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Snapshots of Ultrafast Switching in Quantum Electronics Could Lead to Faster Computing Devices

Capturing Ultrafast Atomic Motions Inside Tiny Switches

A team of researchers created a new method to capture ultrafast atomic motions inside the tiny switches that control the flow of current in electronic circuits. Pictured here are Aditya Sood (left) and Aaron Lindenberg (right). Credit: Greg Stewart/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Scientists Take First Snapshots of Ultrafast Switching in a Quantum Electronic Device

They discover a short-lived state that could lead to faster and more energy-efficient computing devices.

 Electronic circuits that compute and store information contain millions of tiny switches that control the flow of electric current. A deeper understanding of how these tiny switches work could help researchers push the frontiers of modern computing.

Now scientists have made the first snapshots of atoms moving inside one of those switches as it turns on and off. Among other things, they discovered a short-lived state within the switch that might someday be exploited for faster and more energy-efficient computing devices.

The research team from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Hewlett Packard Labs, Penn State University and Purdue University described their work in a paper published in Science today (July 15, 2021).

“This research is a breakthrough in ultrafast technology and science,” says SLAC scientist and collaborator Xijie Wang. “It marks the first time that researchers used ultrafast electron diffraction, which can detect tiny atomic movements in a material by scattering a powerful beam of electrons off a sample, to observe an electronic device as it operates.”

Ultrafast Switching Quantum Electronic Device

The team used electrical pulses, shown here in blue, to turn their custom-made switches on and off several times. They timed these electrical pulses to arrive just before the electron pulses produced by SLAC’s ultrafast electron diffraction source MeV-UED, which captured the atomic motions happening inside these switches as they turned on and off. Credit: Greg Stewart/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Capturing the cycle

For this experiment, the team custom-designed miniature electronic switches made of vanadium dioxide, a prototypical quantum material whose ability to change back and forth between insulating and electrically conducting states near room temperature could be harnessed as a switch for future computing. The material also has applications in brain-inspired computing because of its ability to create electronic pulses that mimic the neural impulses fired in the human brain.

The researchers used electrical pulses to toggle these switches back and forth between the insulating and conducting states while taking snapshots that showed subtle changes in the arrangement of their atoms over billionths of a second. Those snapshots, taken with SLAC’s ultrafast electron diffraction camera, MeV-UED, were strung together to create a molecular movie of the atomic motions.

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Lead researcher Aditya Sood discusses new research which could lead to a better understanding of how the tiny switches inside electronic circuits work. Credit: Olivier Bonin/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

“This ultrafast camera can actually look inside a material and take snapshots of how its atoms move in response to a sharp pulse of electrical excitation,” said collaborator Aaron Lindenberg, an investigator with the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences (SIMES) at SLAC and a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. “At the same time, it also measures how the electronic properties of that material change over time.”

With this camera, the team discovered a new, intermediate state within the material. It is created when the material responds to an electric pulse by switching from the insulating to the conducting state.

“The insulating and conducting states have slightly different atomic arrangements, and it usually takes energy to go from one to the other,” said SLAC scientist and collaborator Xiaozhe Shen. “But when the transition takes place through this intermediate state, the switch can take place without any changes to the atomic arrangement.”

Opening a window on atomic motion

Although the intermediate state exists for only a few millionths of a second, it is stabilized by defects in the material.

To follow up on this research, the team is investigating how to engineer these defects in materials to make this new state more stable and longer lasting. This will allow them to make devices in which electronic switching can occur without any atomic motion, which would operate faster and require less energy.

“The results demonstrate the robustness of the electrical switching over millions of cycles and identify possible limits to the switching speeds of such devices,” said collaborator Shriram Ramanathan, a professor at Purdue. “The research provides invaluable data on microscopic phenomena that occur during device operations, which is crucial for designing circuit models in the future.”

The research also offers a new way of synthesizing materials that do not exist under natural conditions, allowing scientists to observe them on ultrafast timescales and then potentially tune their properties.

“This method gives us a new way of watching devices as they function, opening a window to look at how the atoms move,” said lead author and SIMES researcher Aditya Sood. “It is exciting to bring together ideas from the traditionally distinct fields of electrical engineering and ultrafast science. Our approach will enable the creation of next-generation electronic devices that can meet the world’s growing needs for data-intensive, intelligent computing.”

