Tag Archives: seven

Diabetes symptoms: The seven tell-tale signs of type 2 high blood sugars

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also have a heightened risk, as the condition is linked to insulin resistance.

Insulin is the key hormone secreted by the pancreas when blood sugar levels increase.

The release of insulin enables the sugar in the bloodstream to be absorbed by the body’s cells to be used by energy.

However, if the body’s cells become resistant to insulin (insulin resistant) then sugar will continue to build up in the bloodstream.

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Seven Infrastructure Problems in Urgent Need of Fixing

Engineers say that when infrastructure works, most people do not even think about it. But they recognize it when they turn on a faucet and water does not come out, when they see levees eroding or when they inch through traffic, the driver’s awareness of the highway growing mile after creeping mile.

President Biden has announced an ambitious $ 2 trillion infrastructure plan[1] that would pump huge sums of money into improving the nation’s bridges, roads, public transportation, railways, ports and airports.

The plan faces opposition from Republicans and business groups, who point to the enormous cost and the higher corporate taxes that Mr. Biden has proposed to pay for it.

Still, leaders in both parties have long seen infrastructure as a possible unifying issue. Urban and rural communities, red and blue states, the coasts and the middle of the country: All are confronting weak and faltering infrastructure.

“It’s a dire need,” said Greg DiLoreto, a former president of the American Society of Civil Engineers, which publishes an extensive report card on the subject every four years.

The 2020 report gave the country a grade of C-minus, a slight improvement after two decades of Ds. Far more needs to be done, Mr. DiLoreto said: “It’s a terrible report card to take home to your folks.”

Roadways and bridges are still in use decades after the end of their projected life spans. Sewer and water systems are aged and decaying. And a changing climate threatens to worsen old vulnerabilities and expose new ones.

In the broad contours of the plan released by the Biden administration, specific proposals and figures are given for some of these infrastructure needs. The plan, for instance, proposes an extra $ 115 billion to modernize bridges, highways and roads that are in “most critical need of repair.” But other projects, such as levee systems, are not explicitly mentioned, and it is unclear how they might factor into the proposal.

We took a look at seven examples of urgent infrastructure vulnerabilities across the country, ranging from specific projects to broader problems.


Connecting New York City to New Jersey

The 111-year-old tunnels used by commuter trains and Amtrak have deteriorated rapidly since Hurricane Sandy flooded them with salt water in 2012.

Officials in New York and New Jersey have beseeched federal officials for years to help build new tunnels, arguing that the failure of one could have a devastating economic impact far beyond the region. The Trump administration resisted their appeals. Riders have been plagued by delays and cancellations[2], with similar problems affecting railways along the Northeast Corridor.

Passenger railways across the country have struggled with a lack of federal funding, according to the American Society of Civil Engineers report card, creating a repair backlog of $ 45.2 billion. The Biden administration says its plan would replace buses and rail cars and expand transit and rail into new communities; it is unclear how the Hudson River tunnels might be involved.

Crossing the Ohio River between Cincinnati, Ohio, and Covington, Ky.

President Barack Obama stood at the base of this bridge in 2011, describing legislation that would help improve it. In 2016, President Donald J. Trump also made assurances to replace the structure.

Yet the bridge has remained a source of frustration[3]. Rusty and creaky, it has been listed as “functionally obsolete” in the federal bridge inventory since the 1990s, and it has a history of bottlenecks and crashes.

There is a $ 2.5 billion plan to fix the bridge and build a new one alongside it, but in Covington, Ky., some have expressed worries about the proposal. The mayor told The Cincinnati Enquirer[4] that it was an “existential threat,” citing the size of the proposed bridge (some traffic would still cross over the old one, as well).

Mr. Biden’s plan vows to fix the nation’s 10 most economically significant bridges but has not specified which ones those are. “If there is any project eligible, this would be it,” Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the minority leader, told local reporters[5] at a news conference on Wednesday. “Hopefully somewhere in the bowels of this multitrillion bill, there’s a solution.”

Puerto Rico

While children around the world have been going to school remotely since the coronavirus pandemic struck last year, many students in Puerto Rico had been out of class months earlier. That was because a school in southern Puerto Rico had crashed to pieces after a serious earthquake on Jan. 7[6].

The collapse brought attention to the more than 600 schools on the island that shared a “short column” architectural design, which makes them vulnerable to tremors. Teachers and parents were wary of reopening, and the schools with that design risk remain closed. Children who had gone to them are still learning remotely.

