Tag Archives: fruit

Arthritis diet: Three best breakfast fruit to avoid arthritis symptoms and joint pain

Arthritis is extremely common, affected more than 10 million people in the UK alone. If you’ve been diagnosed with arthritis, you could lower your chances of joint pain by adding more fruit to your breakfast routine.

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK.

It’s caused by the smooth cartilage lining the joints becoming gradually more and more worn down.

There are treatments available to relieve your joint pain if you have arthritis.

However, simply adding more fruit to your diet could help to protect against symptoms too.

READ MORE: Arthritis diet: The cheap snack shown to reduce inflammation symptoms

Watermelon

Watermelon has been claimed to reduce the inflammatory marker CRP, it added, just like strawberries.

It also contains the carotenoid beta-cryptoxanthin, which specifically reduces the chances of rheumatoid arthritis.

“Watermelon is also ninety-two percent water, which makes it great for hydration and weight management,” it said.

“One cup of watermelon has about 40 calories – plus about a third of your recommended daily allowance of vitamins A and C.”

Grapes

Arthritis patients could benefit from eating grapes, because they’re rich in antioxidants and polyphenols.

They contain bioactive compounds that work in a similar way to common arthritis medications.

“Both white and darker-coloured varieties of grapes are a great source of beneficial antioxidants and other polyphenols.

“Researchers are studying its potential for improving symptoms of osteoarthritis, as well as for other chronic diseases linked to ageing.”

Even if you add more fruit to your diet, you shouldn’t forget to manage your arthritis symptoms in other ways, too.

Make sure to do plenty of exercise, and try to maintain a healthy weight.

Physiotherapy and painkillers could also help to relieve some of your arthritis symptoms.

Speak to a doctor if your symptoms get worse unexpectedly, or if you’re worried that you might have arthritis.

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Health
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New Jersey’s fruit orchards, vineyards on lookout for invasive spotted lanternfly

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NEWTON — Often, Mother Nature endows her “pest” creations with bright colors. Such is the case with the spotted lanternfly, an insect that is pretty to look at in its adult stage, but a growing concern to agricultural interests in all its stages of life.

First discovered in the United States seven years ago in Berks County, Pennsylvania, the sap-sucking pest has spread across much of New Jersey, southern New York and the eastern half of Pennsylvania. Sightings have also been reported in Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Connecticut and Ohio.

New Jersey’s orchard and vineyard owners are on the lookout for the invasive pest, fearing that it will  devastate their businesses. 

Jake Hunt, owner of Windy Brow Farms, a fruit orchard near Newton, said he has been aware of the lanternfly for the past four years, but has yet to see any on his property.

“Thankfully, we have not had an emergence in our orchard,” he said Friday. “We are surrounded by 350 acres of preserved land, and that may be a help.”

Earlier this year, residents of New Jersey’s western border counties were asked to be on the lookout for egg masses and to destroy them. 

The New Jersey Department of Agriculture said efforts to slow the spread of the invasive insect involve 48 federal and state employees who are conducting surveys and treatments throughout the state. A total of 924,128 acres are involved in the project, with treatments occurring on 22,328 acres across 584 properties.

Both the nymph and adult stages of life have a strong preference for agricultural plants including grapevines and maple, black walnut, birch, willow and other trees. As such, they have become an economic concern as well.

The feeding damage significantly stresses the plants, leading to decreased health and potentially death.

After hatching in mid-to-late spring, the insect goes through four instar stages before turning into an adult in early July. It is in the adult stage that the lanternfly is most visible, often seen in clumps, on trees, shrubs and vines.

The adult lanternflies, with their wings spread, appear to be a type of moth, but the insect has piercing and sucking mouthparts that allows it to drill into the phloem of a plant to feed directly on the sugary sap.

In addition to the damage from sucking sap from a plant, the insects excrete a sugary substance, called honeydew, that encourages the growth of black sooty mold.

Although the mold is not dangerous to humans, the honeydew and mold become unsightly on houses or decks.

Native to Southeast Asia, the SLF is believed to have hitchhiked to Pennsylvania attached to wooden packing crates or skids. It was first discovered in New Jersey in 2018 and in New York in 2020.

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All life stages from nymph to adult can fly, hop or drop right in or on vehicles — and can easily and quickly be spread by human activity. Eggs can be laid on piles of firewood or shipping crates or even on vehicles and be transported to new areas.

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Hunt said the research being done by the state Agriculture Department and Rutgers University “is close to having something that could work” in controlling the insect.

