Tag Archives: cancerous

Skin cancer: Eight major signs warning your blemish or mole may be cancerous

Over the last 10 years, the number of people diagnosed with melanoma in the UK has increased by almost half. With this worrying statistic in mind, what are the main skin signs you need to be aware of warning of your risk of skin cancer? Chief Scientific Officer, Eve Casha from Dermoi spoke exclusively with Express.co.uk to offer her insight including the eight main signs of skin cancer to spot.

 

Skin cancer is abnormal and unregulated growth of skin cells, said Eve.

She added: “There are two main categories of skin cancers.

“One category which is the deadliest is malignant melanoma (MM). 

“This cancer forms in the epidermal melanocytes of the skin and has the tendency to metastasize. 

“The second category is non-malignant skin cancer (NMSC). 

“This category includes basal cell carcinomas, skin cancers of the basal cells found in the bottom layer of the epidermis, as well as squamous cell carcinoma which occurs in the squamous cells of the epidermis.

“These cancers tend to be less deadly as they are more likely to localize to a specific region.”

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When asked about the main causes of skin cancer, Eve answered: “There are many potential causes of skin cancer.

“Firstly, UV exposure is scientifically correlated with skin cancer. This is because exposure to UV radiation from sunlight causes DNA mutation, oxidative stress, and suppression of the immune system (the immune system plays a key role in cancer prevention). 

“Genetic predisposition as well as environmental factors such as stress, pollution, diet, smoking habits, sleep, are also implicated as contributing factors to development of skin cancers.

“Every skin tone and skin type is at risk for skin cancers (both types). 

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“Skin cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the human population and is on the rise. In Caucasian populations, skin cancer is the most common malignancy. 

“Cases of melanoma skin cancer are predicted to rise from 287,723 in 2018 to 340,271 in 2025 an increase of 18 percent.

“This is likely because of the aging population as well as the increased exposure to UV radiation either through work, or recreational activities such a sun tanning and use of sun beds.”

Bowen’s disease

“Bowen’s disease is a very early form of non-malignant skin cancer and is a precursor of squamous cell carcinoma,” added Eve.

“Bowen’s disease presents as red, scaly skin that does not heal.”

Typically, Bowen disease appears as a slow-growing, persistent reddish-brown patch or plaque of dry, scaly skin.

These lesions may be flat or slightly raised.

The lesions are normally not associated with any symptoms, but, occasionally, can itch, ooze pus, bleed or become crusted and/or tender.

Author: Jessica Knibbs
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: Health
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Skin cancer: The checklist to use to work out if your mole or freckle may be cancerous

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed

With summer making its much needed return so brings the warning of the possible damage caused by the sun’s rays. Over the last 10 years, the number of people diagnosed with melanoma in the UK has increased by almost half. With this worrying statistic in mind, what are the main skin signs you need to be aware of warning of your risk of skin cancer?

Signs on face

An estimated 40 percent to 50 percent of fair-skinned people who live to be 65 will develop at least one skin cancer, said WebMD.

Actinic keratosis are small, scaly patches are caused by too much sun, and commonly occur on the head, neck, or hands, but can be found elsewhere.

Actinic Cheilitis or farmer’s lip as its sometimes referred to relates to are scaly patches or persistent roughness of the lips may be present.

Less common symptoms include swelling of the lip, loss of the sharp border between the lip and skin, and prominent lip lines.

If you have noticed any unusual skin symptoms and are concerned, its important to speak with your doctor who may refer you to a dermatologist.

“The earlier a cancer is picked up, the more likely it can be treated successfully,” assured Melanoma UK.

This is why it’s important not to delay seeing a doctor about any mole you’re concerned about.

The best course of action is that your mind will be put at ease as you hopefully discover it’s nothing to worry about.

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Skin cancer symptoms: Woman discovered cancerous 'skin lesion' after 15-minute check up

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed

“I did have a standout mole in between my shoulder blades,” she said; it was a skin lesion that felt raised and had changed slightly in size. “That is what triggered my attention.” Wanting it to be seen to quickly, Frances booked an online consultation at The MOLE Clinic. After sending across a few pictures, she was offered an “all-over check” in person.

“I was seen there, in Moorgate, by a nurse, and she did the examination with a magnifying glass.”

Frances was told she had two “melanocytic lesions” that were “ulcerations and basal cell carcinoma“.

“I was glad that I had been diagnosed early enough to have treatment,” Frances said with a sigh of relief.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

This type of skin cancer accounts for more than 80 per cent of all skin cancers in the UK, confirmed the British Skin Foundation.

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If left untreated, BCCs can cause an ulcer – and although they’re usually painless, they can feel itchy or bleed if caught.

Fortunately, “BCCs can be cured in almost every case”, but treatment might be more complicated if it’s been neglected for a long time.

These types of skin lesions “rarely” spread to other parts of the body, so “it is almost never a danger to life”.

Definitely seek medical advice – either from the NHS or privately – if you have any marks or scans on your skin that are:

  • Growing
  • Bleeding and never completely healing
  • Changing appearance in any way

“This meant I would have a further consultation and start treatment straight away, rather than wait for an appointment with my GP and then wait for a referral on the NHS,” she explained.

Frances was recommended Aldara Cream to use on the affected area for six weeks.

“I’ll then have a follow-up appointment to see if this was successful, or if I need the two moles to be surgically removed,” Frances said.

Currently on her third week of using the cream, Frances urged other people to “get checked” for skin cancer.

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