In addition, nearly 60 schools were closed after inspections following the earthquakes showed structural deficiencies. About 25 had “persistent” problems that predated the earthquake and its aftershocks, Puerto Rico’s education secretary told The New York Times last year.

Government officials recently acknowledged that in the year the schools were closed for the pandemic, no repairs had been made on any of the hundreds of vulnerable schools.

Across the country

Major bridges that carry tens of thousands of cars and eighteen-wheelers are not the only ones showing their age. So are smaller bridges in rural areas, which have much less traffic but are no less vital to a community’s ability to function. (In Mississippi alone, officials list 355 bridges that have been closed because of their age or dilapidation.)

Under the president’s infrastructure plan, 10,000 of these bridges would be fixed.

Of the nation’s bridges, 71 percent are rural. They make up 79 percent of the bridges rated as poor or structurally unsound, according to Trip, a transportation research nonprofit group.

Advocates for rural communities say the problems with bridges are indicative of a wider lack of connectivity — by roadways and through broadband internet. (The president’s plan also says it will deliver access to reliable high-speed internet to the 35 percent of residents of rural communities without it.)

Rural roads and bridges have a $ 211 billion backlog in improvements. Some of these projects, such as adding guardrails and widening lanes, could make it safer to drive on rural, noninterstate roads, which account for a disproportionately high number of the country’s traffic deaths.

Jackson, Miss.

Many vulnerabilities in infrastructure were exposed when a powerful winter storm swept through Texas and into the Southeast in February. One of them was the water system in Jackson, Miss., the state capital, where residents went weeks with a boil notice in place[7].

The water crisis inflamed enduring tensions in Jackson, ones that grip many communities where white residents have fled and tax bases have evaporated. The city has old and broken pipes. It does not have the funding to repair them. City officials estimated that modernizing Jackson’s water infrastructure could cost $ 2 billion.

The storm also caused power failures for millions of people across Texas, which has prompted lawmakers there to weigh an overhaul of the state’s electric infrastructure. At least 111 people died[8] as a result of the storm, according to state officials, and it also caused widespread property damage and left some residents to face huge electric bills.

Under Mr. Biden’s plan, lead pipes and service lines would be eliminated, and more transmission lines for electricity would be installed.

Michigan and many other states

When Michigan state officials investigated what had led to the collapse of the Edenville and Sanford dams last year, which caused thousands to evacuate and inundated hundreds of homes and businesses, the conclusions were stark[9]: A historic flooding event had caught up with years of underfunding and neglect.

The country has roughly 91,000 dams, a majority of which are more than 50 years old, and many are an exceptional rainfall away from potential disaster. As dams have aged, the weather has grown more severe[10], rendering old building standards outdated and creating conditions that few considered when many of the dams were built.

Residential development has also steadily spread into once rural areas that lie downstream from the weakening infrastructure. According to the Association of State Dam Safety Officials[11], about 15,600 dams in the country would most likely cause death and extensive property damage if they failed. Of those, more than 2,330 are considered deficient, the group said.

While the Biden plan mentions “dam safety,” it gives no details.

Across the country

The country has tens of thousands of miles of levees, which safeguard millions of people and trillions of dollars’ worth of property.

The United States Army Corps of Engineers operates a small fraction of the nation’s levees, while the rest are maintained by a patchwork of levee districts, local governments and private owners.

But floodwaters care little about who is in charge of maintenance, as the catastrophic 2019 floods in the Midwest showed. When record-breaking rains fell, levees were breached or overtopped across the region, drenching farmland, inundating homes and causing billions of dollars in damage.

The rainfall is not likely to let up soon[12], given new weather patterns driven by climate change. And some of the officials whose towns and cities were most affected by the 2019 floods are adamant: Simply refurbishing levees is not going to work anymore.

“Levees aren’t going to do it,” said Colin Wellenkamp, the executive director of Mississippi River Cities & Towns Initiative, an association of 100 mayors along the Mississippi River. His group presented a plan to the White House last month detailing a “systemic solution” to flooding. It includes replacing wetlands, reconnecting backwaters to the main river and opening up areas for natural flooding.

A plan that simply replaces infrastructure, rather than rethinking what it encompasses, will be ineffective and ultimately unaffordable, Mr. Wellenkamp said. He is not sure whether his group’s proposals have been folded into the Biden plan. But he sees little choice.

“This is a losing game unless we incorporate other, larger solutions,” he said.

Campbell Robertson and Frances Robles contributed reporting.