As of now, however, the Agriculture Department is using publicity to make people aware of the insect and its potential destruction.

All municipalities have been asked to put the department’s SLF information and links on their websites. 

“It will take everyone’s determination to bring this outbreak under control,” the department said in a news release last week. “When you see SLF you are encouraged to destroy them and remove egg masses from trees, plants or other surfaces.”

People are also encouraged to report sightings at www.badbug.nj.gov and click on the spotted lanternfly photo. Sightings can also be reported by emailing [email protected] 

The state website offers homeowners information about controlling the pest.

The bizarre botany that makes corn a fruit, a grain, and also (kind of) a vegetable

This post has been updated. It was originally published on September 24, 2019.

We all know the “is a tomato a fruit?” debate (correct answer: yes, but you still shouldn’t put it in a fruit salad). Now we’d like to bring you a whole new botanical question you never knew you had: Is corn a fruit or a vegetable—or is it a grain?

The answer is more technical than you might think, and to fully understand it you’ll need a little primer on corn biology. So away we go!

A single corn stalk grows several ears (which are the female bits of the plant) and has one tassel up top (which, as you can guess, is the male part). The tassel produces pollen, which is the semen of the plant world. Before those ears look anything like the juicy kernel-covered cob you eat, they’re essentially a hard cylinder covered in hundreds of unfertilized ovules. Each of these ovules grows a single silk, which reaches up and out of the top of the husk, where it dangles in the hopes of catching a bit of pollen on its little sticky hairs. If it does, the silk grows a pollen tube, enabling the male genes to travel towards the ovule and fertilize it. That fertilized ovule will grow into a single kernel.

That only has to happen 400-600 more times to make a whole ear of corn. It also explains why sometimes you get cobs with bare patches—sometimes not every ovule gets fertilized.

Still with me? Good. Here’s why all of this matters.

We differentiate between fruits and vegetables depending on which bits of the plant we eat. If we eat the part derived from the ovaries or other reproductive tissue, we call it a fruit, explains Marvin Pritts, a horticulture researcher and professor at Cornell University. Everything else we call a vegetable. “Corn is a seed derived from the flower/ovary of the corn plant,” he says, “so is technically a fruit.”

More specifically, corn is a caryopsis, which is a type of fruit in which the seed coat is tightly fused with the pericarp (that’s the fleshy bit, like the part of a peach that you eat). This means they don’t have a substantial fleshy layer, helping them dry out well. You might know caryopses better by their common name: grains.

Thus, grains are a type of fruit. And that means corn is both a grain and fruit in the same way that wheat, millet, and oats are.

This brings us back to the final piece of the question: is corn a vegetable? Botanically and scientifically speaking, the answer is no. But here’s the thing: in common parlance, “vegetable” is essentially meaningless because it’s completely arbitrary.

[Related: High-fructose corn syrup vs. sugar: Which is actually worse?]

Think about what comes to mind when you conjure up an image of a vegetable. Some of it is probably accurate—lettuce, carrots, potatoes. But a lot of it is likely wrong. We have this general image of vegetables as all the produce that’s not sweet or super juicy. To most of us a fruit is a thing you can eat straight. You can pick up a peach or an apple and snack on it. You probably wouldn’t just bite into a tomato (though honestly, why not? we eat them raw in slices!) and similarly you at least need to cook corn before you chomp down, and you’d preferably add a little salt and butter.

Unfortunately that’s not a great rule of thumb if you want to be technical about it. You’d also probably roast a pumpkin or blanch peas, but they’re both actually fruits. And conversely we often eat bell peppers raw much like the fruits that they truly are, yet a lot of people lump them into the veggie category.

There’s a decent, if highly philosophical, argument to be made that we should go by the categorization that most people use. If folks think of squashes as vegetables, maybe they are vegetables. The same might go for corn. For his part, Pritts acknowledges that we do eat corn as we do other veggies, but notes that still doesn’t technically make it one. And yet lots of people do consider it a vegetable, including the US Department of Agriculture, and since “vegetable” is an arbitrary, catch-all category, maybe corn is a vegetable too. We’ll leave it to you to decide which definitions you want to abide by—there’s a decent argument for all of them.

Sara Chodosh

Sara Chodoshis an associate editor at PopSci where she writes about everything from vaccine hesitancy to extreme animal sex. She got her master’s degree in science journalism at NYU’s Science Health and Environmental Reporting Program, and is getting a second master’s in data visualization from the University of Girona. Contact the author here.

