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James Martin took over Prince Charles’ kitchen as royal warned ‘blow our heads off!’

James Martin, 49, is not unfamiliar with royal encounters and has met Prince Charles on a few occasions over the years. The Saturday Morning host had the opportunity to take over the Prince of Wales kitchen for an evening as he hosted an event at Clarence House.

The TV chef confessed it can often be “awkward” when cooking for notable people including royals and celebrities.

Speaking on Saturday Kitchen, James was later joined by the Prince of Wales where the latter made a cheeky comment.

It comes after the TV chef detailed to the royal what he planned to cook for him ahead of the banquet.

James began: “This is Clarence House. Home of Prince Charles and Duchess of Cornwall.

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“He’s making fresh horseradish sauce,” James explained.

While the royal appeared impressed by the meal he couldn’t help but issue a warning to the chef for making a fresh condiment sauce.

“Oh my God. Well, that will blow our heads off,” Prince Charles joked, in reference to the horseradish sauce.

Later in the clip, James praised the royal for his passion for food and supporting homegrown British products.

The event took place in 2014 when James previously worked as a presenter on BBC’s Saturday Kitchen.

The Yorkshire-born chef quit the programme in 2016 and now fronts his popular self-titled cooking programme Saturday Morning.

Taking to Twitter, James explained that he will be back filming new episodes next month.

He penned: “Sorry but we always have a summer break as sport is on normally and the Olympics… back in the studio next month.”

James Martin’s Saturday Morning airs today on ITV at 9.25am.

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Celebrity News

IR35: Britons warned of tax ‘minefield’ with new changes – how to check status

IR35, formally known as off-payroll working rules, are a tool used by HMRC to check whether a contractor is genuine. Some instances will arise where contractors are being “disguised” as employees for tax purposes, and thus IR35 is in place to ensure everyone pays their fair share. While the changes were first due to be introduced in April 2020, they were delayed by a year as a result of the COVID-19 crisis.

However, Mr Oury urged all Britons to take particular caution when it comes to IR35 decision making.

This is because each contract will be different, and therefore a separate IR35 decision will need to be made on each one.

This, he said, has the potential to create a “minefield” of decision making when it comes to IR35. 

IR35 rules will not apply in a number of circumstances, and these will be important to check.

If an organisation is not a UK limited company, for example, and is not supplying services to a client who is a limited company, IR35 will not apply.

If those doing the work concerned do not own more than five percent of the limited company, and the worker is not employed by the company concerned – similarly IR35 will not apply.

However, there will be many circumstances where IR35 does have to be taken into consideration.

This burden now lies with the client who must determine themselves if IR35 applies to the situation. 

The matter is complicated by the fact there is no single test to determine employment status for tax purposes.

As a result, then, a number of factors will have to be considered when it comes to decision making.

However, in an attempt to reduce this level of uncertainty, Oury Clark has developed an infographic flow chart which allows Britons to answer specific questions about their circumstances.

It is hoped this will provide further clarity to those who are currently dealing with IR35.

In a similar way, HMRC has developed a tool known as Check Employment Status for Tax (CEST).

But it is worth noting some experts have criticised the tool for failing to provide a response in some circumstances.

Responding to this recently, HMRC told Express.co.uk: “In the vast majority of cases, the free CEST tool will determine the worker’s employment status for tax and NICs. In the minority of more finely balanced cases, CEST will give an undetermined outcome.

“To reach a view in all cases HMRC would need to add more complex questions, increasing the burden of using the tool for the majority of users. HMRC has recently launched an enhanced customer support offering where users can speak to an online adviser for help whilst using the tool.”

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Finance Feed

The FDA and CDC issued an unusual rebuke to the pharmaceutical company hours after it warned of waning immunity from its coronavirus vaccine

