Tag Archives: damage

UK heatwave: Expert issues warning on UV damage to eyes – main symptoms to spot

UK heatwave: Expert issues warning on UV damage to eyes – main symptoms to spot

Much emphasis is often put on the dangers of UV rays on a person’s skin, but little is thought of when it comes to the damage it can possess on one’s eyes. The condition known as photokeratitis can cause uncomfortable symptoms. An expert appeared on GB News to warn of UV damage on a person’s eyes.

Appearing on GB News, Ophthalmologist Samer Hamada discussed the UV rays damage on the eyes and said: “There is actually 10 times more damage done on the eye than the skin.

He continued: “People often are more interested in protecting their skin but when it comes to the eye protection, there is very little about that.

“UVA and UVB rays which damage our eyes from the eyelids to the cornea and to the lens itself.

“So, there is a lot of damage to the eye from exposing ourselves to the sun.”

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When it comes to the best form of protection, Hamada answered: “There are a few ways, and we need to understand the UV light is more intense in the morning and in the afternoon.

“People often think the worst time is midday, but it is not.

“So, we tell people that from the morning until the afternoon they need to be very careful.

“In fact, all year round it doesn’t have to be just today with the UV day being in May and that is a good reason because they want people to be aware early not just necessarily in the summer.

“It could also be in the winter, anytime you expose yourself to the light even on a cloudy day the sun can damage your eyes.”

When to seek medical help

If the symptoms of sunburned eyes continue to plague you for more than a day or two, see your doctor.

You should also see a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

Seeing halos

Blurred, fuzzy, dim, or distorted vision

Shadowy areas in the middle field of vision

Sensitivity to glare or light

Problems with night vision

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Life and Style
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Type 2 diabetes: Four ‘serious’ foot problems that signal blood sugar damage to nerves

Type 2 diabetes: Four 'serious' foot problems that signal blood sugar damage to nerves

In addition to symptoms, you should also see a GP if you’re worried you may have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes, advises the NHS.

Following a formal diagnosis, your GP will usually recommend changing aspects of your lifestyle to bring blood sugar levels under control, notes the health body.

There are two key components of blood sugar control – diet and exercise.

“Diabetes won’t stop you from enjoying your food, but knowing some simple hacks and swaps will help you choose healthier options and make planning your meals a little easier,” explains Diabetes UK.

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Health
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What we know about the damage and repairs to the partially collapsed Surfside condo building

What we know about the damage and repairs to the partially collapsed Surfside condo building
Officials have confirmed 20 deaths, and dozens more remain unaccounted for.
As families mourn and worry for their loved ones, some residents and officials are criticizing the management of the building, saying more should have been done to prevent the structure from crashing down in the middle of the night last week.
Officials say they still haven’t found what triggered the collapse.
From an early construction halt to assurances that the building was fine, here is what we know so far about the damage and repairs the building underwent.

Early halts to construction

Before Champlain Towers South and its sister building opened, there was controversy around its construction, which violated local regulations, documents show.
The Surfside acting town manager at the time, George Curti, told the building complex’s contractor in a Dec. 2, 1980, letter that “you are instructed to immediately cease any further construction on any penthouses” at either of the Champlain Towers buildings. The town attorney had determined that the penthouses were “a violation of the Code of the Town of Surfside,” Curti wrote.
The following week, the town council passed an ordinance granting the buildings an exception, allowing the penthouse construction to go forward, Curti wrote in a follow-up letter on Dec. 11.
The decades-old controversy was first reported by the Wall Street Journal on Monday. The issue was over the buildings’ height: The penthouses had not been in the original plans and they brought both buildings above the town’s 12-story height limit, the Journal reported.

