Tag Archives: nails

White spots on nails – the underlying health conditions they could be signalling

White spots on your nails are usually harmless and shouldn’t be a cause for concern. The may affect either all nails or several nails, and medically, the condition is known as leukonychia. Valerie Maine of Live True London explained: “They can be caused by various conditions such as allergic reactions, fungal infection, nail injury and mineral deficiency. Most common causes are trauma such as knocking your nails against surfaces in your daily life.

“Although most causes are not serious, certain serious medical conditions may cause white spots such as chronic renal disease or a reaction to certain medication. If you are at all concerned or if the condition is progressing, make sure to seek the opinion of a doctor.”

White spots on the nails may be a sign of a fungal infection called ‘white superficial onychomycosis’, according to Roxane Bakker, Registered Dietitian and Head of Nutrition at www.vitl.com.

She explained: “It’s an easily treatable infection which can be treated through over-the-counter antifungal medication.”

Advising on white spots signalling a nail injury, she added: “They may be a sign that you’ve had an injury at the base of your fingernail.

READ MORE: How to get rid of visceral fat: The 80p dietary item proven to reduce belly fat

“Due to the time it takes for your nails to grow, some injuries may not show on your exposed fingernail for up to four weeks, so it’s worth thinking back to anything that may have happened, such as shutting your fingers in a door by mistake.”

According to Becky Laroc, Owner and Therapist of Becky Laroc Beauty & Aesthetics, there’s a general misconception white spots on your nails are a sign of a calcium deficiency.

She said: “Generally a calcium deficiency is shown by very weak and/or soft nails.”

But in some cases, white spots could be a sign of a zinc deficiency.

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Roxane advised: “It’s worth taking a vitamin DNA test to find out exactly what areas you’re lacking in.”

Parallel white lines that run all the way across the nail could be a sign of low levels of protein in the blood.

Roxane warned: “If you notice these, contact your GP as soon as possible and monitor your protein intake.

“Deep indentations that run across the nail horizontally are called ‘Beau’s lines’, and are often symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes, as well as illnesses associated with high fever such as scarlet fever, measles, mumps and pneumonia.

Ridges on the finger nails can merely be a sign of ageing, a vitamin deficiency or dehydration, or as a result of a skin condition such as dry skin or eczema.

According to Dr Ross Perry of skin clinic chain Cosmedics, slight ridges are normal and can develop during the ageing process as when cell growth slows and lessens, so as you age it may not be unusual to see this happen.

He continued: “Nutritional factors such as deficiencies in vitamins such as Vitamin A, or if your body is low in protein or calcium then you may notice ridges.

“Severe iron deficiencies could also create ridges and other changes to the nails.”

But he warned, if ridges are accompanied with discolouring it may be caused by a medical condition and you may need to seek medical advice. 

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Dr Sarra shares the unheard of warning sign under your nails of deadly skin cancer

How is skin cancer treated?

Skin cancer treatment depends on the the type of cancer you have, the stage of the cancer (its size and how far it has spread) and your general health.

According to the NHS, surgery is the main treatment for melanoma.

“Surgical excision is usually done using local anaesthetic, which means you’ll be awake, but the area around the melanoma will be numbed, so you will not feel pain,” explains the health body.

“In some cases, general anaesthetic is used, which means you’ll be unconscious during the procedure.”

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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High cholesterol: Do your nails look a certain way? Danger signs your levels are too high

According to Medicover Hospitals, black or reddish-brown spots on your nails can signal high cholesterol levels.

“The condition is caused by small, damaged blood vessels under the nail,” explains the health site.

The black or reddish-brown spots have the following distinguishing characteristics:

Do not change appearance when you apply pressure to the nail

Appear in one or more places under the nail.

As Medicover Hospitals explains, an accumulation of cholesterol in the blood vessels of the nails can cause this damage.

However, in most cases, you can only find out if you have it from a blood test.

READ MORE: How to get rid of visceral fat: Walking one of the best exercises to burn the belly fat

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Life and Style Feed
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Ridges in nails – should you be worried? Signs you need to seek medical attention

Ridges on the finger nails can merely be a sign of ageing, a vitamin deficiency or dehydration, or as a result of a skin condition such as dry skin or eczema. But in some cases, ridges can signal something more serious. According to Dr Ross Perry of skin clinic chain Cosmedics, slight ridges are normal and can develop during the ageing process as when cell growth slows and lessens, so as you age it may not be unusual to see this happen.

He continued: “Nutritional factors such as deficiencies in vitamins such as Vitamin A, or if your body is low in protein or calcium then you may notice ridges.

“Severe iron deficiencies could also create ridges and other changes to the nails.”

But he warned, if ridges are accompanied with discolouring it may be caused by a medical condition and you may need to seek medical advice.

Dr Perry also advised: “Severe, deep ridges albeit rare could be a symptom of a more serious medical condition such as kidney disease and would need medical tests to determine the cause.

READ MORE: Vitamin B12 supplement: Two indications on your feet that you’re deficient in the nutrient

“Diabetes could also be the underlying health reason for this.”

Trauma to the nails can also cause defects such as ridges, so the advice is to never pick your nails.

But Dr Perry recommends: “If you experience any sudden changes to your fingernails it is always advised to seek medical attention.”

So what’s the difference between vertical and horizontal ridges on the nails?

Dr Anita Takwale, consultant dermatologist and specialist in hair and nail disorders at Stratum Clinics, goes into detail about vertical ridges.

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She explained: “Longitudinal ridges on the nails if occurring on thumbs could be due to trauma inflicted on the nail folds like habit-tic which is the most common problem.

“The other causes associated with skin changes either along the finger pulps or the rest of the skin could be secondary to inflammatory disorders like eczema or psoriasis or infections like paronychia which may produce transverse ridges.”

Horizontal ridges on the nails are sometimes referred to as Beau’s lines.

The condition was named by a French physician, Joseph Honore Simon Beau, who first described it in 1846.

Mayo Clinic says: “Beau’s lines are indentations that run across the nails.

“The indentations can appear when growth at the area under the cuticle is interrupted by injury or severe illness.

“Conditions associated with Beau’s lines include uncontrolled diabetes and peripheral vascular disease, as well as illnesses associated with a high fever, such as scarlet fever, measles, mumps and pneumonia.

“Beau’s lines can also be a sign of zinc deficiency.”

Parallel white lines that run all the way across the nail could be a sign of low levels of protein in the blood, according to Roxane Bakker, Registered Dietitian and Head of Nutrition at www.vitl.com.

She said: “If you notice these, contact your GP as soon as possible and monitor your protein intake.”

She added: “White spots on your fingernails are actually rather common and there can be a number of reasons why they might appear.

“Most white spots on your nails are harmless and shouldn’t be a cause for concern.”

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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