Tag Archives: Genocide

FROM THE FIELD: A genocide timeline; Srebrenica massacre remembered

FROM THE FIELD: A genocide timeline; Srebrenica massacre remembered

Survivors of a massacre of mainly Muslims in the former Yugoslavia, and people associated with the perpetrators of what has become known as the Srebrenica genocide, have been telling their stories in a new exhibition by the United Nations, released 26 years after the events took place.

Some 8,000 boys and men were killed by Bosnian Serb forces when they overran the town of Srebrenica during a regional war in the Balkans in July 1995, the largest atrocity on European soil since the Second World War.

UN Photo/John Isaac

A Muslim man grieves over his son’s grave in Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina (file photo).

The exhibition in the form of a timeline, explains how the genocide was planned and carried out.

It’s been staged by the UN’s International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) based in The Hague. The IRMCT replaced the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), a court also established by the UN to prosecute those persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia. 

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This post originally posted here The European Times News

Biden Declares Mass Killings of Armenians a Genocide

Author: Katie Rogers and Carlotta Gall
This post originally appeared on NYT > U.S. News

Biden Declares Mass Killings of Armenians a Genocide

The Turkish public will see it as evidence of American double standards, and anti-Western forces in Turkey will use it to incite fury, he said.

Both opposition and pro-government leaders attacked the expected designation.

“This is an improper, unfair stance,” said Kemal Kilicdaroglu, the leader of the largest opposition party, the Republican People’s Party.

Dogu Perincek, the leader of the ultranationalist Patriotic Party, in an open letter to Mr. Biden, questioned his authority to issue such a declaration. “As is known, the genocide against the Jews was adjudicated at an authorized court,” he wrote, “but regarding the 1915 incidents, there is no judicial ruling.”

The killings of Armenians occurred at the end of World War I during the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the predecessor of modern Turkey. Worried that the Christian Armenian population would align with Russia, a primary enemy of the Ottoman Turks, officials ordered mass deportations in what many historians consider the first genocide of the 20th century: Nearly 1.5 million Armenians were killed, some in massacres by soldiers and the police, others in forced exoduses to the Syrian desert that left them starved to death.

Turkey has acknowledged that widespread atrocities occurred during that period, but its leaders have adamantly denied that the killings were genocide.

In the days leading up to Mr. Biden’s announcement, Armenians and human rights activists in Turkey expressed caution, partly because of years of political seesawing over the issue.

“Personally, it is not going to make me excited,” Yetvart Danzikyan, the editor in chief of Agos, an Armenian-Turkish weekly newspaper in Istanbul, said, pointing to a statement President Ronald Reagan issued in 1981 about the Holocaust that mentioned the “genocide of the Armenians” in passing.