MeV-UED is an instrument of the LCLS user facility, operated by SLAC on behalf of the DOE Office of Science, who funded this research.

SLAC is a vibrant multiprogram laboratory that explores how the universe works at the biggest, smallest and fastest scales and invents powerful tools used by scientists around the globe. With research spanning particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology, materials, chemistry, bio- and energy sciences and scientific computing, we help solve real-world problems and advance the interests of the nation.

SLAC is operated by Stanford University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.

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This post originally posted here The European Times News

Expert shares six indications that dry eye could lead to ‘concerning eye problems’

Marchetti said that when eyes are “overused, or there is a lack of blinking”, the tear glands don’t produce enough tears to lubricate the eyes.

“When this eye action fails, dry spots appear on the surface of the eye,” she pointed out.

Dry eye syndrome can make driving and reading uncomfortable, and you may become more sensitive to light.

“As a consequence, concentration can also be affected,” said Marchetti, which means you could be a danger to other people on the roads.

Read More: Best supplements: Cinnamon to lower blood sugar

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This post originally posted here Daily Express :: Health
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Climate, immigration, Medicare lead progressive highlights in Dems’ $3.5T budget plan

Senate Democrats’ $ 3.5 trillion spending package will unleash a gusher of hundreds of billions of dollars for progressive priorities, from climate programs to an expansion of Medicare to promised green cards for some undocumented immigrants, according to new details released on Wednesday.

Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, Budget Chair Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Sen. Mark Warner (D-Va.), a moderate on the budget panel, briefed the rest of the Democratic caucus during lunch with President Joe Biden in the Capitol on Wednesday. They discussed some of the biggest components of the planned spending bill that Democrats aim to pass without Republican support using the budget process. That filibuster-proof process starts with a budget resolution, which Senate Democrats have agreed to set at a ceiling of $ 3.5 trillion.

And while that resolution’s text is still forthcoming, once it arrives it will have few specifics of how Democrats will turn Biden’s priorities into legislation. That makes the policy highlights unveiled Wednesday, as vague as they are, a meaningful spotlight on the scope of the party’s spending ambitions, which would be financed by a shaky combination of tax reform, health savings like lowering prescription drug costs, and the assumption of long-term economic growth.

“Let me be clear — this is a huge bill. This is a complicated bill. This is a transformative bill,” Sanders told reporters after lunch. “In some cases, it doesn’t provide all the funding that I would like right now.”

But with 50 Democrats in the upper chamber and no votes to lose, “compromises have to be made,” Sanders said.

The proposal would expand Medicare to cover dental, vision and hearing services for seniors. It would also fund health care for about 2 million people living in red states that have refused to expand Medicaid. Both provisions were major priorities for liberals, who had originally pushed for trillions of dollars more in a total package.

As promised, the plan will include key commitments from Biden’s “families” and “jobs” plans, including universal prekindergarten for 3- and 4-year-olds, child care subsidies and an increase in the maximum Pell Grant to defray college costs for lower-income students. Democratic leaders also intend to fulfill the president’s pledge to provide more nutrition assistance, paid family and medical leave, and affordable housing.

Democrats plan to use the package to extend the popular increase in the Child Tax Credit, which Congress boosted in March, to a maximum of $ 3,600 a year for children under 6 years old and $ 3,000 for older kids. The plan would also continue the current increase for the Earned Income Tax Credit and the tax break for child care costs.

Many Democrats have called for a permanent extension of the Child Tax Credit, which the IRS will start sending out in monthly payments on Thursday. But Senate Democrats aren’t yet specifying the length of the extension they want to provide, stressing that it depends on the cost of the bill and additional input from lawmakers.

Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.), who leads the Congressional Progressive Caucus, cited key wins during a call with reporters on Wednesday, including universal child care, paid leave and the Medicare expansion provisions.

“There isn’t a big area of our priorities that was left out,” she said. Still, progressives will be pushing for bigger investments in child and elder care.

“You can be assured, we are pushing for as much as we can possibly get,” Jayapal said.