Author: empire
Read more here >>> Science – Popular Science

How to live longer: Small daily servings of a red fruit promotes longevity finds new study

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) – a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels – is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Serious cardiovascular events are the arch nemesis of longevity but the good news is they are preventable. Even small dietary tweaks can reduce your risk of a serious cardiovascular event, such as a heart attack, as a new study in the journal Nutrients attests.

The research revealed that adding strawberries to diets could improve cardiometabolic risk factors in adults, who are obese or have elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, otherwise known as the “bad” cholesterol.

Cardiometabolic risk describes a person’s chances of having a cardiovascular event such as heart attack or stroke when one or more risk factors are present.

LDL cholesterol – a key cardiometabolic risk factor – is a waxy substance that can gum up your arteries, starving your heart of oxygen.

The heart-healthy benefits of eating strawberries

In the randomised, controlled crossover trial, 33 adults (mean age 53 years) received a daily controlled amount of strawberry powder in four-week phases – equivalent to one serving, or two-and-a-half servings of strawberries each.

READ MORE: How to lower cholesterol – 5 foods for lower cholesterol and a happy heart

Participants were asked to follow their usual lifestyles but refrain from eating any other berries.

It found that the equivalent to two-and-a-half daily servings of strawberries significantly improved cardiometabolic risks in this ‘at risk’ population group when compared to the control group – mainly by improving insulin resistance and lipid particle profiles.

Commenting on the findings, Doctor Emma Derbyshire, Public Health Nutritionist and adviser to British Summer Fruits said: “These are really interesting findings. Around 7.6 million people in the UK are currently living with heart and circulatory diseases.

“We know that healthy living, which includes healthy eating, can help to reduce the risk of developing heart disease, prevent weight gain and lower diabetes risk.”

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Doctor Derbyshire continued: “Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables is important for health, and this is another indication that eating berries, as part of that, could be a good option for many people.

“We know that we should be aiming for about five portions of fruit and vegetables daily. In the UK, a portion of small-sized fresh fruit is equivalent to about seven strawberries.

“Therefore, adding strawberries as a breakfast topper, eating them as a snack in between meals, or serving with natural yoghurt as a dessert could all contribute to daily fruit servings and the health benefits they offer.”

Other key dietary tips

Strawberries should be enjoyed as part of a well balanced diet.

“Faddy crash diets may not provide the balance of nutrients you need,” explains the British Heart Foundation (BHF).

Try to eat:

  • Plenty of fruit and vegetables
  • Plenty of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes and pasta. Choose whole grain varieties wherever possible
  • Some milk and dairy products
  • Some meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein
  • Only a small amount of foods and drinks high in fats and/or sugar.

According to the BHF, you should choose options that are lower in fat, salt and sugar whenever you can.

The most important tip is to cut back on saturated fat – the kind of fat found in butter, lard, ghee, fatty meats and cheese.

“Eating lots of saturated fat can raise your cholesterol and increase your risk of heart disease,” warns the NHS.

UK health guidelines recommend that:

  • The average man aged 19 to 64 years should eat no more than 30g of saturated fat a day
  • The average woman aged 19 to 64 years should eat no more than 20g of saturated fat a day.

“It’s also recommended that people should reduce their overall fat intake and replace saturated fat with some unsaturated fat, including omega-3 fats,” notes the NHS.

Unsaturated fat is mostly found in oils from plants and fish.

Author: Adam Chapman
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: Health
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Diabetes diet: The £1 fruit to lower your risk of high blood sugar symptoms – Dr Sara

Diabetes is a serious medical condition that causes blood sugar levels to become too high. If you already have diabetes, you could benefit from adding more berries to your diet, according to This Morning‘s Dr Sara.

Diabetes is a common medical condition that’s been diagnosed in about five million people across the UK.

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common, and it’s caused by the body not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin.

Without enough insulin, the body struggles to convert sugar in the blood into useable energy.

Diabetes patients might have to make some diet or lifestyle changes to maintain normal blood sugar levels.

READ MORE: Diabetes type 2 symptoms: Three signs of blood sugar damage in feet

Dr Sara told Express Health: “Think about the types of fruit you’re eating and the volumes of fruit, because purely just knocking back the fruit without the vegetables aspect of things could certainly increase your sugar levels.

“I would usually recommend berries as a good fruit when it comes to blood sugar levels, because they don’t contain huge amounts of sugar.