The 2018 report

Maryland-based Morabito Consultants performed a structural analysis of the building as part of Champlain Towers South’s 40-year recertification effort — a stringent process for updates and improvements enacted after Hurricane Andrew in 1992.
“Morabito Consultants provided the Champlain Towers South Condominium Association with detailed findings and recommendations nearly three years ago regarding the structural repairs that were needed on the building to ensure the safety of the residents and the public,” a Morabito spokesman said in a statement to CNN.
Morabito has said previously it “provided the condominium association with an estimate of the probable costs to make the extensive and necessary repairs. Among other things, our report detailed significant cracks and breaks in the concrete, which required repairs to ensure the safety of the residents and the public.”
But in the minutes from a November 2018 meeting, Surfside building official Rosendo Prieto appears not to stress the damage.
“Structural engineer report was reviewed by Mr. Prieto,” the minutes said, in an apparent reference to a 2018 report from structural engineer Frank Morabito, which detailed cracking and dilapidating concrete in the parking garage underneath the tower, among other significant issues. Although Prieto noted that the report “was not in the format for the 40 year certification he determined the necessary data was collected and it appears the building is in very good shape,” the minutes say.
Morabito Consultants’ structural field survey had noted “abundant cracking and spalling” in concrete columns and walls, “exposed, deteriorating rebar” and failing waterproofing beneath the pool deck and entrance drive that was causing “major structural damage.”
Prieto no longer works for Surfside and was serving as the interim building official for the city of Doral. He has not responded to CNN’s requests for comment.
Eliana Salzhauer, the commissioner of Surfside, told CNN’s Chris Cuomo that she thinks the condo association didn’t do enough.
“In hindsight, they should have made more noise. They had this report, they had a report, it said very clearly, ‘Your building is in bad shape.'”
Salzhauer said that the condo association should have made it “clear enough so that (residents) are concerned.”
A representative of the Champlain Towers South condo association declined to comment this week.
The surviving members of association issued a statement Friday saying, “We know that answers will take time as part of a comprehensive investigation and we will continue to work with city, state, local, and federal officials in their rescue efforts, and to understand the causes of this tragedy.”

‘The concrete deterioration is accelerating’

A photograph from 2018 shows the early stages of a crack in the concrete in the pool equipment room in the building.
Engineers and experts consulted by CNN said it appears the same crack is visible in the 2021 photograph of the room, which was published earlier this week by the Miami Herald, although its condition appears worse in the more recent photograph.
The cause of the deterioration is not clear.
After inspecting the building in 2018, Morabito wrote in his report that “failed waterproofing” below the pool deck was “causing major structural damage to the concrete structural slab below these areas” and warned that failure to replace it in the near future would cause “concrete deterioration to expand exponentially.”
A 2021 letter to the building residents from the condominium association’s president confirmed that the exponential deterioration had indeed taken place in the interim years.
“The concrete deterioration is accelerating,” wrote Jean Wodnicki, the association president. “The observable damage such as in the garage has gotten significantly worse since the initial [2018] inspection.”
The experts CNN spoke to said that the progression seen in the crack between the two images could be an indication of the deterioration caused by the waterproofing problem described by Morabito. Or, some said, the concrete around the crack could have simply fallen off during the three-year gap to reveal the deeper fissure seen in the 2021 photograph.
“Once deterioration like this starts, it’s insidious, it just continues. Unless you do something about it, the whole thing is going to fall apart, all of the concrete is going to fall apart,” said Matthys Levy, a consulting engineer and author of books including “Why Buildings Fall Down.”
The engineers consulted by CNN were not in agreement that a failure in the area of the pool equipment room or around the pool deck could have caused the building’s collapse, but many noted that the damage seen in the room was likely indicative of poor maintenance throughout the whole building.
“It just generally shows what a crappy condition the concrete was in. You can draw whatever conclusions you want — that maybe the rest of the concrete was just as bad,” Levy said.

An estimated $ 15 million in repairs needed

The condo association debated an estimated $ 9 million in repairs to the building in 2018, and disputes over the lackluster response in tackling the repairs led to five of the seven board members resigning that year, the Washington Post reported, citing board meeting minutes and association president Anette Goldstein’s resignation letter.
“We work for months to go in one direction and at the very last minute objections are raised that should have been discussed and resolved right in the beginning,” Goldstein wrote in her September 2019 resignation letter that was obtained by the Post.
Goldstein and some of the others would later return to the board — one of the members just three weeks after stepping down — documents indicate, the Post reported.
The paper said its efforts to reach almost everyone who had served on the board since 2018 were unsuccessful. Two of them are reported to be missing, according to the Post.
The estimated cost for repairs had grown to about $ 15 million by the time the work was approved by the board in 2021, according to an assessment letter obtained by CNN. Those costs were to be paid by the residents.