References

  1. ^ an ambitious $ 2 trillion infrastructure plan (www.nytimes.com)
  2. ^ plagued by delays and cancellations (www.nytimes.com)
  3. ^ bridge has remained a source of frustration (www.nytimes.com)
  4. ^ told The Cincinnati Enquirer (www.cincinnati.com)
  5. ^ told local reporters (www.cincinnati.com)
  6. ^ a serious earthquake on Jan. 7 (www.nytimes.com)
  7. ^ residents went weeks with a boil notice in place (www.nytimes.com)
  8. ^ 111 people died (www.nytimes.com)
  9. ^ conclusions were stark (www.michigan.gov)
  10. ^ has grown more severe (www.nytimes.com)
  11. ^ Association of State Dam Safety Officials (dev.damsafety.org)
  12. ^ is not likely to let up soon (yaleclimateconnections.org)

Rick Rojas

High blood pressure: Seven 'helpful' exercises to lower your risk of hypertension symptoms

“Different kinds of exercise and activity have different effects on your body,” said the charity.

“If you have high blood pressure, focus on aerobic activities as these will help your heart and blood vessels most, but avoid activities which put too much strain on your heart.

“Aerobic exercises are repetitive and rhythmic movements which get your heart, lungs, blood vessels and muscles working. They use the large muscle groups of your body, such as those in your legs, shoulders and arms.

“Walking, jogging, swimming, dancing and heaving gardening, such as digging, are all aerobic activities.”

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Eurostar offers new flexible tickets – change holiday within seven days of travel for free

When the stay at home rule is lifted on Monday, anyone found trying to go abroad without “reasonable excuse” may be fined £5,000.

All of Eurostar’s destinations – the UK, France, Belgium and the Netherlands – currently require quarantine and a Covid test.

Forms also need to be filled in for all destinations apart from the Netherlands.

Eurostar itself has strict measures in place.

How to live longer: Seven ways you can minimise your risk of cancer

In order for the activity to count, you will need to feel warmer and to breath harder, but you should still be able to talk.

This can include brisk walking, cycling, household chores, gardening, swimming and dancing.

How exercise minimises cancer risk

Studies show that regular activity can help to keep hormone levels healthy, thereby reducing inflammation in the body.

Dietary considerations

To reduce your risk of cancer, the World Cancer Research Fund recommend you:

  • Eat more grains, vegetables, fruit and beans
  • Avoid high-calorie foods
  • Limit consumption of red and processed meat
  • Limit consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks
  • Don’t drink alcohol

The cancer prevention charity warned that high-calorie foods can contribute to obesity – a risk factor for cancer.

High-calorie foods include:

  • Chocolate and sweets
  • Crisps
  • Biscuits
  • Cake
  • Ice cream
  • Fast food, like burgers, fried chicken or fries
  • Pastries

How to clean a shower cubicle – seven musts to remember when cleaning your shower

To clean ceramic tile showers

With ceramic tile showers, your biggest challenge will likely be grout, especially if it is left unsealed.

To keep your ceramic shower tiles clean, wipe down the tiles with hot water to remove any sticky residue and remove any excess hair from the drain.

Use your shower to wet down the walls of your shower and open your windows to ensure good ventilation.

If you see any mildew, create a bleach cleaning solution using one part bleach to two parts water.

Using rubber gloves, apply the solution to the mildewed area with a sponge and allow it to work for 10 minutes before scrubbing it with a soft-bristled brush or old toothbrush.

Rinse the area well with hot water and then apply a normal cleaner according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Finish by rinsing your walls with clean water from top to bottom and then squeegee the area dry.

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars (Image: GETTY)

Manchester United’s summer transfer window plans are clear – a new centre-back and a new centre-forward. Ideally, most United fans would bring Jules Kounde or Raphael Varane and Erling Braut Haaland to Old Trafford to significantly improve Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s side in both boxes and make them bonafide Premier League title and Champions League contenders.
That, though, would cost almost £200million to pull off and United boss Solskjaer warned this week that they cannot spend freely.

“Of course the lack of income, the finances has affected everyone,” he said. “It might affect us all well. We have to be realistic and responsible in the way we do our business both on and off the pitch.

“I think there’s just going to be less and less transfers happening in the world of football with all these changes.”

Recruiting elite-level talent may require a few sales then – but United do not need to make many tweaks to their squad given the improvements they are continuing to make under Solskjaer.

Express Sport looks at the state of the Red Devils’ squad for the 2021-22 season as thoughts start to turn to the summer, and considers the players who boast undroppable status at the club and those who could be loaned out and sold.

MUST READ: Carragher names two signings Man Utd need and gives Solskjaer defence

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars (Image: GETTY)

The undroppables

Starting with the obvious, Bruno Fernandes is the team’s attacking talisman and should be the beating heart of the side for years to come, while Manchester-born forward Marcus Rashford only gets better and has a long career to come at Old Trafford.

