Type 2 diabetes is a common condition in the UK and is often caused by being overweight or obese.
If left untreated, complications can occur such as eye and foot problems and even heart attack and stroke.
Those diagnosed with the condition or those looking to prevent it developing are advised to make simple changes to their diet, such as counting the amount of carbohydrates they eat.
Choosing foods with unsaturated fat instead of saturated fat, eating less salt, and avoiding fatty or processed meat are also among the recommendations. But when it comes to coffee, should you be drinking it?
According to research drinking coffee could help to prevent type 2 diabetes and improve glucose tolerance.
The study, titled ‘Coffee and type 2 diabetes: From beans to beta-cells’, showed a lower risk of diabetes in code drinkers compared to non-drinkers.
Equally a higher intake of caffeine was accompanied with a reduced risk of re-diabetes.
Dr Sarah Brewer, working in association with CuraLin diabetes supplement, explained: “Diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose (sugar) levels rise too high.
“Your body normally controls blood glucose levels with a narrow range. This balance is partly regulated by insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas gland.
“Insulin is needed for glucose to enter muscle and fat cells for storage or use as a fuel.
“If your cells stop responding to it (as with type 2 diabetes), then glucose cannot leave the circulation and blood levels rise.”
Having type 2 diabetes involves major changes to diet and lifestyle to help bring blood glucose levels down to the target agreed with your doctor.
Dr Brewer warned: “If you don’t take steps to control your blood glucose levels, then you are at risk of serious long-term health complications, including loss of vision, heart disease, kidney disease, leg ulcers and even amputation.”
If you’re not a fan of a flat white then what else can you do to lower your risk of type 2 diabetes?
Dr Brewer recommended: “Herbal medicines can improve glucose levels, such as CuraLin – a blend of 10 traditional Ayurvedic medicinal herbs, including bitter melon, fenugreek, alma fruit and turmeric.
“These herbs are prescribed by Ayurvedic doctors to help support glucose balancing.
“By combining different herbs which work in different ways glucose tolerance can improve through different mechanisms.”
Dr Brewer added: “CuraLin is ideal for someone who is diagnosed with pre diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance and is not currently taking any medication and for someone who is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and is being managed with diet and lifestyle changes alone.”
Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be hard to detect because they are do not always show and can develop gradually.
But if signs do show, one to note is urinating more often than normal, particularly needing to do so during the night.