billion years after the Big Bang.
However, as JWST is much more powerful, it will be able to see just 0.3 billion years after the Big Bang to when visible light itself was beginning to form.