Harry Maguire has had questionable moments but is the captain and will remain a mainstay of the defence even if United spend big on a new central defender this summer.

At full-back, Aaron Wan-Bissaka could possibly benefit from more competition for his spot but is dependable defensively and is improving offensively while Luke Shaw has been as impressive as any left-back in the league this year.

The regular starters

The David de Gea and Dean Henderson battle continues and the pair can both expect pretty regular game-time next season, with the latter perhaps becoming the new No 1 – it’s thought he wants to leave if he isn’t installed as the favoured shot-stopper.

In defence, presuming United recruit a fresh face at the back, Eric Bailly is the best third-choice option over Victor Lindelof and Axel Tuanzebe – provided he’s fit.

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars (Image: GETTY)

In midfield, neither Fred or Scott McTominay are quite of undroppable status but they are players of great value to Solskjaer and have rightly been used regularly this season.

United have to sign Paul Pogba to a new contract given his form for them this season while Donny van de Beek will hopefully improve with more regular minutes next year.

In attack, none of Mason Greenwood, Anthony Martial or Edinson Cavani are absolute guaranteed starters – especially with Erling Braut Haaland on the United summer Wishlist.

But much like Fred and McTominay, they should all start a healthy amount of matches and are excellent options to have off the bench for the games in which they do not start.

Cavani has enjoyed an excellent season at United and despite turning 34 recently, should have his contract extended for another 12 months to serve as a back-up to whoever the new starting No 9 is.

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars (Image: TIERMAKER)

The rotational players

Lee Grant is out of contract in the summer and has never played a game for United but the veteran goalkeeper is a fine emergency third-choice.

United will hope they never have to rely on him for a run of matches and with De Gea and Henderson competing for minutes, Grant may not even get a minute in 2021-22.

Tuanzebe and Lindelof are good options to offer rest for Maguire, a new centre-back and Bailly while Alex Telles has fared well in England but falls victim to the fact Shaw has been so impressive.

Brandon Williams can play at either left-back or right-back and because of such versatility should stay in case of injuries, while Nemanja Matic remains tied down until 2023 and is an experienced member of the squad whose role can be decreased as McTominay continues to thrive.

James Garner has impressed out on loan at Nottingham Forest and the teenager deserves a chance to shine as the long-term replacement for Matic.

While new boy Amad and winger Daniel James are more than handy back-ups to have in attack. Even if a new striker comes in and pushes Martial down the pecking order, the two will still hope for a good amount of action.

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The loanees

Teden Mengi is on loan at Wayne Rooney’s Derby at the moment and should be loaned out again given he is only 19 and central defenders generally need more time to develop than forwards.

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars (Image: GETTY)

Further forward, while James and Amad will hope for regular minutes, Facundo Pellistri is a little further down the pecking order and United will hope to loan him out to a team in England for the season.

Tahith Chong is beginning to impress in Belgium on loan at Club Brugge but doesn’t appear likely to be above Amad or James and would therefore benefit from another year out elsewhere.

Shola Shoretire only just turned 17 years old and while he has made first-team match-day squads recently, making Premier League and European debuts, he could perhaps do with a season of football in the Championship – a few levels up on playing for the under-23s.

The axed players

Solskjaer has confirmed that goalkeepers Sergio Romero and Joel Pereira will both be released in the summer with De Gea, Henderson, Grant and Nathan Bishop United’s main four options between the sticks.

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars

Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has five undroppables but must sell seven stars (Image: GETTY)

In defence, competition is too great for Phil Jones and the 29-year-old should be moved on now given he is under contract until 2023, so United can still hope to attract a decent enough fee for him.

Diogo Dalot might perhaps be an interesting option to rival Wan-Bissaka having played regularly for AC Milan and he can also play at left-back.

But with United needing to raise cash to strengthen in central defence and at centre-forward, perhaps the 21-year-old should be sold while he still has two years left on his contract.

Like Romero and Pereira, Juan Mata is out of contract and has barely played this season so should be allowed to depart on a free.

Jesse Lingard has been mooted as an option to take up Mata’s minutes and the homegrown attacker has done very well on loan at West Ham.

But like Dalot, there is an opportunity with Lingard to make some good money that could be reinvested elsewhere, even though the 28-year-old could definitely be of use to Solskjaer.

Andreas Pereira is now 25 and has struggled to establish himself on loan at Lazio but could be sold for £10m to £15m to further boost the transfer kitty.