“You can have a nice handful of them – so like a little fistful – and that would be an appropriate amount to have without worrying too much about your sugar intake.”

Patients should also consider eating more wholegrains, she added.

Wholegrains contain carbohydrates that take longer to break down.

That subsequently means it takes longer for the carbs to turn into sugars, which is ideal for diabetics.

Processed foods, meanwhile, have sugars already broken down.

When these enter the body, it means the sugar goes straight into the blood, causing rapid blood sugar spikes.

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Life and Style Feed
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Arthritis warning: Fruit juices can trigger painful and inflamed joints

The antioxidants found in fruit and vegetables are great at counteracting inflammation – the key predecessor to a painful arthritis flare-up – and drinking fruit juice might seem like a good idea. One glass of fruit juice counts towards one of your five-a-day, but does this mean drinking orange juice, cranberry juice, and mango juice is ideal? Dietician Ashley Harris advises you to keep a watchful eye on the sugar content of your juices.

Harris also encourages people to “pair your juice with protein, such as nuts or Greek yoghurt, to help control your blood sugar”.

For those on high blood pressure medication, do not juice grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice.

This is because grapefruit is known to interact with blood pressure medication and some arthritis medication.

The charity Arthritis Foundation stated: “Orange, tomato, pineapple and carrot juices are all high in the antioxidant, vitamin C, which can neutralise free radicals that lead to inflammation.

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“Tart cherry juice has been shown to protect against gout flares and reduce OA symptoms.”

However, as Harris pointed out, fruit juice can be high in sugar and calories.

Drinks for arthritis

Dietician Sonya Angelone said: “Start every day with a glass of water before you eat any food.”

The best drink for arthritis is water, as it’s vital for flushing toxins out of the body, helping to fight inflammation.

“Adequate water intake can help keep your joints well lubricated and prevent gout attacks,” said the Arthritis Foundation.

But if you’re not a fan of sipping water all day, what else can you drink?

The Arthritis Foundation charity recommends enjoying a cup of tea.

“Green, black and white teas are all rich in polyphenols – compounds from plants that have strong anti-inflammatory effects,” the charity explained.

The most beneficial is green tea because of its active ingredient epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) – a type of polyphenol.

“EGCG has been shown to be as much as 100 times stronger in antioxidant activity than vitamins C and E,” said the Arthritis Foundation.

As tea contains caffeine, this beverage is best consumed in moderation and is not advised before bedtime.

So, what other options are there? The Arthritis Foundation suggests smoothies, which have the added bonus of fibre content.

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Russia becomes net exporter of food as import phase-out begins bearing fruit – PM

Last year, international sales of Russian agricultural produce exceeded foreign purchases, according to Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin.

“The export volumes of the country’s agro-industrial complex totaled 271 billion rubles, topping the imports by some $ 1 billion,” the PM said during question-and-answer session with State Duma members.

He highlighted the crucial role played both by the imports phase-out and domestic enterprises in the process of implementing national infrastructure projects.
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The state-backed program to phase out imports was launched in 2014, after relations between Russia and Western countries dramatically declined due to economic sanctions introduced by the US and the EU against Russia. Moscow responded with counter-sanctions, having phased out traditional American and European imports from the Russian market.

According to Mishustin, the share of domestically produced goods in the state purchase contracts increased from 49% to 57%, partly due to fixed quotas applied in favor of domestic produce.
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Earlier this year, the Russian Ministry of Agriculture reported that Russia’s food exports hit a record high of $ 30.7 billion in 2020, compared to $ 25.6 billion in exports recorded in the previous year.

In 2020, Russia exported its agricultural produce to 150 countries. China became the top market for Russian food products, with imports worth more than $ 4 billion.

For more stories on economy & finance visit RT’s business section

Author: RT
This post originally appeared on RT Business News

Sainsbury's issues food recall on fruit due to Hepatitis A contamination – 'do not eat'

“We are asking customers who have purchased these products with this specific supplier code not to eat them and to return them to their nearest Sainsbury’s store for a full refund when they next visit for groceries and other essentials.

“Please note that packs without this code present are not affected.”

The supermarket chain shared the recall has been made as a precautionary measure.

Customers who have further questions or concerns can get more information at Sainsburys.co.uk/help or contact the Sainsbury’s careline on 0800 636262.

No other Sainsbury’s products or batches of the dates are known to be affected.

This article originally appeared on Daily Express :: Life and Style Feed
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