Tag Archives: causes

Blood pressure increase: The 11 most common causes of raised blood pressure in hot weather

Blood pressure is subject to crests and troughs due to a myriad of factors. Chronic sufferers may question whether sweltering 28C highs could prevent them from enjoying time outdoors ahead of Freedom Day. But fear not, as Express.co.uk has arrived with a selection of the most infamous blood pressure irritants.

What causes your blood pressure to rise?

Raised blood pressure is known in medical circles as hypertension, which specifies when levels of mercury breach “normal” systolic levels of less than 120mm Hg and less than 80mm Hg diastolic (120/80).

Health officials characterise “at-risk” levels as 120 to 139 mmHg over 80 to 89mm Hg (120-139/80-89).

Hypertension’s minimum limit is 140/90 or over and can come about due to several individual or interlocking factors and other conditions.

READ MORE: High blood pressure: Three condiments to avoid or risk hypertension

Does hot weather raise blood pressure levels?

Temperatures in the UK will spike towards 30C several times over the weekend and coming week, leaving hypertension sufferers concerned about potential effects on their health.

But extreme heat conditions tend not to affect blood pressure as they cause vasodilation, which broadens vessels and helps blood pass through the body.

In winter, the same vessels will narrow, and blood pressure is more liable to rise.

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Health
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What causes constipation? The two drinks you should AVOID

Constipation affects people of all ages and different times of life and it’s normally caused by something you can fix. One of the best ways to treat constipation is to change your diet. Express.co.uk reveals what causes constipation and the two drinks to avoid to remedy the problem.

Constipation is really uncomfortable and can cause stomach aches, bloating and sickness.

If any of the following is true, it’s likely that you’re constipated:

  • you have not had a poo at least three times during the last week
  • the poo is often large and dry, hard or lumpy
  • you are straining or in pain when you have a poo

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Hannah explained: “Remember a stressed state equals constipation! The very act of eating food creates peristalsis along the tract- a series of wave-like muscle contractions that move food to different processing stations in the digestive tract.

“This will stimulate defecation. The process of removing faces from your bowels.

“For this movement to occur, the gastrocolic reflex should be unconscious.”

The gastrocolic reflex is a physiological reflex that controls the movement of the gastrointestinal tract after a meal.

The two drinks to avoid

The nutritionist said constipation is not a symptom of a poor diet, it’s a sign that the entire digestive system is sub-optimal.

Making sure you are hydrated and have adequate fibre in your diet, which would mean having vegetables at every meal, is an absolute requirement for a healthy bowel.

However, Hannah strongly advises against smoking and drinking any kind of alcohol or coffee in excessive amounts.

Instead, fill yourself with the following foods to help you go to the toilet with ease:

Grated Carrots: Grated carrots add fibre, water and vitamin A. They are an allrounder for digestive system health.

Magnesium: Magnesium creates movement in the bowel. If you take supplements, be careful not to overdose, though, or you will get the opposite effect.

Water: A lot of people are dehydrated and coffee and alcohol add to this state. Dehydration will leave you constipated, so try to drink six to eight glasses of fluid a day.

Kefir: Kefir is great for the digestive system because probiotics promote good digestive health and movement.

Apples: An apple a day keeps constipation away! Apples contain pectin which helps with digestion in the small intestines but also has a laxative effect.

Rhubarb: Rhubarb is not only delicious when in season, but it is also great for aiding bowel movement as it contains a compound called sennoside A, which has a laxative effect on the body.

Prunes: Prunes contain Sorbitol, which is a type of sugar alcohol that is poorly digested in the body. It helps alleviate constipation by drawing water into the intestines, spurring a bowel movement.

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Health
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What causes stye in your eye? 3 steps to getting rid of styes

Most styes are harmless and will clear up on their own in a couple of weeks, but you shouldn’t self diagnose.

If it’s a stye, the skin around it may be swollen and red and the stye may be filled with yellow pus. The redness may be harder to see on brown and black skin.

Your eye may be red and watery but your vision should not be affected, and styes usually only affect one eye but it’s possible to have more than one at a time.

The NHS site recommends seeing your GP if the stye is very painful or swollen or impacts your vision.

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Blood on tissue after poo? The 11 potential causes of rectal bleeding

Spotted some blood on the toilet paper after doing a poo? Don’t worry just yet. Bleeding from your bum could be something easily treatable like piles or the side effect of medication. However, it’s important to get the cause diagnosed because it could be a sign of bowel cancer. While one 2009 study found that nearly 20 percent of adults had bleeding from their tail end in the last 12 months, only a third had consulted a doctor. Express.co.uk chatted to Dr Deborah Lee from Dr Fox Online Pharmacy to find out the 11 potential causes of rectal bleeding.

If you’ve noticed blood on the toilet paper or in your poo, there are lots of different reasons why this could be happening.

It can be alarming, especially if the blood is in streaks or in the water as well as on the tissue, but try not to panic.