2020 letter highlights extensive damage and attempted repairs

A 2020 letter from Morabito Consultants to Wodnicki gave a nine-page summary of the extent of the damage and the work that was being done to address it.
All the loose concrete around the perimeter of the pool pump room that showed signs of cracking, spalling and deterioration and which presented a “fall hazard” was removed by a concrete restoration firm, according to the work summary.
But not all of the work could be completed at the time, according to the letter.
Morabito Consultants noted that they could not perform full restoration and repair on the pool corbel or on the wall in the pool pump room because “areas of deteriorated concrete appeared to penetrate deep into wall/corbel construction” and that “aggressive excavation of concrete at the severely deteriorated pool corbel could affect the stability of the remaining adjacent concrete constructions.”
Another reason given for the work not being completed was “proper ICRI compliant repairs” required access to the inside of the pool, which according to the document, “was to remain in service for the duration of this work.”
There is currently no indication that the concrete deterioration was a contributing factor to the collapse of the building last month, but it does highlight some the major repair work needed at the Champlain Tower South condominium complex.

Author: Madeline Holcombe, CNN
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Collapsed Building Near Miami Had Serious Concrete Damage

Collapsed Building Near Miami Had Serious Concrete Damage

Three years before the deadly collapse of the Champlain Towers South condominium complex near Miami, a consultant found alarming evidence of “major structural damage” to the concrete slab below the pool deck and “abundant” cracking and crumbling of the columns, beams and walls of the parking garage under the 13-story building.

The engineer’s report helped shape plans for a multimillion-dollar repair project that was set to get underway soon — more than two and a half years after the building managers were warned — but the building suffered a catastrophic collapse in the middle of the night on Thursday, crushing sleeping residents in a massive heap of debris.

The complex’s management association had disclosed some of the problems in the wake of the collapse, but it was not until city officials released the 2018 report late Friday that the full nature of the concrete and rebar damage — most of it probably caused by years of exposure to the corrosive salt air along the South Florida coast — became chillingly apparent.

“Though some of this damage is minor, most of the concrete deterioration needs to be repaired in a timely fashion,” the consultant, Frank Morabito, wrote about damage near the base of the structure as part of his October 2018 report on the 40-year-old building in Surfside, Fla. He gave no indication that the structure was at risk of collapse, though he noted that the needed repairs would be aimed at “maintaining the structural integrity” of the building and its 136 units.

Mayor Charles W. Burkett of Surfside said on Saturday morning that the town had received the report by email in 2018 — he was not sure who was the recipient — but he did not know what, if any, steps were taken to examine the problems further.

“Of course there should have been follow up,” he said. “And I don’t know that there wasn’t. I think we need to understand exactly what happened at that time.”

Mayor Daniella Levine Cava of Miami-Dade County said officials there knew nothing of the 2018 report. On Saturday, she announced a 30-day audit of all buildings 40 years and older under the county’s jurisdiction, and she urged cities to do the same for buildings within their borders.

“We want to make sure that every building has completed their recertification process,” she said. “And we want to make sure to move quickly to remediate any issues that may have been identified in that process.”

The condominium complex had been preparing for the recertification that state law requires of similar buildings in the area that have reached 40 years of age, and was on notice that it needed to complete the repairs in order to pass inspection.

But solving the problem of water leaking down from the pool area into the garage was going to involve major work and cost millions of dollars. Brad Sohn, a lawyer representing at least one resident who has filed a lawsuit against the Champlain Towers South Condominium Association, said on Saturday that residents were facing assessments ranging from $ 80,000 to as high as $ 200,000.

Mr. Sohn said he was still trying to understand why repairs had not begun immediately after the 2018 report outlining the major problems with the building.

“There is no acceptable answer to that question — period, full stop,” he said.

Kenneth S. Direktor, a lawyer who represents the resident-led association that operates the building, said this week that the repairs had been set to commence, based on extensive plans drawn up this year. Documents released by the city include 84 pages of detailed schematics and repair plans, dated from two months ago.

“They were just about to get started on it,” he said in an interview, adding that the process would have been handled much differently if owners had had any indication that the corrosion and crumbling — mild instances of which are relatively common in many coastal buildings — were a serious threat. He did not return messages seeking comment Saturday.

Eliana Salzhauer, a Surfside commissioner, said that while the cause of the collapse was unknown, it appeared to her that the problems identified by the engineer in the 2018 report could have contributed to the structural failure.

“It’s upsetting to see these documents because the condo board was clearly made aware that there were issues,” Ms. Salzhauer said. “And it seems from the documents that the issues were not addressed.”