But as the Biden administration struggles to boost low vaccination rates in Southern states amid a troublesome level of Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy, decisions about safety precautions in schools will be made, as always, at the local level.
Those decisions have already become a hot political topic as fall approaches, with Republican Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, for example, banning mask mandates in public schools earlier this year, while California health officials announced Friday that they would continue to require students and teachers to wear face coverings indoors even though the CDC’s new guidance said vaccinated teachers and students don’t need to wear masks inside school buildings.
The CDC’s new guidance comes when many parents are still anxious about the risks of Covid-19 variants, as well as the many unknowns about what the long-term effects of Covid infections could be in children.
As school districts brace for the uncertainty of another semester with many unvaccinated children, Pfizer sent a jolt of alarm through the country by announcing Thursday that it is seeing waning immunity from its coronavirus vaccine and it will seek emergency use authorization from the US Food and Drug Administration in August for a booster dose. In an unusual rebuke, the FDA and the CDC released a joint statement hours after the Pfizer missive saying boosters were not needed yet, and Biden administration officials sought to amplify that message Friday.
A very small number of children up to age 18 have died from Covid-19 in the US — 391 out of more than 606,000 deaths, according to CDC data. But there is great uneasiness among parents since only children 12 and older are currently eligible to be vaccinated. There have been notable outbreaks at summer camps this year, including infections among more than 125 campers and adults who attended a summer camp run by a South Texas church. And the risk of new variants remains an intense concern in communities with high numbers of unvaccinated people.
Dr. Peter Hotez, dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, voiced those concerns about the lack of study on the long-term effects of Covid-19 in children during an interview on CNN’s “The Lead” Friday afternoon. He noted that the data about children is often presented in terms of deaths and hospitalizations, numbers he acknowledged are “relatively low” in that population.
“We need clarification on the percentage of children who have debilitating effects from Covid, especially neurological effects in the developing brain,” Hotez told CNN’s Pamela Brown. “We need the pediatric neurological societies to really look into this more in depth. … We tend to use very blunt instruments when talking about either adolescents’ or children’s deaths, and only hospitalizations. There are so many more dimensions to Covid than that.”

New confusion about booster shots

This week’s Pfizer announcement not only sparked new confusion about when booster shots might be needed for adults but also created a potential opportunity for anti-vaccine activists who are looking to undermine public confidence in the shots.
Back in April, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla suggested that “there will be likely a need for a third dose, somewhere between six and 12 months” after the first round. On Thursday, the company confirmed his prediction in a formal statement, citing a recent statement from Israel’s Ministry of Health that said the efficacy of the Pfizer vaccine declined after six months, along with unreleased data from the company’s ongoing studies.
Pfizer offered an important caveat that was mostly lost in the shock of its announcement, confirming that the vaccine’s protection against “severe disease remained high across the full six months.” The drop in efficacy manifested as a rise in symptomatic illness, the company said, while also pointing to the emergence of dangerous new variants as reason to get a jump on authorization for a booster.
But the hazy reasoning behind Pfizer’s declaration, which was delivered without clear clinical evidence of its underlying assertion, was met with the sharp contradictory statement from the leading US regulatory agencies.
“Americans who have been fully vaccinated do not need a booster shot at this time,” the CDC and FDA said in their rare joint statement. “FDA, CDC, and NIH (the National Institutes of Health) are engaged in a science-based, rigorous process to consider whether or when a booster might be necessary.”
The message from the government agencies was clear: The decision was not Pfizer’s to make.
“This process takes into account laboratory data, clinical trial data, and cohort data — which can include data from specific pharmaceutical companies, but does not rely on those data exclusively,” they said in the statement.
In an interview with CNN’s Wolf Blitzer on Friday night, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s leading infectious diseases specialist, disputed the idea that Americans were receiving a “mixed message” and said it is important for them to trust that their government agencies will tell them when and whether they might need a booster shot.
“We respect what the pharmaceutical company is doing, but the American public should take their advice from the CDC and the FDA,” said Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. “The important bottom line in all of this is that the efficacy (of the vaccine) against severe disease — particularly hospitalization that might lead to death in some individuals — was still really very good.”
White House press secretary Jen Psaki stressed Friday afternoon that the decision about when a booster might be needed is “going to be led by the data and by the science.”
“We wanted to make clear that that is not something that the American people need to plan for at this moment,” Psaki said.
As concerning as Pfizer’s claim might have been to some, the public clash between the pharmaceutical giant and top US government agencies could foreshadow something worse.
Public and private institutions have largely spoken with one voice as the vaccines were developed and distributed, a useful tool for public health leaders working to chip away at hesitance as they pushed forward with this unprecedented mass vaccination campaign.
But signals of a divide between the two could deal a devastating setback to that project, offering fodder to anti-vaccination agitators.
Asked at the briefing whether the administration would push for coordination on these kinds of announcements — as a way of preventing another similar back-and-forth — Psaki appeared to betray some frustration with Pfizer’s actions.
“They are a private-sector company. I can’t speak to the origin or the motivation of their announcement. You’d have to ask them that,” Psaki said. “But the role we can play, from the US government, is to provide accurate information and public health information, which is what we’ve ventured to do last night pretty rapidly in response to the announcement.”