The inclusion of immigration policy in Democrats’ still-unwritten party-line spending bill is another huge demand for both progressives and members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Both groups were relieved to see their issue included in the budget highlights, though they received few details. It’s also unclear if immigration reform will withstand the scrutiny of the Senate parliamentarian, the official who decides which provisions pass muster with the byzantine rules guiding the budget reconciliation process that governs the bill’s fate.

Progressives and Hispanic Caucus members have pushed for a pathway to citizenship for several key undocumented groups, including so-called Dreamers who were brought to the U.S. as children and “essential workers” during the pandemic, including farmworkers. But a senior Democratic aide confirmed only that the budget would include legal permanent residence for immigrants, without providing additional details — which may not be known for weeks.

The early approval that the budget blueprint won from the left wing of the party didn’t extend across the entire House Democratic caucus. Several moderates privately balked at the overall price tag, which they feared would require hefty tax hikes to pay for the package and fuel GOP attacks.

To help pay for the plan, Senate Democrats plan to beef up tax enforcement and raise corporate and international taxes. They are also seeking to hike rates on “high-income” individuals, but have yet to agree on exactly what income brackets would be hit and how much more those earners would pay.

Three kinds of tax hikes are off that table, however: increases on families making less than $ 400,000 a year, small businesses and family farms — a sign that Democrats are leery of attacks casting them as “tax-and-spend” liberals.

On climate, Democrats plan to include a clean energy standard that would deliver 80 percent clean electricity by 2030. How to structure that standard in order to survive the arcane reconciliation rules remains unclear, although Democrats and environmental advocates have brainstormed a number of possible approaches.

The budget resolution would also spell out funding for clean energy and electric vehicles incentives, a civilian climate corps, a clean energy accelerator and programs to boost weatherization and electrification of buildings. Democrats are pledging to deliver on Biden’s promise to curb greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent across the U.S. economy by 2030.

Democrats are also calling for “methane reduction” and “polluter import fees,” though it was not immediately clear what those policies would entail.

Some of the climate provisions are already giving Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.) heartburn, however. After lunch with Biden, Manchin, a centrist whose vote will be critical to the budget’s success, said he’s concerned about fossil fuels getting short shrift in the final bill.

“I want to see more of the details,” he said.

Marianne LeVine, Jennifer Scholtes, Alice Miranda Ollstein and Rachel Roubein contributed to this report.

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This post originally posted here Politics, Policy, Political News Top Stories

Vince hits maiden ton to lead England to series sweep

England beat Pakistan by three wickets to clinch a 3-0 ODI series whitewash after chasing a record 332 on #BlueForBob Day at Edgbaston; James Vince (102 from 95 balls) led the way with a maiden international ton; Babar Azam’s stunning 158 in vain for Pakistan

Last Updated: 13/07/21 10:37pm

The best of the action from the 3rd ODI between England and Pakistan

Sky Sports


The best of the action from the 3rd ODI between England and Pakistan

The best of the action from the 3rd ODI between England and Pakistan

James Vince scored a maiden international hundred to take England to a thrilling three-wicket win over Pakistan as they completed a 3-0 series sweep.

After Babar Azam made a masterful 158 to help the tourists reach 331-9, Phil Salt (37 from 22 balls) set the tone for the chase with a typically forceful knock but with the hosts precariously placed at 165-5, it was the class and composure of Vince (102 from 95) alongside Lewis Gregory (77 from 69) that allowed England to get over the line.

The pair put on 129 for the sixth wicket before they succumbed in successive Haris Rauf (4-65) overs, leaving Craig Overton (18no) and Brydon Carse, who claimed a first international five-for in the Pakistan innings, to complete the highest successful chase in a one-day international at Edgbaston with 12 balls to spare.

Carse (12no) finished it in style with a glorious cover drive for four to ensure the majority of a bumper ground on #BlueForBob Day could go home happy.

Ben Stokes won the toss and chose to bowl first but before play began, there was 45 seconds of applause to remember the late, great England bowler and former Sky Sports pundit Bob Willis and to signify that every 45 minutes in the UK a man dies of prostate cancer.

