Space breakthrough: Existence of Planet X ‘99% likely’ as search intensifies

4 min


Existence of Planet X: For the past few years American astronomers have said they believe a ninth planet exists at the outer edges of our Solar System. Despite their “strong evidence” no one has actually seen the planet yet. This hasn’t stopped astronomers from believing it almost definitely exists.

Researchers have well-documented studies showing other objects in space being affected by some other “thing” – an effect which has been attributed to Planet X also called Planet Nine.

More recently, researchers at Yale University have started to think and construct new ways to identify the currently invisible globe.

Advertisements

They hope to use telescopes to look at the night sky in a different light, using a “shifting and stacking” technique that could help aid the hunt.

Even without photographic or physical evidence for the planet – which is thought to exist farther than Pluto – many scientists have expressed their definitive belief in the planet’s being.

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

Space: Planet X is 99.9% certain to exist according to one astronomer (Image: GETTY)

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

Solar system: Our solar system has currently only eight known planets (Image: GETTY)

Konstantin Batygin, a Russian-American astronomer and Professor of Planetary Sciences at Caltech university, last year went as far as to say he thinks the probability that Planet X exists is 99.9 percent certain.

Speaking during a documentary on science channel Veritasium, Prof Batygin, when asked if he still believed the planet existed with a probability of 99.8 percent chance, he replied: “Something like that, yeah.

“In fact, now, I’d pushed it higher – to 99.9 percent probability.”

Advertisements

However, a colleague of Prof Batygin immediately said: “I mean, this is wishful thinking.

“If you’re that sure, find it!”

JUST INFireball explodes over northwest America – ‘Biggest I have ever seen’

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

Planets: The solar systems known planets as according to their place in space (Image: GETTY)

Prof Batygin is one of the main proponents and researchers probing the Planet X in the astronomy field.

Other scientists, who have worked alongside him and independently, believe existence of Planet X is ten times bigger than Earth.

It also looks as if it could be 20 times further away than Neptune.

Advertisements

This means that it has a really long orbit – every loop it takes around the sun would take between 10,000 and 20,000 years.

The early roots for the existence of Planet X can be found in 1781, when Uranus was first discovered by William Herschel.

When the astronomer discovered the planet he immediately realised that the “star” moving across the sky had been imaged many times before.

DON’T MISS

China space race: Beijing launches three newly developed SPY satellite [REPORT]
Fireball video: Western America spots ‘most amazing’ meteor [INSIGHT]
Space Crew Switch review: Should you boldly go for new strategy game? 
[ANALYSIS] 

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

William Herschel: The astronomer’s reflecting telescope with focal length of 40 feet, 1809 (Image: GETTY)

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

Advertisements

Urbain Le Verrier: The French mathematician solved the problem of Uranus’ irregular orbit (Image: GETTY)

To understand why this was, Mr Herschel went back to old observations, retracing the orbit that Uranus had been following before its discovery.

Astronomers and mathematicians of the time noticed a discrepancy with the orbit of the newly discovered planet: it was deviating from the route it was supposed to follow.

The French mathematician, Urbain Le Verrier some years later devised a set of some of the most complicated calculations of his time in a bid to solve Uranus’ orbit question.

He said a hidden, not yet discovered, planet would explain Uranus’ odd orbit – this led to the discovery within one night of the eighth planet, Neptune.

A similar discrepancy with Neptune, as well as other planets in the outer regions of our Solar System, has now led scientists to believe that a ninth planet – Planet X – does in fact exist.

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

Existence of Planet X: The rogue planet could be up to ten times heavier than Earth (Image: Express Newspapers)

Existence of Planet X

Meanwhile, at Yale, Malena Rice, an astronomy PhD student, along with astronomy professor Greg Laughlin, found “dim” signals of three known trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) – small bodies that circle the sun beyond Neptune’s orbit – using shifted images captured by NASA‘s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).

Ms Rice said: “If even one of these candidate objects is real, it would help us to understand the dynamics of the outer solar system and the likely properties of Planet Nine – It’s compelling new information.”

Ms Rice said: “If even one of these candidate objects is real, it would help us to understand the dynamics of the outer solar system and the likely properties of Planet Nine,” Rice said. “It’s compelling new information.”

Despite the mounting evidence for a ninth planet, many scientists are hesitant in agreeing with Prof Batygin’s research.

Ethan Siegel, an American theoretical astrophysicist who specialises in Big Bang theory, for example, claims that the surveys used to identify evidence for Planet X don’t go deep enough.

Countdown blunder: Rachel Riley's huge mistake after replacing Carol Vorderman exposed

Science news: The planet’s conditions would be icy cold with little to no atmosphere (Image: GETTY)

In a 2018 Forbes piece, Mr Siegel praised Prof Batygin’s work, describing the increased observations of a ninth planet as promising.

However, he argued that the Trans-Neptunian objects observed, and their orbits that Planet X would be responsible for, ought to be located in a particular region of the sky, rather than sporadically appearing.

He says these detections Prof Batygin and his colleagues have made are perhaps not anything unusually, but, in fact, “more likely that you’re (Batygin et al) the victim of phenomenon called detection bias“.

Other scientists have also voiced similar concerns over so-called detection bias.


Like it? Share with your friends!

78
12 shares, 78 points

What's Your Reaction?

hate hate
9
hate
confused confused
23
confused
fail fail
16
fail
fun fun
14
fun
geeky geeky
11
geeky
love love
4
love
lol lol
7
lol
omg omg
23
omg
win win
16
win

0 Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Facebook Comments

Choose A Format
Personality quiz
Series of questions that intends to reveal something about the personality
Trivia quiz
Series of questions with right and wrong answers that intends to check knowledge
Poll
Voting to make decisions or determine opinions
Story
Formatted Text with Embeds and Visuals
List
The Classic Internet Listicles
Countdown
The Classic Internet Countdowns
Open List
Submit your own item and vote up for the best submission
Ranked List
Upvote or downvote to decide the best list item
Meme
Upload your own images to make custom memes
Video
Youtube, Vimeo or Vine Embeds
Audio
Soundcloud or Mixcloud Embeds
Image
Photo or GIF
Gif
GIF format