Huge challenge in regional divide over vaccines

As school districts look to the fall semester, Biden’s team is redoubling its efforts to deploy trusted messengers into communities where vaccine uptake is low, but the challenge is monumental given the political polarization in this country and the unfortunate fact that masks and vaccines remain divisive territory.
An analysis by Georgetown University this week underscored the political challenge of changing the mindset of those who remain unvaccinated by showing the huge clusters of unvaccinated people in the Southern United States. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that vaccine coverage maps bear a striking resemblance to the 2020 election results map — meaning it may be very hard for the Biden administration to shift attitudes toward vaccine acceptance in those regions.
The CDC guidance on schools is likely to become part of that debate, just as it was last year when President Donald Trump was in office.
The CDC stressed Friday that schools should continue using safety precautions, including masking and physical distancing, while encouraging those who are eligible to get vaccinated, such as offering vaccines on site and providing paid sick leave for employees to get vaccinated.
Fully vaccinated teachers and students do not need to wear masks, the guidance said, but the CDC still wants to see unvaccinated children masked indoors and for schools to continue physical distancing if not everyone is vaccinated.
Schools that want to begin phasing out pandemic precautions should do so carefully, the CDC said, by removing them one at a time — if community transmission levels are low — while continuing a robust testing regimen to monitor for increases in spread before removing the next safety measure.
Dr. Megan Ranney, an emergency physician at Rhode Island Hospital and an associate professor at Brown University, noted that she has been a proponent of schools being open even before vaccines were on the scene. But now she is concerned that “the states that have low vaccination rates are also the states that are less likely to put the non-pharmaceutical interventions in place.”
“They’re going to be less likely to say that kids should mask in school,” Ranney said Friday on CNN’s “Inside Politics.” “So they’re going to be setting up their communities, not just for the spread of the virus within the kids, but also within the larger community. Because those kids are then going to spread Covid on to their parents and grandparents and extracurricular school instructors. That’s what worries me even more than whether we can open the schools or not.”

Author: Analysis by Maeve Reston and Gregory Krieg, CNN
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Chaos above Black Sea: Russian jets intercept ‘US spy plane’ – warned away from border

The Russian Su-30 fighters intercepted the US Navy Boeing P-8 Poseidon multi-mission maritime patrol plane over the waterway, Russia’s National Defense Control Center reported this morning. Russian radar stations had detected what they described as an “aerial target” approaching Russia’s state border.

The fighters, from the Black Sea Fleet’s quick reaction alert naval aviation and air defense forces, were scrambled to investigate, the statement explained.

The National Defense Control Center added: “The crews of the Russian fighters identified the aerial target as a Boeing P-8 Poseidon aircraft, and shadowed it over the Black Sea.”

The statement insisted the aircraft, which belonged to the United States, was “not allowed to violate Russia’s state border.”

Separately, Russia is tracking a Spanish naval ship in the Black Sea, the Interfax news agency cited Russia’s defence ministry as saying on Wednesday, with both Ukraine and NATO countries both holding military drills in the area.

The ministry said the Spanish ship had entered the Black Sea on Wednesday to take part in the Sea Breeze 2021 military drills, which started late last month in the Black Sea and southern Ukraine and involve more than 30 countries.

(More to follow)

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Author: Ciaran McGrath
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: World Feed

England warned over ‘biggest test’ of Euro 2020 against Denmark – EXCLUSIVE

Former Manchester United and England defender Paul Parker has suggested that Denmark will provide Gareth Southgate‘s side with their toughest challenge of Euro 2020 in Wednesday evening’s semi-final clash. The Three Lions will go into the all-important match at Wembley Stadium with high hopes of downing the Danes to reach a first major tournament final since the World Cup in 1966.

England are yet to concede a single goal at the Euros and have been widely tipped to progress to Sunday’s final at the expense of Denmark.

