Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland. The prostate is a small gland at the base of the bladder. It’s about the size of a walnut but it does get bigger as men age. Initial symptoms of prostate cancer tend to show up once the prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the penis. If the cancer has spread, the symptoms can become more pronounced. Noticing a new strange habit in the evening could be an early sign of the deadly condition.
Prostate cancer is a serious disease that affects thousands of men each year and sadly the numbers are growing.
The prostate is regulated by the hormone testosterone and produces seminal fluid, also known as semen.
Semen is the substance containing super that exits the urethra during ejaculation.
When an abnormal, malignant growth of cells forms in the prostate, it’s called prostate cancer.
This cancer can spread to other areas of the body and spotting the early warning signs is crucial.
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Some forms of prostate cancer are non-aggressive so may not have any major signs.
However, advanced prostate cancer often causes symptoms. Symptoms of the disease could include urinary problems, sexual problems and pain and numbness.
A new habit of needing to urinate at night is also a warning sign and should not be ignored, according to the NHS.
Urinary problems are a common symptom because the prostate is located beneath the bladder and it surrounds the urethra.
Due to its location, if a tutor grows on the prostate, it can press on the bladder or urethra and cause problems.
These problems include a frequent need to urinate, a stream that’s slower than normal and bleeding when urinating.
Due to the enlarged prostate, a man will often feel the need to urinate at night and might have difficulty with sleeping due to this.
What are the causes and risk factors for prostate cancer?
There is no cause for prostate cancer, according to leading health experts.
Like all cancers it could be caused by many things from family history to exposure to certain chemicals.
The disease could occur in any man but those at highest risk of prostate cancer include the elderly, those with a family history of prostate cancer, certain ethnicities, overweight men and genetic changes.
Screening for prostate cancer
Screening for prostate cancer often depends upon your own personal preferences.
This is largely because most prostate cancers grow slowly and don’t cause any health problems, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source.
It’s also because the results from the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, which can be part of the screening, may lead to a misdiagnosis of cancer.
For both of these reasons, screening could cause unnecessary worry and unneeded treatment.