Edgbaston remembered the great Bob Willis and turned #BlueForBob to fight prostate cancer as England clinched a 3-0 ODI series sweep over Pakistan

Sky Sports 4:41
Edgbaston remembered the great Bob Willis and turned #BlueForBob to fight prostate cancer as England clinched a 3-0 ODI series sweep over Pakistan

Edgbaston remembered the great Bob Willis and turned #BlueForBob to fight prostate cancer as England clinched a 3-0 ODI series sweep over Pakistan

When play did get underway, the powerplay looked set to follow a similar pattern to the first two ODIs as player of the series Saqib Mahmood (3-60) struck early, claiming the first of his three wickets on the day when Fakhar Zaman was well caught by Zak Crawley at second slip.

Saqib Mahmood took three wickets at Edgbaston and was named player of the series for his nine across the three games

Saqib Mahmood took three wickets at Edgbaston and was named player of the series for his nine across the three games

However, Imam-ul-Haq (56), having survived when England opted not to review an lbw decision off Mahmood that would have seen him depart in the first over, and Babar took a patient approach to calmly take the visitors through the remainder of the powerplay and beyond without incurring any further damage.

The stand had reached 92 before it was broken by a moment of magic from Matt Parkinson. The legspinner tossed the ball up outside Imam’s off stump, dragging him forward; the ball dipped late and then turned sharply to fizz back through the gate and clatter into middle stump.

That brought Mohammad Rizwan to the crease and while Babar had taken 15 balls to get off the mark and steadily moved through the gears, Rizwan was full of positive intent from the off.

By now, Babar was well set and was timing his innings to perfection, turning a 72-ball fifty into a 104-ball century, his 18th in ODIs, with an array of stunning shots either side of the wicket.

The partnership had reached 179, a record for Pakistan in an ODI against England, by the time Rizwan (74 from 58) tickled a short ball from Carse behind down the legside in the 46th over to give the home side’s bowlers some respite from one end at least.

Pakistan's Babar Azam plays one of the great ODI knocks seen on an English ground as he powers through to 158

Sky Sports 1:57
Pakistan’s Babar Azam plays one of the great ODI knocks seen on an English ground as he powers through to 158

Pakistan’s Babar Azam plays one of the great ODI knocks seen on an English ground as he powers through to 158

Pakistan had passed 300 and were only three down heading into a jam-packed final three overs in which they lost six wickets for 24 runs, Carse (5-61) claimed four of them, including that of Babar in the last over, to become the first England bowler to take a five-wicket haul in an ODI at Edgbaston, while Mahmood took the other two to end with nine for the series.

At the halfway stage, chasing a record 332 with a hugely understrength side seemed a tall order, even on an excellent batting wicket but when Salt came out firing, hitting Shaheen Afridi for four boundaries in the first over, it was clear that England were far from daunted by the challenge.

Dawid Malan (0) departed in bizarre circumstances in the next over, given out caught behind to Hasan Ali and walking off without reviewing despite replays going on to show he had missed the ball by a distance.

England vs Pakistan

July 16, 2021, 6:00pm

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That strange dismissal did little to slow England’s progress though, Salt had Pakistan, Shaheen in particular, rattled and Crawley quickly took to his task with a couple of top-class straight drives.

Salt’s fun was ended at the start of the seventh over when he pulled Rauf’s first ball straight to midwicket and Crawley (39) followed when he played all around a straight one from the same bowler in the 13th to leave England 104-3.

England were well ahead of the required rate but wickets were the problem and the situation would have been far worse had Pakistan – whose fielding was lacklustre throughout – not dropped Stokes (32) twice off the bowling of Shadab Khan before the spinner finally got his man caught behind on the sweep.

When Shadab trapped John Simpson (3) lbw soon after, Pakistan were firmly in control with England five down and still 167 short of their target.

Crucially though, Vince remained and was showing all the poise and elegance of a well-established international batsman that so many believed he would have become by this stage of his career and in Gregory, he had a more than capable ally at the crease.