Southgate’s men have enjoyed a strong campaign in which they have successfully matched their efforts at the last World Cup to reach a second tournament semi-final in three years.

Two wins and a draw in Group D set up a mouthwatering first knockout round clash with Germany, a test that England passed with flying colours.

Saturday’s quarter-final against a spirited Ukraine side threatened to serve as a potential banana skin, but the Three Lions also rose to that challenge, coasting to a 4-0 victory under the lights in Rome.

England are widely considered to be the favourites ahead of Wednesday’s last-four meeting with Denmark, but Parker is not convinced that it will be plain sailing.

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The 57-year-old, who played for England in their semi-final defeat to Germany at the World Cup in 1990, exclusively told Express Sport that he is expecting a tough test at Wembley when the likes of Harry Kane and Raheem Sterling go into battle once again.

“England are in another semi-final in the Euro competition,” said Parker. “They’ve had the easiest path but the path has got very, very difficult.

“They’re up against a team which everyone is quite sentimental about, a team that’s maybe gained a bit more momentum off the back of how they nearly lost one of their team-mates.

“Secondly, how UEFA dealt with them after that and it could’ve cost them. But somehow they’ve got through that somehow with the skin of their teeth, to get through off two defeats and a win [in the group stage].

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“So this is going to be England’s biggest test. It isn’t against a big-name country.

“It’s up against a team which is a team, not a team full of individuals. So this is going to be very, very difficult for England and Gareth Southgate.

“As much as he’s most enjoyed this moment of two tournaments and getting to two semi-finals, this is going to be his biggest concern really.”

Parker went on to suggest that England’s heroes will be motivated by the level of stardom they would enjoy by reaching the final of the Euros, with matches like Wednesday’s last-four clash able to separate the good from the great.

“The greatest thing of all about being in the semi-final is that they’re not coming up against Germany, I think we have to say that,” added the former United man.

“Yes, we’ve got Germany out of the way, but it’s not a semi-final which they seem to like against us.

“I would just say that in their minds and everything, it’s just one of those moments knowing the difference between them being what they are or them stepping into another level of being a footballer by reaching a final.

“That level which only the people from 1966 can talk about, that’s the level they are going to go into.”

Parker was speaking to Express Sport on behalf of Outlaw Pro, who are launching a six-part mini-series where Parker will join fellow ex-footballers in being trained by multi-world champion anglers on BT Sport next year.

Author: Archie Griggs
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: Sport

Houston group home operator warned of safety violations weeks before deadly fire, HPD says

HOUSTON, Texas (KTRK) — Last year, the operator of a group home was warned about major fire safety violations two weeks before the fire that killed a resident, court records show.

Felicia Ekpouko, 63, is charged with injury to an elderly or disabled individual by omission, which is considered a felony. She is being held in jail and is expected to make her first court appearance Friday morning.

The fire happened on Aug. 11, 2020, at 6111 Gladewell in the Alief area. The Houston Fire Department said seven people were living there at the time, and several of them had special needs.

RELATED: 1 killed in fire at group home for people with special needs in SW Houston

The victim killed in the fire was Charles A. Dunn, who was described in court documents as one of society’s most vulnerable, “deaf-mute, elderly and physically disabled.” The 68-year-old did not make it out of the house and police believe he may have never known there was a fire.

Records show Ekpouko was warned on July 28, 2020, about a slew of safety violations. She was cited by HPD Boarding Home Enforcement Unit Officers for at least five violations, which included having a deadbolt on the front door, fire extinguishers that had not been inspected annually as required by law, and no visual smoke alarms that would warn a hearing-impaired resident, like Dunn, of a fire.

Dunn died from smoke inhalation and was “still in bed,” when firefighters found him, records said. In the meantime, the other six residents “were in a panic” at the front door, which was locked with a deadbolt. They were finally able to escape through a side door.

Ekpouko does not yet have an attorney of record.

According to court documents, when investigators asked Ekpouko, who admitted to operating group homes in Houston for 12 years, why she did not correct the problems, she told them it was “on her list of things to do” but could not because of “coronavirus.”