If the following is true, you shouldn’t self diagnose and should see your GP instead:

  • your child has blood in their poo
  • you’ve had blood in your poo for 3 weeks
  • your poo has been softer, thinner or longer than normal for 3 weeks
  • you’re in a lot of pain around the bottom
  • you have pain or lump in your tummy
  • you’ve been more tired than usual
  • you’ve lost weight for no reason

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Your GP will ask a lot of questions about how long it has been happening, how often it happens and so on.

Dr Lee said: “You must tell them if you have had a change of bowel habit. They will want to examine you.

“This is likely to mean they will examine your back passage but try not to worry about this. For the doctor, it’s all part of a day’s work!

“You may then be asked for a stool specimen to check for the presence of blood and for any infection and a blood test to check for anaemia.”

Depending on the findings, the doctor may refer you to a specialist for more tests.

For example, they may need a stool sample for a Faecal Immunochemical Test (FIT test) to check for colonic cancer.

How rectal bleeding treated?

The treatment for rectal bleeding or blood in the poo depends on the cause.

If you have gastroenteritis, which is bloody diarrhoea from pathogens such as campylobacter, shigella, or salmonella, this is treated with antibiotics.

However, inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s Disease is treated with anti-inflammatory agents such as steroids, a special diet, and immunosuppressants. Ulcerative colitis is treated similarly. Surgery is sometimes needed.

Colonic polyps are removed at colonoscopy, or sometimes laparoscopically, whereas anal fistulas require surgery to open the fistula so it heals as a flat scar.

Haemorrhoids (piles) are lumps that develop around the anus which are often painless or may be itchy and sore.

Dr Lee said: “They can become acutely inflamed and need urgent surgery.

“They can be injected by sclerotherapy or destroyed using a banding technique.

“Patients must take care to eat plenty of fibre so as not to become constipated, so they do not strain to pass the stool.

“There are a variety of local creams and ointments to soothe piles – speak to your pharmacist.”

If you’ve got an anal fissure – a tear in your anus – treatments include topical anaesthetic creams, or sometimes botulinum toxin applied to the anal sphincter muscle.

Sexually transmitted infections – such as anal warts, or trauma from anal sex – can be treated with topical antiviral agents or sometimes surgery.
If the bleeding is a side effect of drugs, such as blood-thinning drugs like warfarin, the treatment might involve changing drugs or something simple.

If you have colonic cancer (Bowel cancer), the treatment depends on the stage of the disease and how far it has spread.

Dr Lee said: “Surgery is usually required to remove the affected segment of the bowel which sometimes necessitates a colostomy – needing to collect the bowel contents through a hole in the abdomen in a special bag called a stoma bag. Patients also sometimes require chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy.”

If you see blood in your stools, it’s always important to see your doctor and have this checked out.

For the majority of patients, this will be something fairly innocent, but if it is something serious like colon cancer, the sooner this is picked up, the better the prognosis.

Don’t risk it – if you see blood in your stools, in the pan, or on the toilet paper, see your GP.

Author: Izzie Deibe
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: Health
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Why is my wee cloudy? The five causes of something ‘serious’ – and what to do next

Diet swaps

Simply eating certain foods can have an impact on the colour of your wee.

Adding too much vitamin D to your diet could lead to having cloudy urine, for example.

Diabetes

On occasion, cloudy urine could be caused by high blood sugar.

It’s more likely to be caused by diabetes if it’s accompanied by unexplained tiredness, feeling very thirsty, and passing more urine than normal.

Author: Matt Atherton
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: Life and Style
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Tour de France crash: Fan causes huge pile up in peloton as Tony Martin collides with sign

One careless fan at the Tour de France who was not paying attention to the race managed to cause a heavy crash that wiped out over 20 competitors during the peloton but thankfully, there were no serious injuries.

The collision, which occurred between Brest and Landerneau, spelt the end for many of the riders, with many unable to continue following the nasty incident that took place with around 45 kilometres to go.

Jumbo Visma’s Tony Martin was pedalling when he crashed into a spectator who was holding out a sign onto the road.

Replays showed that the supporter was holding up a cardboard sign that read: “Allez Opi-Omi!”

Yet instead of making the most of their view of the race, the fan was looking at the cameras on a passing bike and smiling as the riders raced towards them.

Disaster soon followed when Martin crashed into the sign and was subsequently knocked off his bike.

The trailing competitors then slammed into his body, with one even running over his head as several others were flung from their seats.

The whole of the Jumbo Visma team was wiped out in the incident in bitterly frustrating circumstances.

Among those was Primoz Roglic, who went down heavily in a hugely unfortunate crash for the Slovenian.

Sonny Colbrelli and Julian Alaphilippe were also among those caught up in the crash.

Martin was riding on the right side of the road when he came into contact with the spectator’s flailing arm.

Shortly after, Ineos riders and the Deceuninck-Quickstep team began to make their way down the road as the huge pile of bodies and bikes slowly began to disperse.

