Tag Archives: tumour

Cancer symptoms: Seven common warning signs of a growing tumour in the prostate

Your doctor can share the benefits and drawbacks of PSA testing, as the service is not part of a national screening programme in the UK.

If you’re over 50 years of age, and you speak to your doctor about PSA testing, they can arrange for you to have the test carried out for free.

After various tests, if you do have prostate cancer, treatment might involve surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy.

If “low-risk prostate cancer” is identified, meaning it hasn’t spread beyond the prostate gland, you might not need treatment at all.

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Cancer symptoms: Five sensations in your body that may be indicative of a growing tumour

However, this also means that fifty percent of gastric cancer cases are diagnosed in people under the age of 75. Would you recognise the bodily sensations that are indicating you need to visit your doctor? One of the “most common” sensations of gastric cancer is dysphagia, which is when you find it difficult or uncomfortable to swallow. For example, there can be a burning sensation each time you swallow, or it could feel painful.

Symptoms of indigestion (i.e. dyspepsia)

The NHS pointed out that the following symptoms appear after eating or drinking:

  • Heartburn – a painful burning feeling in the chest, often after eating
  • Feeling full and bloated
  • Feeling sick
  • Belching and farting
  • Bringing up food or bitter-tasting fluids into your mouth.

Most people will experience indigestion at some point; it usually goes away on its own, or antacids – medication from the pharmacy – can help.

The key is whether indigestion persists for 21 days or longer – if so, do book a doctor’s appointment.

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If you have a growing tumour in the stomach, you may feel really full after eating only a small amount of food.

“This is often an early symptom and can cause weight loss,” said Cancer Research UK.

Gastric cancer may also lead to a feeling of nausea, and some people may physically be sick.

This can occur when a growing tumour causes a blockage in the stomach, preventing food from passing through the digestive system.

A long-term H.pylori infection can lead to stomach inflammation and stomach ulcers.

The Mayo Clinic highlighted the warning signs of a H.pylori infection, which can be confirmed by undergoing blood, stool, and breath tests.

Signs of a H.pylori infection:

  • An ache or burning pain in your abdomen
  • Abdominal pain that’s worse when your stomach is empty
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Frequent burping
  • Bloating
  • Unintentional weight loss.

Cancer Research UK added that this type of infection can be treated with a course of antibiotics.

Author: Chanel Georgina
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Cancer symptoms: Toilet troubles that are indicative of a growing tumour in the bladder

Most cases of bladder cancer appear to be caused by exposure to harmful substances, the NHS verified; in particular, tobacco smoke is the reason behind one in three cases of the disease. Around 10,200 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer each year in the UK, reported Cancer Research UK. The bladder acts like an inflatable balloon that stores up to 400ml of urine.

Made up of muscle tissue, this stretchy bag releases urine into the urethra for waste products to exit the body.

Understandably, a tumour growing in the stretchy and muscular bag, known as the bladder, may cause urinary issues.

When on the toilet, the charity warns both sexes – men and women – about seeing blood in their urine.

Around 80 percent of bladder cancer causes some blood in the urine, so it’s a key warning sign.

READ MORE: Prostate cancer symptoms: The speed at which you pee could be a warning sign

Also take note if you feel a sense of urgency when you need to visit the loo, as this too can be a sign of cancer.

Pain or a burning sensation when passing urine could also be a telling sign.

Aside from toilet troubles, other indications of bladder cancer include:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Pain in your back, lower tummy or bones
  • Feeling tired and unwell

It is possible for these symptoms to be caused by other health conditions, such as a urine infection.

In some cases, you GP might request a urine sample so that it can be tested for traces of blood, bacteria, or abnormal cells.

The NHS added: “If your doctor suspects bladder cancer, you’ll be referred to a hospital for further tests.”

Risk factors for bladder cancer include:

  • Tobacco smoking
  • Working in manufacturing jobs, such as plastics
  • Diabetes
  • Repeated UTIs
  • Long-term bladder stones

If bladder cancer spreads through the lymphatic system then the cancer becomes more dangerous.

Author:
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Cancer symptoms: Expert uncovers five key signs of a growing thyroid tumour

Speaking exclusively to Express.co.uk is Mr Jean-Pierre Jeannon, a Consultant ENT (Ears, Throat and Nose) Surgeon at London Bridge Hospital (part of HCA UK) and Guy’s & St Thomas’s NHS Hospital. “Patients with thyroid cancer usually have normal thyroid function blood tests,” cautioned Dr Jeannon. Thus, people need to be aware of the physical manifestations of the tumour.

However, “if it persists for more than three weeks and grows worse over time”, he recommends visiting your GP to get it checked out. “It can be a sign of thyroid cancer,” he warned.

Unexplained hoarseness might also be a sign of a growing tumour, but it can also be a sign of a bacterial infection.