Lewis Gregory hit a maiden ODI half-century in a crucial partnership with Vince

Sky Sports 1:00
Lewis Gregory hit a maiden ODI half-century in a crucial partnership with Vince

Lewis Gregory hit a maiden ODI half-century in a crucial partnership with Vince

A combination of good running between the wickets and well-timed boundaries helped them whittle away at the total, and when Gregory brought up his first ODI fifty from 53 balls, he took the partnership to three figures as well.

Vince’s big moment came in the 41st over with a crunching pull shot for four taking him to a first England century, from 91 balls, in his 50th international innings.

Gregory launched two big sixes into the Hollies Stand to cement the hosts as firm favourites but when both set batsmen fell to Rauf with 29 more runs needed and only tailenders Mahmood and Parkinson left in the hutch, Pakistan were back in contention.

There was to be no dramatic comeback from the away side though as Overton and Carse finished the job for England to seal a special win on a special day in Birmingham.

Watch the first match of the IT20 series between England and Pakistan at Trent Bridge from 6pm on Friday on Sky Sports Cricket.

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This post originally posted here SkySports | News

Diabetes type 2: The sign of blood sugar in your feet that could lead to amputation

That’s because carbs are broken down into glucose (blood sugar) relatively fast, which can cause a marked rise in blood sugar levels.

“Vegetables, fruits, and whole grains provide more nutrition per calorie than refined carbohydrates and tend to be rich in fibre,” notes Harvard Health.

As it explains, “your body digests high-fibre foods more slowly — which means a more moderate rise in blood sugar”.

The health body adds: “Avoid highly refined carbohydrates such as white bread, pasta, and rice, as well as candy, sugary soft drinks, and sweets.”

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Heart attack: Three meal staples could lead to heart disease

As less blood reaches the heart muscle, the organ becomes deficient in nutrients and becomes weak. If no oxygen reaches the heart momentarily, then chest pain occurs (known as angina). Any prolonged starvation of oxygen will turn into a heart attack, which can be fatal. In regards to coronary artery disease, where does the fatty substances come from in the first place?

According to WebMD, three main meal staples could be contributing to the plaque problem.

Rice, bread, and pasta – made from white flour – is missing healthy fibre, vitamins, and minerals.

“Refined grains quickly convert to sugar, which your body stores as fat,” WebMD stated.

“A diet high in refined grains can cause belly fat, which studies link to heart disease.”

READ MORE: Ibuprofen side effects: Four ‘serious’ reactions – call a doctor straight away

The bran contains “important antioxidants, B vitamins and fibre”.

The germ possesses “many B vitamins, some protein, minerals, and healthy fats”.

Meanwhile, the endosperm has “starchy carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals”.

“White flour and white rice are refined grains,” the Oldways Whole Grains Council confirmed.

Both have had their bran and germ removed, leaving only the endosperm.

“Refining a grain removes about a quarter of the protein in a grain, and half to two thirds or more of nutrients,” the Oldways Whole Grains Council added.

However, when most grains around the world became refined grains, widespread nutritional problems occurred around the world.

Since then, many governments now require that refined grains are “enriched”.

“Enrichment adds back fewer than half a dozen of the many missing nutrients,” said the Oldways Whole Grains Council.

Researchers at Simon Fraser University, Canada, confirmed that “a high number of refined grains is associated with a higher risk of major cardiovascular disease”.

In the study, refined grains included bread, pasta and noodles made from white flour.

The illuminating results were published in The British Medical Journal.

Author: Chanel Georgina
Read more here >>> Daily Express :: Life and Style
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Lewis tied for Detroit lead, DeChambeau misses cut

England’s Tom Lewis flying high in Detroit as he shares the halfway lead with Joaquin Niemann at the Rocket Mortgage Classic, where defending champion Bryson DeChambeau crashed out.

Last Updated: 03/07/21 12:10am

Tom Lewis is tied for the halfway lead

Tom Lewis is tied for the halfway lead

Tom Lewis will go into the weekend of the Rocket Mortgage Classic in a share of the lead as defending champion Bryson DeChambeau missed the halfway cut in Detroit.

Lewis sits top of the 36-hole leaderboard for the first time in his PGA Tour career after he matched the three-under 69 of Joaquin Niemann to tie the Chilean on 10 under par, one shot clear of a chasing pack that includes popular American Max Homa.