Jasha Sutterlin of Team DSM was the first rider to call it a day after the collision.

In the meantime, there was huge outrage on social media after the video of the crash went viral.

Team Qhubeka NextHash, Africa’s first UCI World Tour Team, had a clear message for spectators after the incident and encouraged the crash to be a wake-up call for those watching the action.

“Our beautiful sport is completely unique and extra special in how accessible we are to the fans,” they tweeted.

“If we could please remind all spectators along the roads to stand back, at a safe distance, as the race passes by.”

As the race neared the finish, Mikkel Bjerg, of UAE-Team Emirates was pictured riding with ripped shorts from the chaos.

There was yet another huge crash later in the race in the final stretches.

Chris Froome was also amongst those injured in the ruckus as well as Andre Greipel.

While it looked like Froome was on course to drop out, he managed to soldier on after receiving medical attention.

Tour de France Stage 1: Top 3

  1. Julian Alaphilippe (Deceuninck–Quick-Step)
  2. Michael Matthews (Team BikeExchange)
  3. Primoz Roglic (Jumbo-Visma)

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Sport Feed

Deadly and fiery crash causes a 4-way stop at the West Beltway

HOUSTON, Texas (KTRK) — An early morning deadly and fiery crash Tuesday has caused a four-way stop at the Katy Freeway feeder road in west Houston.

It happened around 1 a.m. on the westbound lane at the West Beltway southbound feeder road, according to police.

The crash took out the light signal, which has caused more traffic in the area in the midst of early morning showers.

Police said a driver was speeding and slammed into the street light.

The person inside the truck, which caught fire, died on impact.

“We’ve had accidents over here at that exact same pole, vehicles wrapped around the pole, said Lt. R. Wilkins with HPD.

Stop signs are now up on the side where the street light was sheered.

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Sign up for traffic alerts that are sent straight to your phone through our ABC13 app. Manage your notifications from the settings tab.

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Blood pressure pills recalled after discovery of explosive chemical that causes cancer

In a dramatic turn of events, health chiefs have recalled dozens of blood pressure pills that are deemed to pose a grave public health risk. The drugs in question — several different types of irbesartan and losartan – have been recalled from pharmacy shelves because they contain azido-tetrazole. The substance is considered by some health experts to be the world’s most explosive chemical and is linked to a heightened risk of cancer.

The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) – the UK’s drug oversight body – said the explosive substance is found in batches of the aforementioned blood pressure pills.

At this stage, the recall is merely precautionary and there was no proof it has caused any harm to patients, the MHRA said in a statement.

The health body urged Brits to not stop taking the drugs without consulting their GP because suddenly stopping can be pose health risks.

Some of the contaminated pills have been on the market for nearly two years, it was also revealed.

READ MORE: High blood pressure: The surprising food increasing your risk of hypertension

As the Mail Online reports, the latest development follows a series of drug recalls of sartan-type medicines, which may have been exposed to cancer-causing chemicals in factories in China and India.

Irbesartan and losartan are prescribed to millions of Britons with high blood pressure every year.

Commenting on the decision, Dr June Raine, MHRA Chief Executive, said: “Patient safety is our watchword. We’re recalling batches of certain sartan-containing products as a precautionary measure while we continue our investigation. It’s important that healthcare professionals check their stock to quarantine and return these batches.

“If you’ve been taking one of the affected products, speak with your doctor or pharmacist before stopping any treatment – they can address any concerns and can advise you on the best course of action.”

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According to Public Health England, previous recalls of these types of products in 2018 and 2019 are part of an ongoing investigation.

The MHRA also said it is working with other medicines regulators on this issue.

There is currently no evidence any of the pills have exploded.

The MHRA said the move only applied to pharmacies and wholesalers stocking the 31 batches supplied by Bristol Laboratories Limited, Brown & Burk UK Limited and Teva UK Limited, some of which were first distributed in September 2019.

It is important to note that other blood pressure pills containing losartan and irbesartan are still available.

Dr Raine of MHRA also issued important advice if you’re taking the affected blood pressure pills or stocking them.

She said: “It’s important that healthcare professionals check their stock to quarantine and return these batches.

“If you’ve been taking one of the affected products, speak with your doctor or pharmacist before stopping any treatment – they can address any concerns and can advise you on the best course of action.”

The health risk posed by the substance azido-tetrazol was alerted to the world by Cambridge University chemical scientist Dr Ljiljana Fruk.

Dr Fruk described azido-tetrazole as the the world’s “most explosive chemical” in 2019.

Speaking on the The Naked Scientists radio show at the time, she said: “So the most explosive chemical was made in 2011 in the lab.

“[It] Never went out of the lab, it was made in a special chamber and it’s called azido-tetrazole.

“So that’s a molecule that has 14 nitrogens in its own structure, and because of these constrained nitrogen bonds it’s very explosive.”

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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