Investigators have yet to identify the cause and are still awaiting full access to a site where rescue crews have been urgently sifting through an unstable pile of debris for possible survivors.

On Saturday, local officials said they had not given up hope of finding live victims beneath the rubble but acknowledged the difficulty of their task. A fire was burning below the debris of the collapsed building, sending smoke billowing into the air, complicating the search. Rescuers said they were not hearing any signs of life, and 159 people remained missing.

Experts said that the process of assessing what ultimately caused the building’s structure to fail could take months, involving a review of individual building components that may now be buried in debris, the testing of concrete to assess its integrity and an examination of the earth below to see if a sinkhole or other subsidence was responsible for the collapse.

The building was just entering a recertification process — a requirement for such 40-year-old structures that have endured the punishment of coastal Florida’s hurricanes, storm surges and the corrosive salty air that can penetrate concrete and rust the rebar and steel beams inside.

The 40-year requirement was put in place after a previous building collapse in Miami, in 1974, that killed seven people. The Drug Enforcement Agency, which operated in the building, said officials later determined that the resurfacing of a parking lot on the roof of the building, combined with salt, had weakened the supporting steel structure of the building.

Mr. Morabito, who declined to comment this week, wrote in the 2018 report that the goal of his study was to understand and document the extent of structural issues that would require repair or remediation.

“These documents will enable the Condominium Board to adequately assess the overall condition of the building, notify tenants on how they may be affected, and provide a safe and functional infrastructure for the future,” he wrote.

At the ground level of the complex, vehicles can drive in next to a pool deck where residents would lounge in the sun. Mr. Morabito in 2018 said that the waterproofing below the pool deck and entrance drive was failing, “causing major structural damage to the concrete structural slab below these areas.”

The report added that “failure to replace the waterproofing in the near future will cause the extent of the concrete deterioration to expand exponentially.” The problem, he said, was that the waterproofing was laid on a concrete slab that was flat, not sloped in a way that would allow water to run off, an issue he called a “major error” in the original design. The replacement would be “extremely expensive,” he warned, and cause a major disturbance to residents.

In the parking garage, which largely sits at the bottom level of the building, part of it under the pool deck, Mr. Morabito said that there were signs of distress and fatigue.

“Abundant cracking and spalling of varying degrees was observed in the concrete columns, beams, and walls,” Mr. Morabito wrote. He included photos of cracks in the columns of the parking garage as well as concrete crumbling — a process engineers refer to as “spalling” — that exposed steel reinforcements on the garage deck.

Mr. Morabito noted that previous attempts to patch the concrete with epoxy were failing, resulting in more cracking and spalling. In one such spot, he said, “new cracks were radiating from the originally repaired cracks.”

The report also identified a host of other problems: Residents were complaining of water coming through their windows and balcony doors, and the concrete on many balconies also was deteriorating.

After watching a surveillance video showing the collapse of the building, Evan Bentz, a professor at the University of Toronto and an expert in structural concrete, said that whatever had caused the collapse would have to have been somewhere near the bottom of the building, perhaps around the parking level. Though he had not seen the 2018 report at the time, he said such a collapse could have several possible explanations, including a design mistake, a materials problem, a construction error or a maintenance error.

“I’d be surprised if there was just one cause,” Mr. Bentz said. “There would have to be multiple causes for it to have fallen like that.”

There have been other concerns raised about the complex over the years. One resident filed a lawsuit in 2015 alleging that poor maintenance had allowed water to enter her unit through cracks in an outside wall. Some residents expressed concern that blasting during construction at a neighboring complex had rattled their units.

Researchers analyzing space-based radar had also identified land that was sinking at the property in the 1990s. The 2020 study found subsidence in other areas of the region, but on the east side of the barrier island where Surfside is, the condo complex was the only place where the issue was detected.

Proposed in the late 1970s, the Champlain Towers South project had its architectural and structural designs completed in 1979, according to records. At the time, people were flocking to live and play in South Florida, and developers were looking to build larger complexes that could put people right at the beachfront.

A nearly identical companion property — Champlain Towers North — was built the same year, a few hundred yards up the beach. It was not immediately clear whether any of the issues raised by the engineer in the south project had also been found in the other buildings.