But a troubled week for DeChambeau ended on Friday as rounds of 72 and 71 saw him miss the cut by two strokes, while his fellow US Open champions Webb Simpson and Gary Woodland also bowed out.

Lewis was looking for positive momentum to take into next week’s John Deere Classic, which represents his final chance to qualify for The 149th Open at Royal St George’s, where he enjoyed the first-round lead as an amateur the last time the Championship was staged in Sandwich 10 years ago.

And he is well placed to travel to TPC Deere Run on the back of a victory after a cautious second round in Detroit, carding three birdies and 15 pars in a solid performance that consolidated his opening 65, and he was particularly delighted to hole a nine-foot putt at the last to remain bogey-free for the tournament.

Lewis shares the lead with Joaquin Niemann

Lewis shares the lead with Joaquin Niemann

“That was big,” said the Englishman. “I was saying to my caddie, John, it would be nice to get up-and-down and go bogey-free for two rounds. It’s always nice doing that. I’m just happy, even if I did miss that putt, to be in the position I am going into the weekend. I’m really pleased with the way I’ve been playing.”

Lewis admitted he had mixed feelings over his chances for the weekend, declaring himself “confident and nervous”, and he knows that keeping his game together on Saturday will be crucial.

“I’m going to make mistakes on the weekend, I know that, and it’s just a matter of holing putts at the right time to make important pars and obviously make as many birdies as possible,” he added. “So I’m just going to try and enjoy myself as much as I can whatever happens this weekend.

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“I think the toughest round for me is going to be tomorrow. If I can go out and shoot under par, whatever happens, I’ll be really happy with that. Some days I really feel quite relaxed a lot of the times when I’ve been in those positions. Tomorrow’s going to be key for me.”

Niemann has also kept a bogey off his card over the first 36 holes as he chases his second PGA Tour title, while Homa and Russell Knox made huge strides up the leaderboard with 65s on day two.

Scotland’s Knox was one over after four holes and staring at a missed cut, but he played the remainder of his round in seven under par and insisted the blustery conditions brought out the best in his game.

Bryson DeChambeau missed the cut by two shots

Bryson DeChambeau missed the cut by two shots

“I need the wind, I think, to bring out the creativity in my game,” he said. “It was windy, but I was in control of my ball today, which is something which I’ve been lacking, I guess, maybe over the course of the season.

“So it was really nice and comforting today to be in control of it and fortunately I was able to capitalize and shoot a good score.”

Knox is just two off the lead at the halfway stage, while Ireland’s Seamus Power is three back after a 71 and Danny Willett recovered from a poor front nine with three birdies on the inward run to get to six under par.

But DeChambeau, who split with long-time caddie Tim Tucker on the eve of the tournament, could not keep the mistakes at bay and offset four birdies with three bogeys in a lacklustre defence of his title.

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July 3, 2021, 5:30pm

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Biles, Lee, Chiles lead way at US gymnastics trials

Simone Biles dominated the leaderboard on the first night of Olympic trials and didn’t even pull out her new vault to do it.

ST. LOUIS — Simone Biles is primed for Tokyo.

The world and Olympic gymnastics champion put on a dazzling display during the U.S. Olympic Trials on Friday night, pulling out all the stops — well, almost all of them — on her way to a commanding lead and a spot in Japan next month.

Her all-around total of 60.565 included a 15.133 on beam that featured the “double-double” dismount named for her, a maneuver she’s kept under wraps since the 2019 world championships. She opted to skip the Yurchenko double-pike vault she unveiled in competition last month and still posted the top score on the event.

Her floor exercise — the one that includes not one but two eponymous elements in the sport’s Code of Points — was both spectacular and spectacularly controlled. Clearly frustrated after stepping out of bounds several times while winning her seventh national title earlier this month, Biles kept her toes well inside the white lines during her law-of-physics pushing tumbling passes.

The top two all-around finishers Sunday night after the finals automatically qualify for the Olympic team. Biles is a lock no matter what happens Sunday.

Sunisa Lee and Jordan Chiles are nearing that territory, too. They might already be there.