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Author: Jessica Willey

This post originally appeared on ABC13 RSS Feed

Gareth Southgate vows 'more to come' from England as Germany, Portugal and France warned

Raheem Sterling fired England to the top of Group D at Euro 2020 – and into the unknown. The 1-0 win against Czech Republic leaves England with a nervous wait to see who finishes second in Group F. Depending on results between France and Portugal, and Germany against Hungary, any of the four could be England’s opponents at Wembley on Tuesday.

However, Sterling, who netted his second goal of the tournament, is very much of the mind: “Bring it on!”

He said: “At some point you have to face the best teams. It is about challenging yourselves. The most important thing was to win the group.

“It’s tournament football, it’s very different to being at your clubs. We just need to get to see games out a little bit better. We’re making good progress and now it’s time for a big challenge.”

Bukayo Saka was named man-of-the-match and Sterling feels the Arsenal winger can get England buzzing in the knockout stages.

“I thought Bukayo Saka was brilliant,” he said. “He got in the pockets of space, drove at people and was direct.

“He’s tough, he’s funny, he gets on with everyone in the dressing room – I’m buzzing for him.”

The game saw Jordan Henderson and Harry Maguire in action for the first time and Gareth Southgate admitted he would need his full squad firing if England are to go much further.

“These will be different games,” he said. “World champions, European champions or Germany who are back on song.

“Whoever we play will be tough opposition but we have known the route through for 18 months. But the good thing is that we are still improving – there is more to come from us.

“We said to the players before the game that the pressure was off, we had qualified but there was still something to achieve by winning th Group which was always our target.

“First or second, there was no way of knowing what is the better route and there’s no way of knowing who we will face next but you have to take control of what you can achieve and we wanted to stay at Wembley.

Southgate added: “The coronavirus situation is not helpful for us as a team, but devastating for the two boys.

“They are in a major championship and have had to miss out on a big part of it in this way. It feels incredibly harsh.

“We have been incredibly vigilant throughout and what has happened with the two boys has been an anomaly.

“We have had to speak to the players again to remind them but frankly we have not come unstuck in the past and how we have come unstuck and others haven’t is beyond comprehension.

“Just because there is some evidence of ours, but the situation with others has been a higher risk in terms of passing the virus on.” 

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: Sport Feed

Ireland next! EU warned Irexit emerging as 'credible' future prospect – Brussels on alert

The EU has told Prime Minister Boris Johnson that the bloc is ready to act “firmly and resolutely” to ensure the UK respects its commitments in the Northern Ireland Protocol. The UK is unilaterally planning to extend a “grace period” to allow Northern Irish shops to continue selling chilled meats, including sausages and mince, from Britain once it expires at the end of June. However, last week, the European Commission Vice President Maros Sefcovic said they would “not be shy” in taking action to ensure that the UK abides by its international commitments.

The UK angered Brussels in recent months by unilaterally extending grace periods in the protocol on supermarket goods and parcels.

Mr Sefcovic added: “Unfortunately, we see numerous and fundamental gaps in the UK’s implementation – even though the protocol entered into force over 17 months ago.

“Mutually agreed compliance paths, with concrete deadlines and milestones for the UK to fulfil its existing obligations, would therefore be an important stepping stone – and, I believe, a credible outcome of this joint committee,” Sefcovic added.

“If this does not happen, and if the UK takes further unilateral action over the coming weeks, the EU will not be shy in reacting swiftly, firmly and resolutely to ensure that the UK abides by its international law obligations.”

In a recent report, though, Ray Bassett, the former Irish ambassador to Canada, warned Brussels that its behaviour could be making the case for an Irish Brexit stronger.

He explained: “Many in the Republic understand this and it is clear that the situation calls for direct talks between Dublin and London to sort out this local issue, with flexibility on all sides. Co-operation on an overhaul of the protocol could be the catalyst for a reset of Irish/British relations. That, however, is something that the EU will never countenance.

“Perhaps this would matter less if the EU was taking Dublin’s other interests more seriously, yet Brussels has time and again proved a poor partner.”

Mr Bassett noted Ireland, just like the UK, has extensive and rich fishing grounds and under the Common Fisheries Policy, the local fishing fleet is only allocated 15.5 percent of the stocks in Irish waters.

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This was partially compensated for by quotas inside UK waters but after Brexit, the Commission imposed very large cuts on the Irish allocation in the British maritime area, the largest cuts of any EU nation.