“If it is persistent and does not go away after three weeks, seek help from your GP,” instructed Dr Jeannon.

One more possible sign of thyroid cancer is “difficult or noisy breathing”.

Papillary Thyroid Cancer (PTC)

This is the most common type of thyroid cancer, Dr Jeannon explained, and has “the best prognosis”.

“Over 90 percent of patients with this type of cancer survive,” he revealed.

Follicular Thyroid Cancer (FTC)

This type of thyroid cancer is less common; it’s treated in the same way that PTC is addressed – by a “total thyroidectomy surgery followed by radio-iodine therapy for the more advanced cases”.

Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC)

MCT “is a rare form often associated with an inherited condition called multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN)”.

To treat MEN, the lymph nodes and the thyroid gland are usually removed during surgery.

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC)

ATC is “very rare” and has the “worst prognosis”, usually progressing to fatality.

“Treatment for this rare cancer is palliative chemotherapy,” said Dr Jeannon.

Author:
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Cancer symptoms: Six warning signs on your feet that may indicate a growing skin tumour

“Over recent years, skin cancer has become much more common in the UK,” warned the NHS.

Compared to other types of cancer, melanoma skin cancer is also commonly found in people under the age of 50.

In fact, more than one in four skin cancer cases are diagnosed in younger people.

The deadly disease kills around 2,300 people each year in the UK.

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Cancer symptoms: Look out for the more deadly signs of a skin tumour

These cancerous marks can appear anywhere on the body, including the genitals.

However, they most commonly develop on areas most often exposed to the sun, such as:

  • Face
  • Lips
  • Ears
  • Scalp
  • Shoulders
  • Neck
  • Back of the hands
  • Forearms

Any “new, changing or unusual skin growths” are best checked out by a GP (general practitioner doctor) as soon as possible.

The cancerous growths can develop in scars, skin sores, and other areas of skin injury.

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Up to 30 percent of melanomas are found in existing moles, while up to 80 percent of cases arise on normal-looking skin.

Melanomas can come in different shapes, sizes, and colour, so it’s helpful to know the ABCDEs and Ugly Duckling warning signs.

ABCDEs – what to look out for on any lesions of the body:

Asymmetry – if you draw a line down the middle of the lesion, are both of the sides the same? If they’re not it could be a sign of a cancerous growth.

Border – an uneven border with scalloped or notched edges could be a warning sign.

Colour – multiple colours are a warning sign, especially if a mole has different shades of brown, tan or black.

“As it grows, the colours red, white or blue may also appear,” warned the charity.

Diameter – A lesion the size of a pencil eraser (about 6mm) or larger warrants investigation.

Evolving – Any change in size, shape or colour of any spot on the skin that is now bleeding, itching or crusting could be a melanoma.

The Ugly Duckling

This skin cancer screening model involves looking out for any moles that look dramatically different from other moles on your body.

Do look at suspicious marks to see if it looks similar to moles next to it.

These “Ugly Duckling” markers can be larger, smaller, lighter or darker than any surrounding moles.

Melanoma is “so dangerous” once it advances, so it’s critical to get any marks on your body checked out that you’re currently worried about.

Author:
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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Cancer symptoms: One sensation on the toilet that may be indicative of a growing tumour

One particular sign of bowel cancer involves a certain sensation on the loo. The next time you go for a number two, if you feel the need to strain – after you’ve been – it could be a symptom of the condition. Feeling as though you haven’t fully emptied your bowels, even after going, is one sign of bowel cancer, according to Cancer Research UK. It could be that the growing tumour is causing this straining feeling on the toilet.

Who is more at risk of bowel cancer?

Eating processed and red meats have been shown to increase the risk of bowel cancer.

Processed meat:

  • Bacon
  • Salami
  • Sausages
  • Chicken nuggets

“It might help to swap red meat for chicken or fish. Or use beans and pulses in meals instead of meat,” advised Cancer Research UK.

Moreover, a diet lacking fibre can be even more risky than eating processed and red meat.

Alcohol consumption, older age (especially over the age of 75), and a previous bowel cancer increases the risk.

Family history of the disease can also increase your risk of bowel cancer.

Scientists are currently researching why diabetes has been seen to increase the risk of the disease.

Furthermore, benign polys in the bowel, gallstones, and an infection called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) makes bowel cancer more likely.

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Life and Style Feed
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Cancer: Three colours of faeces that could be a sign of a growing tumour in the bowel

Author:
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed

Any persistent, unexplained changes in your bowel habits should be reported to your GP; this includes its consistency and frequency for three weeks or more. When it comes to the colouring of faeces, there are certain hues to be wary of. “The presence of either bright red blood, very dark, or black stool can be one of the later onset symptoms of colon cancer [a type of bowel cancer],” said the RCCA. The oncology network reiterated that such a warning sign “should never be ignored”.