The trio of Biles, Lee and Chiles came in 1-2-3 at nationals. They’re in the same positions heading into the finals after Lee put up a 57.666, followed by Chiles at 57.132, more than a half-point ahead of MyKayla Skinner.

While many of her competitors eased back into competition following a long break due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Chiles sprinted to the title at Winter Cup in February and has been a fixture in the top three in event meet since. Perhaps just as importantly, she’s seemingly become immune to the pressure. She’s now completed 20 events over the last four months, without a fall on any of them.

Not even Biles, who came off uneven bars at the U.S. Classic in May, can say that.

The selection committee has set aside 30 minutes after the end of finals to put the team together. They might need every last second of it to see who earns the fourth spot.

Skinner, 24, is making a pretty compelling case. An alternate in 2016, Skinner went to college after the Rio Olympics before returning to the elite level in 2019. She spent part of the COVID-19 pandemic shutdown battling the novel coronavirus and pneumonia.

Health scares behind her, she is putting on some of the best gymnastics of her career. Feeding off the energy inside an electric Dome at America’s Center, Skinner finished in the top five in three events, imploring the crowd to roar at the end of every dismount.

Skinner, Grace McCallum and Kayla DiCello are separated by just three-tenths of a point, with Kara Eaker a little further back. DiCello bounced back from a sluggish performance in which she fell on multiple events to finish in the top six in three of four events.

The race for the “plus-one” specialist spot appears to be Riley McCusker’s to lose. Her bars routine is world-class, her 14.800 score would put her in the mix for a medal in Tokyo if she were able to replicate it.

Jade Carey, who earned a nominative individual spot through the World Cup series, is the only gymnast who entered the meet with her spot already secured. She drilled her Amanar vault, her score of 15.2 second only to Biles on the event.

This post originally appeared on CBS8 – Sports

Bragg Holds Lead in Manhattan District Attorney Primary

Mr. Bragg and Ms. Farhadian Weinstein both have substantive legal pedigrees. Mr. Bragg graduated from Harvard Law School, clerked for a federal judge in New York and worked as a defense and civil rights lawyer. He first worked as a prosecutor in the state attorney general’s office, became a federal prosecutor in Manhattan and then returned to the attorney general’s office, where starting in 2013, he led a unit charged with investigating police killings of unarmed civilians. He eventually rose to become a chief deputy attorney general.

Erin E. Murphy, a law professor at New York University who supports Mr. Bragg, said that the combination of the candidate’s policies and his racial identity was key to understanding how he might lead the office.

“When we’re in this moment of racial reckoning, it’s really important the leader of the Manhattan D.A.’s office understands the real concerns about public safety that exist in our communities but also that they understand that the police themselves can be a harm-causing agent in the community,” she said.

Ms. Farhadian Weinstein graduated from Yale Law School, clerked on the Washington, D.C., Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court, served as counsel to the former United States attorney general, Eric H. Holder Jr., and after a stint as a federal prosecutor in Brooklyn was on the leadership team in the Brooklyn district attorney’s office.

The district attorney’s office has had only two leaders in close to 50 years, and the current officeholder, Cyrus R. Vance Jr. has held his seat for more than a decade. He was considered one of the most progressive prosecutors in the United States when he was first elected in 2009. But since he took office, a wave of prosecutors have won elections by pledging to make their offices less punitive and less racist, a trend that has changed the way that such races are run.

In the opening months of this year, it looked as if the Democratic primary for Manhattan district attorney would follow suit, with Ms. Aboushi, Ms. Orlins and Mr. Quart tipping the balance of the race toward the left. But as Ms. Farhadian Weinstein emerged as a financial powerhouse and gun violence rose in certain areas of the city, the focus of the race changed, and she and Mr. Bragg began to be seen as front-runners.

Author: Jonah E. Bromwich
This post originally appeared on NYT > Top Stories

Yang concedes as Adams takes lead following chaotic New York primary

Polls closed at 9 p.m in the primary, New York City’s first ranked-choice mayoral election. Yang was trailing well behind Adams, the Brooklyn borough president, who had a comfortable lead in first-choice votes by 11 p.m., followed by Kathryn Garcia and Maya Wiley. The two are now neck and neck for second place.

