R-rate reaches 1 in UK – what does this mean? Covid cases on rise amid fears of lockdown 2

3 min


94
13 shares, 94 points

The all-important R rate for coronavirus is now over one in all four UK nations, according to a new study. The reproduction number is 1.3 in England, 1.2 in Scotland and Wales, and 1.1 in Northern Ireland based on unofficial data from a Government-funded app in which users self-report COVID-19 symptoms.

{%=o.title%}

]]>

The study’s latest prevalence figures estimate that 35,248 people currently have coronavirus and are symptomatic – a rise of over 10,000 cases since last week.

The figure last week was 22,040.

It also suggests the UK averaged 3,610 new cases every day in the two weeks leading up to September 6 – this is a significant increase from 1,974 only a week ago.

Incidence rates are currently higher in the North of England, the Midlands and Northern Ireland, while the South West and the East of England have the lowest levels, according to the data.

R-rate reaches 1 in UK – what does this mean? Covid cases on rise amid fears of lockdown 2

COVID R RATE: Cases have spiked in recent weeks (Image: GETTY)

R-rate reaches 1 in UK – what does this mean? Covid cases on rise amid fears of lockdown 2

COVID R RATE: Coronavirus is now spreading throughtout the UK again (Image: GETTY)

What is R value?

R0, or R naught, refers to the average number of people that one sick person goes on to infect in a group that has no immunity.

Scientists use it to predict how far and how fast a disease will spread, and the number can also inform policy decisions about how to contain an outbreak.

A given pathogen’s R value changes with place and time and is dependent upon cirumstances – for example, the national lockdown earlier this year caused the R rate to drop.

R-rate reaches 1 in UK – what does this mean? Covid cases on rise amid fears of lockdown 2

COVID R RATE: Boris Johnson implemented new measures to stop further spread this week (Image: PA)

What does a R of more than 1 mean?

A R rate of more than one means the virus is spreading exponentially within the community.

An R value of one means the average person who gets that disease will transmit it to one other person; in that case, the disease is spreading at a stable rate.

An R of more than one means the disease spreads exponentially – so for example, if the R rate is 2, this means for each one person with the disease, two more people will become infected.

DON’T MISS
Lockdown rules: Who and where is exempt from new lockdown rules? [INSIGHT]

Coronavirus: How many cases are needed to trigger a local lockdown? [ANALYSIS]
Government test and trace app sent me 434 MILES to Inverness [COMMENT]

Which areas have high R rates?

A spokesperson for the app said: “The Covid Symptom Study app’s watchlist this week sees three regions in North Ireland on the watchlist – Belfast, Lisburn and Castlereagh, and Ards and North Down.

“There are four regions in Scotland in the top ten this week, all of which are local to the Glasgow area.

“In England, the regions on the watchlist are all major cities in the North of England; Bolton, Manchester and Liverpool which is in line with the higher incidence rates in those areas.”

R-rate reaches 1 in UK – what does this mean? Covid cases on rise amid fears of lockdown 2

COVID R RATE: Various areas are at risk of local lockdowns currently (Image: PA)

The app estimates a percentage of each local authority’s population who have COVID-19 and are displaying symptoms, but it is based on users who voluntarily download it and report symptoms.

The app has been downloaded by almost four million people.

It does not indicate the number of recorded cases of coronavirus, but predicts where they might be expected to appear based on the number of people reporting symptoms in a specific areas.

Funded by the UK Government, it was launched by health science company Zoe with scientific analysis provided by King’s College London, and it has received £2million in funding.

Said to be the world’s largest ongoing study of coronavirus, its aim is to identify places where cases appear to be increasing, helping authorities and the Government see where help is needed to curb the spread most.

Source:Daily Express :: UK Feed


Like it? Share with your friends!

94
13 shares, 94 points

What's Your Reaction?

hate hate
8
hate
confused confused
20
confused
fail fail
14
fail
fun fun
12
fun
geeky geeky
10
geeky
love love
4
love
lol lol
6
lol
omg omg
20
omg
win win
14
win

Read exclusive latest news on entertainment, music, gaming and more topics with unprecedented coverage from around the UK and US.

0 Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.