“The resultant exhaustion may be caused by internal bleeding and anaemia,” the RCCA added.

One other possible sign of colon cancer is “pain in the rectum, or the urge to have a bowel movement, without producing one”.

Many of these symptoms can be indicative of minor ailments and non-cancerous disorders.

However, it’s pertinent to report these to your GP so that the root cause can be investigated – which may or may not be cancer.

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Colon cancer

Cancer Research UK explained that the colon is the first part of the large bowel.

The earlier colon cancer is identified and treated, the better the chances of recovery.

To illustrate, 90 percent of people with stage 1 bowel cancer will survive their cancer for five years or more after diagnosis.

However, only 10 percent of people with stage 4 bowel cancer will face the same odds.

If bowel cancer has spread to other body parts, there are unique signs of cancer to be aware of.

This can include the following if the cancer has spread to the liver:

  • Discomfort or pain on the right side of your abdomen
  • Feeling sick
  • Poor appetite and weight loss
  • Swollen abdomen (called ascites)
  • Yellowing of the skin (jaundice)
  • Itchy skin

If the cancer has spread to the lungs, then the following symptoms might occur:

  • A cough that doesn’t go away (often worse at night)
  • Breathlessness
  • Ongoing chest infections
  • Coughing up blood
  • A build-up of fluid between the chest wall and the lung (a pleural effusion)

“Treatments such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy can sometimes shrink the cancer and reduce symptoms,” said Cancer Research UK.

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Cancer: Six warning signs a tumour in the bowel has spread to the bones

Author
This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed

Raising awareness of ITV’s No Butts campaign, Charlene said: “The reality is, you know your body.”

“Make sure you check before you flush,” Charlene urged, highlighting the five early warning signs of bowel cancer.

B – Blood in your poo or from your bottom

O – Obvious change in your bowel habit

W – Weight loss you can’t explain

E – Extreme tiredness for no apparent reason

L – Lump and/or pain in your tummy

It’s only you that knows if your bowel habits have changed, and you need to “take responsibility” for your own health.

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Prostate cancer: The sexual symptom warning you may be at risk of a tumour developing

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that begins in the gland cells of the prostate, found only in men. It usually develops slowly, so there may be no signs for many years. In fact, symptoms of prostate cancer do not usually appear until the prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the penis (urethra) and when this occurs erectile dysfunction may ensue.

Erectile dysfunction, also known as impotence, could be a warning sign of advanced prostate cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.

The American Cancer Society said: “More advanced prostate cancers sometimes cause symptoms such as problems urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and trouble getting an erection.”

Severe prostatitis can cause erectile dysfunction directly. In milder forms, the condition can produce painful ejaculation, which can interfere with sexual pleasure and may lead to erectile dysfunction.

Health experts now know that 70 per cent of erectile dysfunctions can be traced to a physical condition that restricts blood flow, hampers nerve functioning, or both.

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A sudden onset of erectile dysfunction may be a sign that a man has prostate cancer, so your doctor will likely order a prostate-specifics antigen (PSA) test and do a digital rectal exam during the diagnostic workup to assess this possibility,” added Harvard Health Medical School.

If you are worried about erectile dysfunction, your GP may prescribe antibiotics to treat the problem, but it could take several weeks for it to clear and for normal erections to return.

The NHS said: “Men are not routinely offered PSA tests to screen for prostate cancer, as results can be unreliable. Men over 50 can ask for a PSA test from their GP.

“This is because the PSA blood test is not specific to prostate cancer. Your PSA level can also be raised by other, non-cancerous conditions.

“Raised PSA levels also can’t tell a doctor whether a man has life-threatening prostate cancer or not.”

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Your erectile dysfunction, which is also known as impotence, would be relatively new, according to medical website Cancer.Net.

It may be caused by a tumour interfering with your nerves or blood supply.

You should consider speaking to a doctor if your erection problems keep happening.

It’s unlikely to be caused by prostate cancer, but it’s still worth getting checked out.

“Some prostate cancers grow very slowly and may not cause symptoms or problems for years or ever,” it said.

“Even when prostate cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it often can be managed for a long time, allowing men even with advanced prostate cancer to live with good health and quality of life for many years.

“The symptoms and signs of prostate cancer may include frequent urination, blood in the urine, [and] new onset of erectile dysfunction.

“If you are concerned about any changes you experience, please talk with your doctor.”

According to Cancer Research UK, other symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • Passing urine more often
  • Getting up during the night to empty your bladder (nocturia)
  • Difficulty passing urine – this includes a weaker flow, not emptying your Bladder completely and straining when starting to empty your bladder
  • Urgency
  • Blood or semen in your urine

This article originally appeared on Daily Express :: Health Feed
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