The monkeypox virus was diagnosed in the UK for the first time on Saturday (September 8), Public Health England revealed.
A Nigerian patient contracted the infection before travelling to England.
They were staying in a naval base in Cornwall, before being transferred to the expert infectious disease unit at the Royal Free Hospital in London.
Monkeypox is similar to both smallpox (which has been eradicated), and the commonly known chickenpox. But, what’s the difference between monkeypox and chickenpox?
Both monkeypox and chickenpox before with similar, flu-like symptoms. That includes tiredness and headaches.
After a number of days, patients may develop a fever, which instigates the “skin eruption period”, said the World Health Organization (WHO).
A rash becomes visible all over the body, especially on the face, it said.
The rash then turned into itchy, fluid-filled blisters, added the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
But, monkeypox isn’t as contagious as chickenpox, revealed Now Patient’s Chief Medical Officer, Dr Andrew Thornber.
“Monkeypox is quite a rare disease and isn’t as contagious as say chickenpox,” Thornber told Express.co.uk.
“It can be spread from person-to-person, but there is a very low risk of it being transmitted to the general population, so the public should not worry.”
While monkeypox isn’t as contagious, it’s potentially more fatal.
During outbreaks of monkeypox, between one and 10 per cent of patients died from the virus, said the WHO.
But, just one chickenpox patient in every 60,000 cases dies from the infection.
“Complications from chickenpox can occur, but they are not common in healthy people who get the disease,” said the CDC.
“Serious complications from chickenpox include pneumonia, dehydration, bleeding problems, and inflammation of the brain.”
Monkeypox complications include bacterial infections, pneumonia and dehydration.
Monkeypox is usually found in remote parts of central and west Africa, near tropical rainforests.
While it can be transferred between humans, it’s mainly transmitted by infected animals.
Rodents and primates are most likely to pass on the deadly viral infection.
There’s currently no treatment or vaccine available for monkeypox, said the WHO.
If you think you may be infected with the virus, it’s best to stay at home so you don’t pass it on to other people.