Surfside’s mayor, Charles W. Burkett, said on Friday that he was worried about the stability of the north building but did not feel “philosophically comfortable” ordering people to evacuate.

“I can’t tell you, I can’t assure you, that the building is safe,” he said at a town commission meeting.

The collapse has stunned industry experts in the Miami area, including John Pistorino, a consulting engineer who designed the 40-year reinspection program when he was consulting for the county in the 1970s.

He touted other regulations that have come since, including requirements that tall buildings have an independent engineer verify that construction is going according to plans.

Mr. Pistorino did not want to speculate on the cause of the collapse. But he said that while some buildings in the region have had quality problems, any serious deficiencies were unusual, and were typically easy to detect by way of glaring cracks or other visible problems.

“This is so out of the norm,” Mr. Pistorino said. “This is something I cannot fathom or understand what happened.”

James Glanz , Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs and Joseph B. Treaster contributed to this report.

Author: Mike Baker, Anjali Singhvi and Patricia Mazzei
This post originally appeared on NYT > Top Stories

Arthritis: Five of the most powerful spices to reduce pain and cartilage damage

Arthritis: Five of the most powerful spices to reduce pain and cartilage damage

“I think people are often surprised at what a great anti-inflammatory source spices can be,” said dietitian Kim Larson. “But the more anti-inflammatory spices you eat, the more you are tamping down on chronic inflammation.” One condition notorious for inflammation is rheumatoid arthritis, which usually affects the hands, feet, and wrists. The autoimmune disease is brought on when the immune system attacks the cells within the joints.

These antioxidant ingredients “help inhibit cell damage caused by free radicals”, the Arthritis Foundation stated.

However, only using cinnamon to combat an arthritis flare-up is unlikely to work.

This is because cinnamon needs to be consumed in conjunction with other spices to “offer a cumulative anti-inflammatory effect”.

Another spice to infiltrate into your daily cooking is cayenne – a type of hot chilli pepper.

“Chilli peppers contain natural compounds called capsaicinoids, which have anti-inflammatory properties,” the charity explained.

Stuck for ideas on where you can add cayenne pepper into your cooking? They’re a great addition to sauces and marinades.

Ginger is another great spice to take advantage of, as it can directly block inflammation pathways in the body.

Gingerol and shogaol are the chemicals within ginger that lead to this remarkable pain relief.

The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis might be lessened if you also consume garlic.

“Garlic contains diallyl disulfide, an anti-inflammatory compound that limits the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines,” the Arthritis Foundation added.

“Therefore, garlic can help fight inflammation and may even help prevent cartilage damage from arthritis.”

The best way to gain the most powerful punch of anti-inflammatory properties is to opt for fresh garlic in your cooking.

Turmeric is also powerful enough to block inflammatory cytokines and enzymes in inflammatory pathways.

“Several human trials have shown an anti-inflammatory benefit,” said the Arthritis Foundation.

This means the component within turmeric (curcumin) reduces joint pain and swelling.

The five best spices to reduce painful arthritis symptoms:

  1. Cinnamon
  2. Cayenne pepper
  3. Ginger
  4. Garlic
  5. Turmeric.

This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Fatty liver disease symptoms: The texture of your poo can indicate if your organ is damage

Fatty liver disease symptoms: The texture of your poo can indicate if your organ is damage

Fatty liver disease is strongly associated with obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol. If you have one (or more) of these health conditions, how can you know if your organ is damaged? Scarring of the liver can eventually lead to liver failure, which requires an organ transplant, so it’s very important to prevent it from getting to that stage. A tar-like texture to your poo can be an indication of cirrhosis, Medical News Today confirmed.

“Consume both proteins and carbohydrates, but limit fats and sugars,” advised Medical News Today.

Implementing healthy eating habits as soon as possible can help prevent (further) scarring of the liver.

Once bits of the liver become scarred, the organ is unable to heal those specific parts.

However, the organ has an amazing ability to heal itself by reducing inflammation.

Waist measurements

BMI is a useful indication as to whether a person is at a healthy weight.

A more telling sign of obesity is using a tape measure to measure the waistline.

Women who have a waistline of 80cm or more “are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems”, including fatty liver disease.

For men, their risk of health complications increases if they have a waist circumference of 94cm or more.