He added: “The interests of France, Spain and the Netherlands clearly trumped those of the Irish.”

Mr Bassett concluded in his piece for Briefings for Britain: “Ireland’s two main trading partners are the UK and the USA, with total non-EU trade accounting for well over 60 percent, by far the highest percentage of any EU country.

“The US and the UK are the largest overseas investors in Ireland and between them they receive the bulk of Ireland’s growing external investment. Ireland is part of the Anglosphere of English-speaking countries.

“There are other developments inside the EU which are not to the Irish public’s taste. The growing demand, especially by Germany, for a common foreign policy based on majority voting in the European Council, a push for greater militarisation of the EU, and Ireland’s growing net contribution to the EU budget will all place a strain on the traditional Irish pro-EU sentiment.

“These changes could yet cause an eventual rupture with Brussels. Irexit may be emerging as a credible prospect in the future.”

In an exclusive interview with Express.co.uk, Mr Johnson’s trade adviser Shanker Singham echoed Mr Bassett’s claims as he insisted the level of trust between Ireland and Brussels was never going to be the same after the EU’s blunder earlier this year.

At the end of January, the EU said it would be triggering an emergency provision in the Brexit deal to control COVID-19 vaccine exports, including the possible introduction of checks at the border of Ireland and Northern Ireland to prevent shipments entering the UK.

The move was immediately met with fierce condemnation from London, Belfast, and Dublin and the EU performed a swift U-turn.

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Mr Singham explained: “It was a spectacular blunder. It is quite hard to imagine doing anything worse than this.

“And the speed, in which they said they can under certain circumstances put a border on the island without consulting anyone…

“Well, it has without a doubt affected their relationship with Ireland significantly.”

The trade expert added: “The Irish government must be highly suspicious of anything the EU is doing or saying now.

“Because if I were them, I wouldn’t think the EU has necessarily my best interests at heart.

“Obviously, the EU has 27 member states with their own interests… so the notion that they would privilege the Irish has never made much sense.

“But it has now made the Irish understand they are not a priority in respect to the EU.”

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: World Feed

Brexit outrage as UK warned it can 'never escape' EU influence

UK and EU‘s post-Brexit relations have continued to deteriorate in recent weeks as Brussels hits out at Boris Johnson over the Northern Ireland protocol. The EU has warned it will retaliate “swiftly, firmly and resolutely” if the UK continues to challenge Brussels on the Northern Ireland protocol. The row comes as the Government is reported to be considering unilaterally extending the grace periods under the protocol that give businesses in Northern Ireland time to adapt to new rules – including for the import of chilled meats such as sausages and mince from Britain.

The grace periods are due to expire at the end of June but, according to the Telegraph, Prime Minister Boris Johnson is contemplating extending them in the face of a lack of progress towards a new agreement.

This comes amid tension over the City of London’s access to European markets and a recent furore in France over access to Jersey’s fishing waters.

While the UK left the EU to seek more independence, an expert believes Britain will “never entirely escape the gravitational pull of the EU”.

Martin Westlake of the London School of Economics warned in December that the UK will simply need “a relationship with its largest trading partner, whatever form it ultimately takes (and it is probably going to take a long time for the rhetoric to dissipate and the dust to settle).”

He also highlighted the UK will face similar dilemmas to that of countries like Switzerland, Norway and Iceland – all of which are not EU members.

Mr Westlake added: “To take some examples, countries like Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway enjoy all the benefits of the EU’s internal market through their membership of the EEA, but they have had to accept in return that they will have no direct say in the market rules by which they have to abide.”

The expert concluded his essay saying: “Of course, the UK economy will not wither and die once the UK has entirely left the EU – far from it; but, because of the ‘Brussels effect’, it can never entirely escape the gravitational pull of the EU and its internal market.”

READ MORE: Von der Leyen: EU ‘in trouble’ and Germany at ‘dangerous’ point’

Earlier this month, Swiss foreign minister Ignazio Cassis pulled the plug on talks as the country’s government rejected the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice and a free movement directive that would offer permanent residence to EU citizens, with access to social security services.

But Switzerland also faces its own economic conundrum, as the EU has not granted Bern equivalence – meaning it is excluded from parts of the European market.

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This post originally appeared on Daily Express :: UK Feed