The winner of Tuesday’s Democratic primary will face Republican nominee Curtis Sliwa in the general election. But the Democrat is almost certain to become mayor and will arrive at City Hall during a time of unique challenge: Recovering from high unemployment, flattened tourism and a chaotic school year of remote learning spurred by the Covid-19 pandemic.

At the same time, if a sustained rise in violent crime continues apace, Mayor Bill de Blasio’s successor will confront a rash of shootings and hate crimes that continue to threaten the city’s recovery.

Crime frequently topped polls as a leading concern among voters, vaulting Adams — a former police captain who ran almost singularly on a promise of restoring safety to the city — into first place and minimizing the impact of the “defund NYPD” movement that got a foothold in city politics last year.

“New Yorkers are feeling this energy,” Adams told reporters in Manhattan Tuesday morning, repeating his campaign pledge to drive down shootings.

Yang, the former presidential candidate, Garcia, the former sanitation commissioner, and Wiley, former counsel to Mayor Bill de Blasio, formed the top-tier of the crowded race in recent weeks. Yang and Garcia were the only ones to form a late alliance in the race, a common move in other ranked-choice campaigns around the country.

The Democratic nominee will not be officially determined until the city Board of Elections releases its tally of absentee ballots on July 6. Further extending the ballot count is the advent of ranked-choice voting, which allows New Yorkers to select up to five candidates for each position. The system kicks in when no candidate attains 50 percent of votes on the first pass. The board plans to issue preliminary results of ranked ballots on June 29.

Yang spent months in first place after bursting into the primary with high name recognition and a relentlessly positive message. He filmed an ad riding the famous Cyclone roller coaster to tout the city’s comeback, made a show of buying movie tickets with his wife when theaters reopened and took on the powerful teacher’s union over school closures.

But the city’s steady reopening throughout the spring took some of the wind out of Yang’s sails, and his campaign faltered amid a series of public mistakes that critics said demonstrated what they had feared all along: A candidate who never voted in a mayoral election during his 25 years in the city lacked the municipal know-how for the job.

Sensing the public’s growing concern over crime, Yang adopted a strong anti-crime posture, but it was difficult to wrest the issue from Adams, who boasted 22 years on the police force and spoke openly about being assaulted by cops as a Black teenager in Queens.

The two developed a bitter rivalry, which was on full display during televised debates. Yang has recently taken to questioning Adams’ true residence following a story by POLITICO detailing confusing answers and botched paperwork about where he lives.

Adams and his surrogates went as far as accusing Yang and Garcia of attempted voter suppression of Black New Yorkers by teaming up in the final days of the race. They said their joint appearances were part of a strategy to appeal to one another’s supporters, but Adams slammed the arrangement, at one point invoking poll taxes that were employed to suppress Black votes.

Garcia, the city sanitation commissioner under de Blasio for seven years, made a surprising surge in her first bid for public office. She was lagging in the polls and facing difficulty fundraising, but the coveted endorsement of the New York Times and Daily News editorial boards helped propel her to the top tier late enough in the race that she did not sustain many negative attacks. In recent weeks, Adams began airing ads attacking her.

Wiley, the leading progressive candidate, competed for attention and endorsements with city Comptroller Scott Stringer and nonprofit CEO Dianne Morales, and didn’t pick up sufficient steam until each of their campaigns imploded.

Wiley decided to join the race last summer, as the city was gripped by police accountability protests that matched her passion and experience. But the ground shifted under her and her law enforcement reform agenda did not end up matching the wishes of a majority of voters.

As they chose their candidates Tuesday, voters also weighed in on the new voting system and offered a variety of reactions.

“I like having the option,” said Shannon Sciaretta, 24, of Queens. “Instead of picking one candidate I can pick a bunch of them, and maybe one of them will stick.”

Others were less enthused.

“I thought the whole thing sucked,” said retiree R. Reiser, 66, after casting his ballot on Manhattan’s Upper East Side. “There’s so many candidates and there are so many offices and the information available was really tough to get … You don’t know what anybody stands for.”

Author: Sally Goldenberg and Tina Nguyen
This post originally appeared on Politics, Policy, Political News Top Stories