This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Diabetes type 2 symptoms: Four different types of pain that signal blood sugar damage

Diabetes type 2 symptoms: Four different types of pain that signal blood sugar damage

Type 2 diabetes – a precursor to heart disease – means the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce is not taken up by the cells. This has grave consequences because insulin regulates blood sugar – the main type of sugar found in blood. Consistently high blood sugar levels can damage the body and some of the most acute warning signs involve nerve damage.

The health body explains: “When your blood sugar levels are running high, your body will try to flush excess sugar out of your blood through the urine.

“As a result, your body will need more fluids to rehydrate itself. Drinking water can help the body with flushing out some of the glucose in the blood.”

It adds: “Just a word of caution to be sensible with drinking water; water intoxication is possible if a number of litres of water are drunk in a short space of time.”

It is also important to monitor your intake of certain foods because they can cause blood sugar levels to soar.

The worst culprits are certain types of carbohydrates that are broken down into blood glucose (sugar) relatively fast.

The faster food is broken down into blood glucose, the more pronounced the impact will be on blood sugar levels.

To sort the good from the bad, you should refer to the glycaemic index (GI).

The GI is a rating system for foods containing carbohydrates – it shows how quickly each food affects your blood sugar (glucose) level when that food is eaten on its own.

Carbohydrate foods that are broken down quickly by your body and cause a rapid increase in blood glucose have a high GI rating.

High GI foods include:

  • Sugar and sugary foods
  • Sugary soft drinks
  • White bread
  • Potatoes
  • White rice.

Low or medium GI foods are broken down more slowly and cause a gradual rise in blood sugar levels over time.

Low or medium GI foods include some fruit and vegetables, pulses and wholegrain foods, such as porridge oats.

This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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‘Wake up!’ Germany wants to break up UK and damage economy, warns ex-diplomat

‘Wake up!’ Germany wants to break up UK and damage economy, warns ex-diplomat

And Adrian Hill said the Government should stop pandering to Brussels over Northern Ireland, pull the plug on the trade deal signed in December and “walk away” – while he also backed a pledge by Express.co.uk readers to boycott EU products. Mr Hill, a former officer in the Royal Engineers who among other diplomatic posts worked as a member of the Channel Tunnel team at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the COBRA Committee of the Cabinet Office, was speaking after Andreas Michaelis, Germany’s ambassador to Britain, talked up the possibility of a stronger bilateral agreement with a country he suggested was an ideal partner for a “deep alliance”.

Similarly, Jean-Yves Le Drian, the French foreign minister, speaking during his recent trip to the UK for the G7 summit in Cornwall, suggested his country and the UK needed to focus on their “common interests”.

Meanwhile the UK and Italy have traditionally worked closely in the area of defence, with Leonardo and BAE Systems among the companies collaborating on Tempest, sixth-generation fighter project.

However, Mr Hill said the Government should be wary of such international alliances.

He told Express.co.uk: “When will these schoolboys wake up to reality?

“The German Army’s strategic plan is more than clear – NATO is breaking up and so is the EU.

“Germany must bind the eurozone countries around her to preserve the economy and surrounding export markets.

READ MORE: Macron to seize power as Merkel finally steps down

“Boris and his mates may not be able to see that but, take it from me, we voters can.”

Addressing the UK’s future relationship with the EU, Mr Hill, a regular contributor to the Briefings for Britain website, said: “We are out, no longer liable for anything save the Eurocrats pension fund.

“We should triple our defence budget and stop kowtowing to the EU.

“For a start we could take the advice of the lawyer star chamber and insist on sorting out the Northern Ireland mess and the fishing. “

Mr Hill added: “If the EU refuses, scrap the trade deal and refuse to pay the EU a penny. There’s nothing they could do, frankly.

“The good old British public have started boycotting EU products.

“If I were Boris – and I’ve met him and liked him – I would pay a lot more attention to what the ordinary Brit thinks of all this than a bunch of pussyfooters in Westminster and Whitehall.”

Speaking last month French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Drian said: “On many issues, we have congruent views, shared analysis or common interests.

“We are neighbours. We cannot sit there immobile staring at one another.”

Angela Merkel, Germany’s Chancellor raised eyebrows in 2017 when she said of the USA and the UK: “The times in which we could completely depend on others are, to a certain extent, over.

“I’ve experienced that in the last few days. We Europeans truly have to take our fate into our own hands.

“We have to know that we must fight for our future on our own, for our destiny as Europeans.”

This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: World Feed